The great war new technology of wwi
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The Great War: New Technology of WWI. Introduction. Assembly Line Fast & efficient production of new weapons. WWI – First large scale modern war. Improved Hygiene & Living Standards Increasing population. Carnage & Death on Unprecedented Level. Trenches.

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The Great War: New Technology of WWI

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The great war new technology of wwi

The Great War:NewTechnology of WWI

The great war new technology of wwi


Assembly Line

Fast & efficient production of new weapons

  • WWI – First large scale modern war

Improved Hygiene & Living Standards

Increasing population

Carnage & Death on

Unprecedented Level



  • What other technologies are used with the trenches?

The great war new technology of wwi

Trench Warfare

Trenches cont d


  • How a Trench was supposed to look

  • How a Trench actually looked

The great war new technology of wwi

Trench Warfare

“No Man’s Land”

The space between the two trenches.



  • Most innovative technological development of war

  • Why were they developed?

    • To try to break the stalemate

  • 1st Use – January 1916

  • British Mark I

    • Crew of 6, Speed 3mph

  • French Renault

    • ¼ the weight, 2x as fast as British tanks

Tanks cont d


  • Video

    • Why is the tread the key to the tank?

    • What was it like to be inside a WWI tank?

    • How did the crew on the French Renault communicate?

    • What was the key feature of the French tank?

  • Impact

    • Very little – Tank useless in defensive war

      • Germans lagged behind in tank tech but it didn’t matter

    • Would be major weapon in 2nd World War

Air power

Air Power

  • WWI –

    • 1st war where air power played a tactical role

  • Types

    • Observation Balloons

    • Zeppelins

    • Air Planes

The great war new technology of wwi

Air Power (cont’d)

  • Video

    • Observation Balloons

      • How far could they see?

      • How did they communicate information back to the ground?

    • Zeppelins

      • What were they filled with?

      • What capabilities did they have?

      • What were they used for?

      • Drawbacks?

Air planes

Air Planes

  • Relatively New Technology

    • 10 years old

  • Great Amount of Development During WWI

    • Beginning – flimsy, slow, low flying, fall apart, basically motorized kites

    • End – Bigger planes w/ bigger engines, more weapons

  • Greatest Contribution to War Effort=Reconnaissance

  • Video

    • How did engineers overcome obstacles to arming planes?

    • Who had the best aircraft?

The great war new technology of wwi

The Flying Aces of World War I

  • Dogfights – close range aerial combat

  • Aces – an aviator who shoots down 5 or more enemy aircraft

Eddie Rickenbacher, US

Manfred vonRichtoffen, Ger.[The “RedBaron”]

Machine gun

Machine Gun

  • Most Effective Weapon - Why?

    • Perfect defensive weapon

  • Video

    • What was the range of WWI machine guns?

    • How many rounds per minute could they fire?

    • Why was the swivel ability important?

  • Impact

    • What effects would the use of this weapon have?

    • Generals – slow to change strategies (Battle of the Somme)


What is artillery?

Big guns, larger shells


Line of sight –

Howitzers –

Mortars –

Effects in Belgium

What did the German “Big Berthas” do to the fortifications in Belgium?

Paris Gun

What was it purpose? Range?

What were its drawbacks?

From a defensive position, how could machine guns be used in conjunction with mortars?


Poison gas

Poison Gas

  • WWI – 1st use of chemical warfare

  • Previous international agreement

    • Cannot use shell w/ sole purpose of disseminating toxic gas

  • Tear Gas – nonfatal, irritant

  • Video

    • Chlorine Gas – What happens to those affected?

    • What were the drawbacks to the gas masks that were created in response to gas attacks?

    • Mustard Gas – What is it? What are its effects?

  • Impact

    • not decisive, made life miserable

U boats


  • Undersea Boats

    • Mainly used by Germans

  • Video

    • Who is the father of the modern submarine?

    • For what purpose did the Germans use their U-boats?

    • What weapons were U-Boats equipped with?

    • What was the U-Boats key to success?

    • How did the use of U-boats both help and hurt the Germans?

The great war new technology of wwi

Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats

  • How effective were the German U-Boats in accomplishing their mission?

Other wwi technologies

Other WWI Technologies

  • Flame Throwers

  • Grenade Launchers

  • Barb Wire

  • Other Failed Technology

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