Antonio gramsci and paulo freire
Download
1 / 19

ANTONIO GRAMSCI AND PAULO FREIRE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 559 Views
  • Updated On :

ANTONIO GRAMSCI AND PAULO FREIRE. UNIVERSITY OF TAMPERE 22 APRIL 2008. INTRODUCTION. Gramsci Freire Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) and Paulo Freire (1921-1997) : two of the most cited figures re critical approaches to education. . INTRO (cont.).

Related searches for ANTONIO GRAMSCI AND PAULO FREIRE

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'ANTONIO GRAMSCI AND PAULO FREIRE' - LionelDale


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Antonio gramsci and paulo freire l.jpg

ANTONIO GRAMSCI AND PAULO FREIRE

UNIVERSITY OF TAMPERE

22 APRIL2008


Introduction l.jpg
INTRODUCTION

Gramsci Freire

  • Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) and Paulo Freire (1921-1997) : two of the most cited figures re critical approaches to education.


Intro cont l.jpg
INTRO (cont.)

  • Their work occurred in different contexts and at different times

    • Gramsci in Europe in the first part of the 20th century

    • Paulo Freire in Latin America, N. America, Europe and Africa in the second half of the century.


Gramsci s influence on freire l.jpg
GRAMSCI’S INFLUENCE ON FREIRE

  • “...I only read Gramsci when I was in exile. I read Gramsci and I discovered that I had been greatly influenced by Gramsci long before I had read him. It is fantastic when we discover that we had been influenced by someone’s thought without even being introduced to their intellectual production”


Marxian influence l.jpg
Marxian influence

  • In volume IV of his edited critical edition of the Quaderni del Carcere (Prison Notebooks), Valentino Gerratana provides the list of texts by Marx and Engels that Gramsci cites in the Notebooks. These include:

    • Das Kapital, Theses on Feuerbach,

    • Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right (Introduction), The Holy Family,

    • The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon,

    • Critique of the Gotha Programme,

    • numerous letters and articles.


Marxian influence6 l.jpg
Marxian influence

  • Unlike Gramsci, Freire could draw on a wide range of early writings by Marx, notably:

    • The German Ideology,

    • The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, the Theses on Feuerbach

    • The Holy Family.


Marxian influence7 l.jpg
Marxian Influence

Village in Guinea Bissau

Later writings by Marx influenced Pedagogy in Process: Freire deals with the social relations of production in an impoverished African country (Guinea Bissau). Letter 11, Marx’s idea of a ‘polytechnic education’


Marxian influence8 l.jpg
Marxian influence

  • Dialectical style of Pedagogy of the Oppressed

  • Gramsci and Freire: a Marxian conception of ideology

    • “The ruling ideas are nothing more than the ideal expression of the dominant material relationships, the dominant material relationships grasped as ideas; hence of the relationships which make one class the ruling one, therefore the ideas of its dominance.”


Ideology l.jpg
IDEOLOGY

  • Gramsci saw ideas reflecting dominant material relationships as residing in ‘common sense’ : contains elements of ‘good sense’ but is a distorted and fragmentary view of the world

  • Freire: popular consciousness full of ideology.

  • Freire (earlier work): different levels of consciousness ranging from naïve to critical consciousness.


Resources of hope l.jpg
Resources of hope

  • Both refuse evolutionary economic determinist theories of social change.

  • Gramsci: theories of “grace and predestination.”

  • Freire: a “liberating fatalism”


Capitalist developments l.jpg
Capitalist Developments

Scene from

Modern Times

Both recognized developments within capitalism, witnessed during their lifetime, for what they were

  • Gramsci: Taylorisation

  • Freire: Neo-Liberalism Milton Freidman


Capitalist reorganisation l.jpg
Capitalist Reorganisation

- signs of Capitalist reorganization

  • to counter the tendency of the rate of profit to fall, owing to the ‘ crises of overproduction’


Education in its broadest context l.jpg
Education in its broadest context

  • Hegemony as education

  • Education across ‘civil society’

  • Historical bloc


Education in its broadest context14 l.jpg
Education in its broadest context

  • Freire exhorted educators and other cultural workers to ‘be tactically inside and strategically outside’ the system

  • Social movements and Party


Praxis l.jpg
Praxis

Aristotle

  • Codification as praxis in Freire

  • Philosophy of Praxis in Gramsci

  • Exile as praxis in Freire

  • Action-reflection-transformative action

  • dialectical relations between above


Authority and freedom l.jpg
AUTHORITY AND FREEDOM

  • Freire distinction between ‘authority and freedom’

  • echoes Gramsci’s

    • interplay between “spontaneita` e direzione consapevole” (spontaneity and conscious direction)


Authority freedom l.jpg
AUTHORITY & FREEDOM

  • Gramsci: Rousseau-inspired school to move from romantic to classical phase

  • Freire: educator’s “directivity” should not interfere with learners’ creative capacity.


Culture l.jpg
CULTURE

  • High order knowledge vs popular knowledge

  • ‘Unitarian school’ and ‘popular-public school’

  • Spoken and written words

  • Complementarity


Source l.jpg
SOURCE

Source: Peter Mayo, Gramsci, Freire and Adult Education. Possibilities for Transformative Action, Zed Books, 1999


ad