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What is Ethics?
What is medical science?
How are medical science and ethics related?
Why Ethics Become Important?
1.What is Morality
2.What is Ethics?
3.Ethics and Morality
4.to distinguish between Ethics and Law
5.to distinguish between Ethics and Policy
The science of human duty; the rules of human conduct.
The function of morality is "to combat the deleterious consequences of human sympathies" (Beauchamp).
Its aim is "to contribute to betterment -- or at least non-deterioration -- of the human predicament" (Warnock).
"Ethics aims at discovering what are those other properties belonging to all things which are good" (Moore).
Clinical ethics is a practical discipline that provides a structured approach for identifying ,analyzing, and resolving ethical issues in clinical medicine.
As in ancient Greek medicine, the professional values of ancient Chinese medicine arose with the development of medical professionalism itself. In ancient China, “profession” meant one’s duties.
The value system of medical ethics in China has a long tradition that can be traced back to ancient times.
Zhou Dynasty (from 1065-771 B.C.E.)
an independent medical profession and medical system took shape , built around four aspects: dietetic, internal, surgery, and veterinary.
Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 B.C.E.) and the Warring States (475-221 B.C.E.)
medicine began to divorce itself from witchcraft (magic) and became an experience-based knowledge and a professional skill .
Confucianism shaped the core values of Chinese culture.
medicine is a humane art
it emphasizes on caring about patients and on physicians’ self-cultivation in virtue.
Benevolence is the core of Confucian ethics. In Confucianism “benevolence” means, “to love the people.”
Confucianism required doctors to be very cautious and responsible in the course of diagnosis and prescription in order to avoid mistakes that would harm patients.
The Confucian principle also calls for respect for patients.
The principle calls for “universal love,” that is,
to treat every patient equally, regardless of social status, family background, appearances, age, etc.
“Whoever comes to seek cure must be treated like your own relatives regardless of their social status, family economic conditions, appearances, ages, races, and mental abilities.