Faa involvement commercial derivative aircraft for united states navy aerial refueling contract
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FAA Involvement : Commercial Derivative Aircraft for United States Navy Aerial Refueling Contract. United States Navy Aerial Refueling Industry Day June 20, 2006. Derek Morgan FAA Military Certification Office (ACE-100) Emilio Estrada FAA Flight Standards Service (AFS-330) Bruce Kaplan

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FAA Involvement : Commercial Derivative Aircraftfor United States Navy Aerial Refueling Contract

United States Navy Aerial Refueling Industry Day

June 20, 2006

Derek Morgan

FAA Military Certification Office (ACE-100)

Emilio Estrada

FAA Flight Standards Service (AFS-330)

Bruce Kaplan

FAA Aircraft Engineering Division (AIR-110)


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Why are there FAA Requirements in USN Draft PWS?

  • USN desires contractor to utilize existing commercial baseline aircraft to reduce cost and development time

  • FAA uses established and proven airworthiness standards

  • Ensures that modifications to baseline platforms consider original design requirements and limitations

  • Takes advantage of FAA systems for design approval (type certification), production approvals, maintenance, and operational aspects

  • Utilizes best available commercial business models for fleet aircraft operation

  • Supports DoD policy for use of commercial derivative aircraft

  • Allows contractor aircraft to be operated, maintained, and potentially share in benefits of the commercial aircraft baseline fleet

    • Commonality

    • Potential spares pooling

    • Training, maintenance, and logistics networks


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What is Extent of FAA Involvement and Contractor Oversight?

  • FAA has limited exposure and has no applicable airworthiness or operational regulations for aerial refueling

  • Civil airworthiness standards will not be developed until refueling is an approved civil operation

  • FAA traditionally has “hands-off” approach to military public use operations

  • Requirements posed by USN will require various civil FAA approvals to be obtained by contractor

  • Contractor may be required to obtain type certification, production approval, and become Part 125 operator – all subject to FAA approval and surveillance

  • FAA involvement will depend upon USN requirements and contractor’s proposal


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What are USN’s Requirements Invoking FAA Support?

Draft Performance Work Statement prescribes the following…

  • Civil aircraft contracted to perform aerial refueling for military aircraft

  • USN flight clearances to refuel specific military aircraft

  • Contracted installer/maintainers, aircraft crews, mission coordinators

  • FAA type certification for aircraft modifications

  • FAA Standard Airworthiness Certificate

  • 14 CFR Part 125 based maintenance and operation


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Civil Aircraft Performing Military Aerial Refueling Mission

  • Assumes contractor will own and operate civil registered commercial aircraft performing military (public use) function

  • Civil aircraft performing public use operations can be exempt from civil airworthiness certification and certain operational regulations - USN is requiring compliance where possible

  • Airworthiness and safety of aircraft under public use statute is the responsibility of the agency conducting operations

  • USN chose to impose civil criteria for airworthiness certification, maintenance, and some operational aspects


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USN Flight Clearances for Refueling Operations

  • USN assumes airworthiness and operational authority role for contractor aircraft during military public use operation

  • USN approves aircraft, refueling equipment function, flight planning, and operations for required military missions

  • Assumes USN flight clearance will be required for all contract authorized military operations

  • Assumes contractor will operate and maintain aircraft considered to be airworthy by FAA with standard airworthiness certificate


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FAA Qualified and Licensed Airmen

  • USN requirements require FAA certificated personnel to conduct maintenance and operation of aircraft

  • FAA approved maintenance practices in accordance with 14 CFR Parts 91 and 125

  • FAA rated pilots and crew members for aircraft operation

  • In addition, USN trained and qualified crew members specific to actual aerial refueling operations


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FAA Type Certification for Aircraft Configuration

  • Modified commercial aircraft configuration certified to existing Part 25 airworthiness requirements

  • Part 25 does not have airworthiness standards for refueling equipment – compliance shown to Part 25 structural, systems, and equipment design criteria

  • Performance specifications, validation, and verification of refueling system operation must be performed by USN

  • FAA “Level of Certification” for mission equipment must be defined


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FAA Type Certification for Aircraft Configuration (continued)

FAA Certification – “Levels of Approval” and Options

  • Full approval, including refueling function and operation

    • Not possible – no airworthiness standards for refueling systems

  • Equipment installation approval (partial approval)

    • Equipment installed and functional with power on

    • No adverse affect on aircraft or aircraft systems

    • Refueling not approved for civil operations

  • Safe carriage (partial approval)

    • Equipment installed but not operational

    • Physical, structural, and aerodynamic aspects examined and compliant

    • Equipment not evaluated for effects on aircraft

    • Power and signal interfaces disconnected and stowed

  • Provisions only (partial approval)

    • Equipment not installed

    • Structural and aircraft system modifications provisions only

    • Establishes interface points and design limits only


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Aircraft Must Have FAA Standard Airworthiness Certificate (continued)

  • Requires all modifications to baseline aircraft obtain FAA Part 25 certification for type design configuration

  • Requires aircraft to conform to approved FAA type design

  • Requires aircraft to be maintained and operated in accordance with FAA approved maintenance program and within envelope defined by FAA approved flight manual

  • Requires aircraft to be in condition for safe operation

  • Public use operation does not invalidate FAA airworthiness certificate if above conditions are not compromised

  • Must have FAA approved maintenance plan to assume dual role operation as civil/public aircraft


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Contractor Must Meet Requirements of 14 CFR Parts 91 and 125 for Maintenance and Operation

  • PWS assumes contractor must comply with all requirements of Parts 91 and 125 civil operator

  • Aircraft will be public use when conducting missions under military authorization – outside of FAA oversight

  • Will require USN, contract operator, and FAA to define ground rules and areas of responsibility


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What is FAA Involvement with USN and Aerial Refueling Contractor?

  • FAA will need to work with USN and potential contractors to define RFP requirements that FAA can support

    • Type certification of modifications

    • Production approvals for commercial fleet modification spares

    • FAA issuance of approvals and oversight of contractor facilities and procedures

  • Clear understanding, definitions, and plans for military “public use” operation of these aircraft

  • Investigate operation of these aircraft in foreign airspace


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FAA / U.S. Armed Services Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) Contractor?

  • Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) between U.S. Armed Services and FAA was signed 10 September 2004

  • MoA formalizes FAA role in providing support of national defense and acquisition of Commercial Derivative Aircraft (CDA).

  • MoA requires the Armed Services to reimburse FAA for expenditures on CDA certification and authorized services

  • MoA provides for two levels of service: “Baseline” and “Program Specific”

    • Program Specific Service Agreement required for projects outside scope of Baseline services

    • This program will require a PSSA

  • The MoA established the Military Certification Office


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FAA Military Certification Office Contractor?

  • MCO ensures Armed Service’s projects receive adequate prioritization and support

  • MCO is the technical liaison between FAA and Armed Services

  • MCO provides certification services to applicants that are under contract to Armed Services

    Contact:Ronald K. Rathgeber, Manager

    FAA Military Certification Office

    8200 East 34th Street North

    Building 1000, Suite 1005

    Wichita, KS 67226

    316-350-1580 FAX 316-350-1592

    [email protected]


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Questions Contractor?

?


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