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AFRICOMThe U.S. Military in Africa
ALABO, Equatorial Guinea (February 01, 2008) — Navy Lieutenant Phillip McCorvey and a member of the local Equatorial Guinea soccer team exchange soccer balls signed by the members of each team. Sporting events are one of the ways in which Africa Partnership Station (APS) is creating partnerships through West and Central Africa. As part of the Navy's new cooperative maritime strategy, APS is a multi-national effort to bring the latest training and techniques to maritime professionals in West and Central Africa. (U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Brian Goyak)
The United States is the only state which divides the entire globe into military commands with a general or admiral in command of each region and designated forces.
A Unified Combatant Command (UCC) is a United States joint military command composed of forces from two or more services, has a broad and continuing mission, and is organized either on a geographical basis (known as "Area Of Responsibility", AOR) or on a functional basis. All UCCs are commanded by either a four star general or admiral and are considered "joint" commands with specific badges denoting their affiliation (Wikipedia)
“U.S. Africa Command will better enable the Department of Defense and other elements of the U.S. government to work in concert and with partners to achieve a more stable environment in which political and economic growth can take place. U.S. Africa Command is consolidating the efforts of three existing headquarters commands into one that is focused solely on Africa and helping to coordinate US government contributions on the continent.” AFRICOM web site.
General Kip Ward
“This new command will strengthen our security cooperation with Africa and create new opportunities to bolster the capabilities of our partners in Africa. Africa Command will enhance our efforts to bring peace and security to the people of Africa and promote our common goals of development, health, education, democracy, and economic growth in Africa." President Bush, Feb. 2007
How will AFRICOM function
The Pentagon calls Africom a “unified combatant command,” meaning a command that combines military and civil functions. Though Africom will be led by a top-ranking four-star military general, unlike other regional commands, its deputy commander will be a State Department official. The current transition team of about sixty people—which is largely military—will form the core of Africom’s headquarters staff, but Moeller anticipates there will eventually be several hundred personnel when the command becomes operational in September 2008. Africom aims to bring together intelligence, diplomatic, health and aid experts. Staff will be drawn from all branches of the military, as well as USAID and the departments of state, agriculture, treasury, and commerce. These nonmilitary staff may be funded with money from their own departments as well as the DOD…. The Pentagon has touted the new interagency structure of Africom, but experts question whether the command will be any different than other regional commands in execution. The small size of other government offices in comparison to the military means that it may be difficult to hire enough nonmilitary staff. Council on Foreign Relations
Africa is a continent that is extremely rich in strategic materials, including oil, but is also riven by major conflicts that obstruct access to those resources.
The People’s Republic of China is increasing its economic and assistance activity across Africa, which worries many strategic analysts
The Northern part of Africa, some fear, is part of the mythical “New Caliphate,” and the Sahara and Sahel are regarded as “ungoverned spaces” open to terrorists
AFRICOM Focus Countries
53 Total Countries
42 in EUCOM AOR
10 Priority Partners
7 Cooperation Countries
US Special Forces Training Exercises
TRAINING CRUISE (WATC)
Africa’s Swahili Coast
Areas of Naval influence
Africa’s Gulf of Guinea
Sao Tome and Principe
Republic of the Congo
Annenberg School of Communication, Center for Public Diplomacy
Ambassador Mary Carlin Yates, AFRICOM Deputy to the Commander for Civil-Military ActivitiesMajor General Herbert L. Altshuler, AFRICOM Director of Strategy, Plans and Programs Ambassador Mark Bellamy, Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International StudiesAmb. Brian Carlson, State-DoD Liaison in the Office of the Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public AffairsMr. Ryan Henry, Principal Deputy Undersecretary of Defense Ms. Nicole Lee, Executive Director of the TransAfrica ForumMr. Mark Malan, Peacebuilding Program Officer at Refugees InternationalAmbassador Charles A. Minor, Liberian Ambassador to the United States Consul General Jeanette Ndhlovu, Consul General of South AfricaDr. Abiodun Williams, Associate Dean of the Africa Center for Strategic Studies at the National Defense University
"Public Diplomacy seeks to promote the national interest of the United States through understanding, informing and influencing foreign audiences."
“PUBLIC DIPLOMACY refers to government-sponsored programs intended to inform or influence public opinion in other countries; its chief instruments are publications, motion pictures, cultural exchanges, radio and television."
"Public diplomacy . . . deals with the influence of public attitudes on the formation and execution of foreign policies. It encompasses dimensions of international relations beyond traditional diplomacy; the cultivation by governments of public opinion in other countries; the interaction of private groups and interests in one country with those of another; the reporting of foreign affairs and its impact on policy; communication between those whose job is communication, as between diplomats and foreign correspondents; and the processes of inter-cultural communications…. Central to public diplomacy is the transnational flow of information and ideas."