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Lecture 38 Tropical Landscape Ornamentals. Climate and plant adaptation determines suitability of ornamentals Trees Many large trees in the tropics Many flowering trees Wide use of palms Use of ferns and cycads Many ornamental bamboo species. Turf Temperate lawn grasses are not adaptable

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Lecture 38 Tropical Landscape Ornamentals

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Lecture 38Tropical Landscape Ornamentals

Climate and plant adaptation determines suitability of ornamentals

Trees

Many large trees in the tropics

Many flowering trees

Wide use of palms

Use of ferns and cycads

Many ornamental bamboo species


Turf

Temperate lawn grasses are not adaptable

Many tropical grasses are coarse resemble

crabgrass.

Flowering shrubs and vines

A wide variety of shrubby plants and vines

Many of our indoor plants are landscape plants in the tropics


Tree Representations, Assyria

Primitive drawing

Date palm

“Symbolic” palm

Source: Gothein 1966.


Oasis, Sinai


Dates, Sinai peninsula


Oasis at El Tor, Sinai peninsular.

Source: J. Janick, photo.


Oasis in Sinai


Ancient Egyptian Garden Scenes

Harvesting pomegranates in formal planting interspersed with ornamental columns next to a T-shaped pool.

Source: Hyams, 1971.


Ancient Egyptian Garden Scenes

Four workers transporting trees.

Tree with earth raised around the roots.

Source: Wright, 1934.

Source: Wilkinson, The Ancient Egyptians.


Ancient Egyptian Garden Scenes

Randomly-placed trees within a square enclosure surrounding square pool.

Carving from the tomb of Akhnaton (18th dynasty).

Source: Thacker, 1979.


Garden Plan for a Wealthy Egyptian Estate

Note two types of palms: single trunk = date palm, bifurcated trunk = doum palm.

Source: Berrall, 1966.


Formal Egyptian garden (Thebes ca. 1450 BCE)

The lotus pool, on which statue of the vizier Rekhmire is being towed by boat, faces a pavilion or summerhouse.

Around the pool grow doum palms, date palms, acacias, and other trees and shrubs.

Singer et al., 1954.


A late 19th century impression (1883) of a bird’s eye view of a high official’s garden.

Source: J. S. Berrall, The Garden: An Illustrated History.


Ancient Egyptian Garden Scenes

(Thebes, ca. 1300 BCE)

Garden planted with fig, olive trees and flowering plants containing a pavilion with steps leading down to the water, being irrigated by a row of shadufs.

Source: Singer et al., 1954.


Plants as Symbols

Papyrus and lotus symbols of upper and lower Egypt

Hunting scene showing lotus and papyrus.

Offering of lotus and papyrus to Isis.


Present day garden at Neve Firan,

Sinai showing irrigation channels.

Source: J. Janick photo.


Hanging Gardens of Babylon. A 19th century conception.

Source: Berrall (1966).


Date, Sinai


Desert Inn, Beersheba, Israel


Federal station at Mayaguez, Royal Palm, Puerto Rico


Travelers Palm, Ecuador


Bambouseraie de Prafrance, Anduze, France

Reconstructed house on stilts

Allée d’entrée


Palms, Belize


Bamboo


Elephant pod, Hawaii


Elephant pod


Bogor Botanical gardens, Java, Indonesia


Trinidad Botanical gardens


Vista at Fairchild Tropical Gardens, Miami, Florida


Cannonball Tree


Norfolk Pine Plantation


Chinese Banyan, Ficus retuse


Cycad cone, Hawaii


Ipe in Bloom


Flamboyant Vicosa


Ylang-ylang, Costa Rica


Bougainvillea, Hawaii


Bougainvillea, Hawaii


Croton, Puerto Rico


Interiorscape


Puerto Rico, Philodendron


Inner Garden, American Consulate Brasilia


Double Poinsettia


Poinsettia


Parking garage, Brazil


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