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Employee Benefits - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Employee Benefits. Categories of Benefits. Universal benefits Statutory benefits Discretionary benefits for employee protection Pay for time not worked Employee services. Types of Risks Protected Against. Superannuation Untimely Death Disability Medical Expenses Unemployment.

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Categories of Benefits

  • Universal benefits

  • Statutory benefits

  • Discretionary benefits for employee protection

  • Pay for time not worked

  • Employee services

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Types of Risks Protected Against

  • Superannuation

  • Untimely Death

  • Disability

  • Medical Expenses

  • Unemployment

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Universal Benefits

  • Benefits that government provides without requiring direct contributions from either employees or employers

  • i.e. Old Age Security, Guaranteed Monthly Income Supplement (GIS), Provincial hospital and medical insurance plans (OHIP)

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Statutory Benefits

  • Must be provided by employer under federal a/o provincial laws

  • i.e. CPP, WCB (WSIB), EI and health insurance

  • n.b. health insurance $ raised through payroll tax

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Discretionary Benefits for Employee Protection

  • Private pension plans

  • group life, disability and supplementary health insurance

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Pension Plans

  • Defined-Benefit Plans

  • flat benefit: based on service

  • earnings related: percentage

  • flexible pension: employer fixes base, employee contributes extra.

  • Defined Contribution Plans

  • money purchase, profit sharing

  • Combination Plans

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Cost Issues

  • Cost containment

  • taxation of benefits

  • cost shifting from the public to the private sector

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Benefits Communication

  • Increasing complexity

  • lack of resources to explain the benefits to employees

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Flexible Benefits

  • Modular plans (bundles prepackaged for different subgroups)

  • Core-plus-options plans

  • Flexible spending accounts

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Challenges with Flexible Benefits

  • Adverse selection

  • Employees who make poor choices

  • Administrative complexity

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Worker’s Comp - why?

  • Medical care and income to victims

  • no fault for quick relief

  • encourage employer to invest and research safety

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Worker’s Comp Benefits

  • Total disability benefits

  • Impairment benefits

  • survivor benefits

  • medical expense benefits

  • rehabilitation benefits

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Shared Responsibility

  • Health and safety committees

  • the right to refuse unsafe work

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Chronic Stress - Burnout

  • Emotional and or physical exhaustion

  • lowered job productivity

  • automatized or machine-like performance of duties

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Variables Significantly Related to Burnout:

  • Organizational characteristics

  • perception of organization

  • perceptions of role

  • individual characteristics

  • outcome (satisfaction and turnover impact)

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Techniques for Reducing Burnout

  • Identification - analyse incidence, prevalence and characteristics of burnout in organization

  • prevention - change process before it begins

  • mediation - slow/stop/reverse burnout

  • remediation - for employee already exhibiting burnout, but who needs to be shown respect and ways to find help

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Programs to address Burnout

  • Employee Assistance Plans

  • Wellness programs

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Health Issues

  • Workplace violence

  • Cumulative Trauma Disorder

  • Hazardous Materials (WHMIS)

  • Substance Abuse and Testing

  • Smoking

  • AIDS

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Job Safety Analysis

  • Sequence of Basic Job Steps

  • Potential Hazards

  • Recommended Action or Procedure