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MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY. DR. I. SELVARAJ. SOCIOLOGY. STUDY OF SOCIAL CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR. MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY.

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slide1

MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY

DR. I. SELVARAJ

sociology
SOCIOLOGY
  • STUDY OF SOCIAL CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR
medical sociology
MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY

PROFESSIONAL ENDEAVOUR DEVOTED TO SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY, STUDY OF CULTURAL FACTORS AND SOCIAL RELATIONS IN CONNECTION WITH ILLNESS, AND THE SOCIAL PRINCIPLES IN MEDICAL ORGANISATION AND TREATMENT – Charles Mclntire 1894

medical sociology1
MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY
  • social epidemiology to practice social medicine
  • to study cultural factors and social relation
  • to study social factors of family,society, and government about health or disease
  • to study social principles in medical organisation and treatment
  • to study social problems
  • to study social security
slide5

Social epidemiology is defined as the “study of the social distribution and social determinants of states of health” The aim of social epidemiology is to identify socio environmental exposures that may be related to physical and mental health outcomes. The principal concern of social epidemiology is the study of how society and social organization influence the health and standard of living of individuals and populations.

social medicine
SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • THE STUDY OF MEDICAL NEEDS OR MEDICAL CARE OF THE SOCIETY WITH THE KNOWLEDGE OF SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
types of survey
TYPES OF SURVEY
  • EPIDEMIOLGICAL SURVEY
  • SOCIAL SURVEY
slide8

NEED FOR THE STUDY OF SOCIOLGY/ MEDICAL SOCIOLGY

  • RAPID TRANSFORMATION (IMPACT OF WEST)
  • JOINT FAMILY DISINTEGRATION
  • STRENGTH OF BOND OF MARRIAGE IS WANING
  • BROKEN HOMES
  • LINQUALISM, CASTEISM, REGIONALISM
  • LUST FOR POWER
  • WIDE CORRUPTION
  • UNEMPLOYMENT
  • URBANISATION
  • CONFUSION IN THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION
socio economic conditions and health
Socio-economic Conditions And Health
  • ECONOMIC STATUS
  • EDUCATION
  • OCCUPATION
  • POLITICAL SYSTEM
  • HOUSING
  • EMPLOYMENT
  • POVERTYAND AFFLUENCE
  • ILLITRACY AND IGNORENCE
  • TRAVEL
  • INDUSTRILIZATION
  • FOOD HABITS
  • TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE
slide10

INDUSTRIALISATION

  • PER CAPITA INCOME
  • ECONOMIC PROGRESS
  • STANDARD OF LIVING
  • URBAN SLUM
  • OVER CROWDING
  • ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION
  • SOCIAL PROBLEMS
  • ELIMINATE CASTE DISTINCTION
  • MORE NUCLEAR FAMILY
types of medical service
TYPES OF MEDICAL SERVICE
  • CAPITALIST COUNTRY
  • STATE MEDICINE
  • INSURANCE MEDICINE
  • CHARITY MEDICINE
  • And Private medicine
  • SOCIALIST COUNTRY
  • Socialized medicine
community
COMMUNITY
  • COMMUNITY IS A HUMAN POPULATION LIVING WITHIN A LIMITED GEOGRAPHIC AREA AND CARRYING ON A COMMON INTER-DEPENDENT LIFE - LUNDBERG
urban community
URBAN COMMUNITY
  • NAMELESSNESS
  • HOMELESSNESS
  • CLASS EXTREME
  • SOCIAL HETEROGENESITY
  • SOCIALDISTANCE
  • EMOTIONAL TENSION AND INSECURITY
rural community
RURAL COMMUNITY
  • COMMUNITY CONCIOUSNESS
  • ROLE OF NEIGHBOURHOOD
  • JOINT FAMILY
  • FAITH IN RELIGION
  • SIMPLICITY
rural urban differences
JOINT FAMILY

LESS OF LOVE MARRIAGE

WOMEN LITTERACY IS LESS

NEIGHBOURHOOD IS IMPORTANT

SENSE OF WE FEELING IS MUCH STRONGER

SOCIAL INTERACTION IS PERSONNEL

RURAL CULTURE IS CONSERVATIVE

NUCLEAR FAMILY

MORE OF DIVORCE

WOMEN LITTERACY IS HIGH

IT IS NOT IMPORTANT

IT IS NOT SEEN

SOCIAL INTERACTION IS IMPERSONEL

CITY CULTURE IS COSMOPOLITAN

RURAL – URBAN DIFFERENCES
slide16

URBAN PROBLEMS

  • URBAN SLUMS
  • PAVEMENT DWELLERS
  • UNEMPLOYMENT
  • ANTISOCIAL ACTIVITY
  • POVERTY
  • CRIME
  • MENTAL ILLNESS
  • DELINQUENCY
  • BEGGING
  • PROSTITUTION
  • POPULATION GROWTH
  • POLITICAL AND INDUSTRIAL UNREST
  • ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT
  • AND POLLUTION
slide17

MAJOR RURAL PROBLEMS

  • MALNUTRITION UNDER 5 YEAR CHILDREN
  • ILLITRACY
  • CHILD LABOUR
  • SCHOOL DROPOUT
  • POOR TRANSPORT
  • POOR COMMUNICATION
  • INADEQUATE WATER FOR CULTIVATION
  • ELECTRICITY PROBLEMS
  • LABOUR PROBLEMS
  • BONDED LABOURER
family
FAMILY
  • Family is a group of persons united by the ties of marriage, blood or adoption; constituting a single household, interacting and inter-communicating with each other in their respective social roles of husband and wife, mother and father, son and daughter, brother and sister creating a common culture – Burgess and locke
family1
FAMILY
  • BASIC UNIT OF THE SOCIETY
  • PRIMARY UNIT OF THE SOCIETY
  • BIOLOGICAL UNIT OF THE SOCIETY
  • CULTURAL UNIT OF THE SOCIETY
  • EPIDEMIOLOGICAL UNIT OF THE SOCIETY
temporary social group
TEMPORARY SOCIAL GROUP
  • THE CROWD
  • THE MOB
  • THE HERD
permanent social group
PERMANENT SOCIAL GROUP
  • THE BAND
  • THE VILLAGE
  • THE TOWN
  • THE CITY
  • THE STATE
type of family
PATRIARCHAL FAMILY

MATRIARCHAL FAMILY

NUCLEAR FAMILY

EXTENDED NUCLEAR FAMILY

JOINT FAMILY

THREE GENERATION FAMILY

MATRILOCAL FAMILY

PATRILOCAL FAMILY

MONOGAMOUS FAMILY

POLYGAMOUS FAMILY

POLY ANDROUS FAMILY

MATRILINEAR FAMILY

PATRILINEAR FAMILY

ENDOGAMOUSFAMILY

EXOGAMOUS FAMILY

BROKEN FAMILY

PROBLEM FAMILY

TYPE OF FAMILY
family in health and disease
FAMILY IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
  • CHILD REARING
  • SOCIALIZATION
  • PERSONALITY FORMATION
  • CARE OF DEPENDENTS
social function of family
SOCIAL FUNCTION OF FAMILY
  • REGULATION OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AND REPRODUCTION
  • CARE AND TRAINING OF CHILDREN
  • ECONOMIC
  • RECREATION
  • PROTECTIVE
  • RELIGIOUS
  • EDUCATION
role of family in health and illness
ROLE OF FAMILY IN HEALTH AND ILLNESS
  • SOMATIC SYMPTOMS INCREASES TENSION AMONG THE FAMILY MEMBERS
  • CHRONIC ILLNESS AND COMPLICATED ILLNESS IS DETERMINTEL TO THE FAMILY FUNCTIONING
  • FAMILY PRESTIGE IS AFFECTED BY MENTALLY RETARDED CHILD
  • THE FAMILY WILL OFFER REMEDIES AND ADVICE
  • TO TAKE OVER THE ROLL OF THE ILL PERSON WHEN HE/SHE IS NO LONGER CAPABLE OF PERFORMING
  • IT WILL PROVIDE CARE UNTIL RECOVERY AND LONG TERM SUPPORT
family and disease
FAMILY AND DISEASE
  • HEMOPHILIA, COLOUR BLINDNESS, DM, and MENTAL ILLNESS
  • TB, SCABIES, COMMON COLD MEASLES, CHICKEN-POX, DIARRHOEA, DYSENTRY, and ENTERIC FEVER
  • CONGENITAL MALFORMATION
family cycle
FAMILY CYCLE
  • STAGE OF FORMATION
  • STAGE OF GROWTH
  • STAGE OF RETRACTION
  • STAGE OF DISINTEGRATION
slide29

SOCIAL PROBLEMS

  • ANY DEVIANT BEHAVIOUR IN A DISAPPROVED DIRECTION OF SUCH A DEGREE THAT IS EXCEEDED THE TOLERANCE LIMIT OF THE COMMUNITY - LUNDBERG
slide30

SOCIAL PROBLEM

  • PROSTITUTION
  • THE DISABLED
  • POVERTY
  • JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
  • UNEMPLOYMENT
  • ALCOHOLISM
  • WOMENS EMPLOYMENT
  • CHILD LABOUR
  • STREET CHILDREN
  • SOCIAL PROBLEM OF WORKERS
slide31

PROSTITUTION

  • A PROSTITUTE IS AN INDIVIDUAL, MALE OR FEMALE, WHO FOR SOME KIND OF REWARD, MONETARY OR OTHERWISE, OR FOR SOME FORM OF PERSONAL SATISFACTION AS A PART OR WHOLE TIME PROFESSION, ENGAGES IN NORMAL OR ABNORMAL SEXUAL INTERCOURSE WITH VARIOUS PERSONS, WHO MAY BE OF THE SAME SEX OR THE OPPOSITE SEX, TO THE PROSTITUTE – G.R. SCOTT
slide32

CONSTITUENTS OF PROSTITUTION

  • ILLICIT AND PROMISCUOUS SEXUAL INTER COURSE
  • MERCENARY BASIS WHETHER IN CASH OR IN KIND
  • LACK OF AFFECTION OR PERSONNEL INTEREST
types of prostitute
THE CALL GIRL

THE STREET WALKER

BAR PROSTITUTION

PROSTITUTES OF THE BROTHEL

CAMP FOLLOWERS

INTER RACIAL PROSTITUTES

THE FLEABAG

DANCE HALL PROSTITUTES

BEAT PROSTITUTES

ELDERLY PROSTITUTES

GIMMICK PROSTITUTES

FRICATRICE PROSTITUTES

CHILD PROSTITUTES

TYPES OF PROSTITUTE
slide34

FACTORS FOR PROSTITUTIONS

  • PREDISPOSING FACTORS
  • ATTRACTIVE FACTORS
  • PRECIPITATING FACTORS
  • ECONOMIC FACTORS
  • SOCIAL FACTORS
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS
  • BIOLOGICAL FACTORS
  • RELIGIOUS AND CULTURAL FACTORS
slide35

CAUSES OF PROSTITUTION IN MALES

  • THE UNMARRIED
  • THE MARRIED
  • THE WIDOWERS/DIVORCED
slide36

PROBLEMS OF PROSTITUTION

  • TRAFFICKING IS AN OFFENCE
  • HOODLUMS AND POLICE EXTRACT MONEY
  • TRANSMISSION OD S.T.D/HIV
  • PROSTITUTES ARE MURDERED WITH AN OVER DOSE OF HEROIN
slide37

PREVENTION OF PROSTITUTION

  • RESCUE HOME AND SHELTER
  • IMMORAL TRAFFICK ACT
  • SOCIAL CONTROL OF S.T.D/ HIV
  • LICENCE
  • SKILLED TRAINING AND PLACEMENT OF JOB IN SHELTERED WORKSHOP
  • WELFARE MEASURES FOR THE CHILDREN OF PROSTITUTES
slide38

No one is born as street kids in the real sense of the word.  It is the society and the evils of the systems that shapes the children into street children…

social defence
SOCIAL DEFENCE
  • THE JUVENILE JUSTICE ACT, 2001
  • THE CHILD LABOUR ACT,1986
  • THE IMMORAL TRAFFIC ACT,1956
  • THE DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT,1961
  • THE NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROP SUBSTANCES ACT,1985
culture
CULTURE
  • IT IS DEFINED AS LEARNED BEHAVIOUR WHICH HAS BEEN SOCIALLY ACQUIRED
cultural factors in health and disease
CULTURAL FACTORS IN HEALTH AND DISEASE
  • PERSONAL HYGIENE
  • NUTRITION
  • IMMUNISATION
  • SEEKING EARLY MEDICAL CARE
  • FAMILY PLANNING
  • CHILD REARING
  • DISPOSAL OF EXCRETA & REFUSE
slide42

SOCIAL SECURITY

  • SOCIAL SECURITY IS THE GUARANTEE THAT THE STATE GIVES TO SPECIFIC INDIVIDUALS (WHO MAY OR MAY NOT BE REQUIRED TO PAY MONTHLY PREMIA) BY VIRTUE OF WHICH THEY RECEIVE, IN TIMES OF CRISES, FREE REMEDIAL AND SUPPORTIVE MEASURES.
social security act
Social security act
  • W.C.A 1923/ FACTORY ACT 1948
  • E.S.I, ACT 1948
  • C.G.H.S 1963
  • STATE OLD AGE PENSION ACT
  • EMPLOYEE’S PROVIDENT FUND ACT
  • PAYMENT OF GRADUITY ACT 1972
  • MATERNITY BENEFIT ACT
  • BONUS SCHEME ACT
slide44

SOCIAL CONTROL

  • IT IS THE SUM OF THOSE METHODS BY WHICH A SOCIETY TRIES TO INFLUENCE HUMAN BEHAVIOUR TO MAINTAIN A GIVEN ORDER - MANHEIM
slide45

SOCIAL CONTROL

  • STABILITY OF SOCIAL GROUP
  • COMMUNITY RELATION
  • AND SHARED VALUES
slide46

NEED OF SOCIAL CONTROL

  • TO MAINTAIN SOCIAL ORDER
  • TO ESTABLISH A SOCIAL UNITY
  • TO REGULATE OR CONTROL INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOUR
  • TO CHECK CULTURAL MAL- ADJUSTMENT
slide47

MEANS OF SOCIAL CONTROL

  • INFORMAL MEANS
  • FORMAL MEANS
slide48

INFORMAL MEANS

  • BELIEF
  • SOCIAL SUGGESTION
  • IDEOLOGIES
  • FOLKWAYS
  • MORES
slide49

FORMAL MEANS

  • LAW
  • EDUCATION
  • COERCION
slide50

SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR HEALTH

  • INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY
  • COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY
  • THE STATE RESPONSIBILITY
  • INTERNATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY
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