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Today. Australia & New Zealand Physical Geography Population and density issues Historical, economic, and cultural Immigration and Maori & Aboriginal rights. Last Time SE Asia-questions?. European colonization Contemporary population issues in SE Asia Country details in SE Asia.

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today
Today
  • Australia & New Zealand
    • Physical Geography
    • Population and density issues
    • Historical, economic, and cultural
    • Immigration and Maori & Aboriginal rights
last time se asia questions
Last Time SE Asia-questions?
  • European colonization
  • Contemporary population issues in SE Asia
  • Country details in SE Asia
australia new zealand
Australia & New Zealand
  • Size and location
  • Physical Geography
    • Australia
      • Landforms
      • Climate
      • Vegetation and physical features
    • New Zealand
population in australia new zealand
Population in Australia & New Zealand
  • Australia
    • Low population
    • Large area => low density
  • New Zealand
    • Small pop but small area
history settlement of australia
History & Settlement of Australia
  • Aboriginal inhabitants
  • European entry & impact
  • Core area of settlement
    • Either side of Great Dividing Range
    • Major cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide
    • Vast majority of pop is urban ~ 85%
australia export based primary sector economy mostly
Australia: Export-based primary sector economy mostly
  • Minerals and ores — iron, copper, coal, nickel, etc a major supplier
  • Agricultural animals beef, lambs, sheep, wool (20-30% or total for world)
  • Wheat: 4th largest producer
  • “Import substitution” local economy
  • Spatially economy is like a donut
  • Problem: to keep up with high growth mostly industrial economies in Far East
    • Less trade to colonizer - UK
new zealand
New Zealand
  • Native settlement
    • People of Polynesian origins called Maori settled in ~ 1000 AD
    • Bulk of Maori settlement on N island
  • European exploration and settlement
    • Tasman in late 1600s
    • British influence dates from Cook in 1769/70
  • European and Maori encounters
    • Initial impact was a prolonged and bloody war
    • A second impact was the effect of disease
new zealand ii
New Zealand II
  • Transformations by European settlers
    • Extinctions: e.g., moas
    • Introduction of cattle, pigs, and sheep
    • Huge deforestation
  • Population and settlement
    • Most settlement is on N island
    • ~ 4m pop (sheep ~ 25m and cattle ~ 8m
    • ~ 85% urban
    • Peripheral settlement pattern like Australia
new zealand29
New Zealand
  • Economy
    • Traditional ties to Great Britain
    • As the UK joined the EC and preferential trade was stopped
    • Does not have a rich mineral resource base – animal agriculture base
    • Modern economic ties are to various Pacific rim countries
immigration maori aboriginal rights
Immigration, Maori, & Aboriginal rights
  • Australian aboriginal rights
    • Court cases have given economic rights
    • Backlash by right wing political parties
    • Aborigines are by far the worst off of groups
  • Maori (New Zealand) issues
    • Increasingly demanding traditional rights to fishing etc.
    • ~ 10% of pop is Maori
    • By 2010 they may be 25% of pop
slide34

N. Territory

Aboriginal lands

Aboriginal

Land claims

immigration maori aboriginal rights ii
Immigration, Maori, & Aboriginal rights II
  • Asian immigration in Australia
    • Until 1970s Australia maintained a “Whites only” immigration policy
    • Changed in the 1970s and a large number of Asians have immigrated to Australia
    • Now only ~ 1/3 of Australians are of UK background
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