Universal Primary Education Bratislava, May 2007. Susie Miles School of Education, University of Manchester [email protected] Enabling Education Network - EENET www.eenet.org.uk. Overview. What is education? International Frameworks Millennium Development Goal: Education
1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child
1993 UN Standard Rules (on Disability)
1994 Salamanca Statement
2000 Dakar, Senegal, EFA Conference & Millennium Development Goals
2002 Fast Track Initiative (for EFA)
2007 UN Convention on Disability
Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education
Target 3: Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
Child as problem
Needs special environment
Is different from
Education system as problem
Lack of teaching
aids and equipment
Teachers and schools
This log is the only bridge providing access to the nearest school.
Teachers and pupils working to prevent soil erosion.
This window has been enlarged to improve light quality.
Improved seating arrangements, collaborative learning, well lit classrooms, walls painted white.
New toilets adapted for students and staff
Inclusive learning environments
Teacher education and development
Early childhood development
Child to Child
Parent and community involvement
all children can learn
inclusive education is a dynamic process which is constantly evolving
differences in children, such as age, gender, ethnicity, language, disability, HIV and TB status, should be acknowledged and respected
education structures, systems and methodologies should be developed to meet the needs of all children
such developments should be seen as part of a wider strategy to promote an inclusive society
progress need not be restricted by large class sizes or a shortage of material resources.
Based on the Agra Conference, 1998
In Zanzibar (2006) the following issues were added:
“Inclusive education starts from the belief that the right to education is a basic human right and the foundation for a more just society.
Inclusive education takes the Education for All (EFA) agenda forward by finding ways of enabling schools to serve all children in their communities….
Inclusive education is concerned with all learners, with a focus on those who have traditionally been excluded from educational opportunities – such as learners with special needs and disabilities, children from ethnic and linguistic minorities”.