South Carolina in the Early 1700s
South Carolina in the Early 1700s
South Carolina in the Early 1700s. 1729 King George I accepted the request to make SC a royal colony. The Thirteen Colonies. Changes in the Colony. SC would change in several ways after becoming a royal colony.
South Carolina in the Early 1700s
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South Carolina in the Early 1700s
1729 King George I accepted the request to make SC a royal colony
Slide 2 Slide 3 Changes in the Colony SC would change in several ways after becoming a royal colony. The economy would be benefited when the _____ of _____ increased subsides, which allowed higher profits, for naval stores Also, the Board allowed the colony to trade directly with foreign markets. This also increased rice profits Slide 4
Creation of a new colony out of the southern portion of SC.
Created for two reasons
As a ____ _____for protection from Spanish Florida.
As a prison colony for debtors.
Problems with the new colony
While it did create a sense of security for SC’s inhabitants, it also resulted in less land being available to South Carolinians.
Became a safe haven for runaway ______.
Created competition in ____ production.
Slide 5 Two Different South Carolinas
All early settlements in SC were built along the coast, so all the high quality infrastructure was located in the tidewater region of the ____ _______. Many of the most important colonists or “Downers” lived there, and it would be the most important region for many years. Home for most of wealthy plantation owners and exporters. Most of the representatives of the Assembly came from this region. Most of the slaves were located there. Where most of the wealth was located. Most of the law and _______ were located in the Low Country. Slide 6 That Other SC
Largest part of the colony. By the mid 1700s the majority of the white population was located here. Not well or fairly represented in the _________ until 1860. The majority of the population were poorer subsistence farmers. Would benefit when the Board of Trade created eleven townships to encourage settlements. The more settlers in the Up Country meant more protection from Indians. Not an easy place to live. ________ attacks were more frequent. To get anywhere they had to walk long distances on poor ______. Slide 7 Two Distinct Regions So different but one colony. The settlers had different cultural backgrounds. Farms were different in size. Level of Education was better in the Low Country. Courts and Law more abundant in the tidewater. Slide 8 The Regulator Movement Law and Order When there were few settlers there was little need for _______ and ______ in the Up Country. But with the creation of the _________ a population boom occurred. Drifters, outlaws, and horse thieves also boomed. ________ began to attack honest people and could not be brought to justice. Because most of the Assembly was from the ____________, the request for courts and sheriffs went unanswered. This is one of the biggest and earliest conflicts between the Up and the Low. Slide 9 The Up Country Strikes Back 1767 the Uppers had enough. Vigilantes began to provide justice as they saw fit. They were called ______________. Often abused justice and the rights of the accused. Some were wolves in sheep’s clothing. The Governor Montague tried to stop the Regulators First he condemned them, then asked for more ______ but nothing stopped them. Finally, the Assembly passed the _____________________. Established seven courthouses and sheriffs. Helped provide justice But, and this is a BIG BUT, Do you like BIG BUTS? It improved the moral of the Up Country Slide 10 It’s Your Turn You are a European settler arriving in SC in the 1700s. Where would you settle? What are the disadvantages? You are an Upper. You are upset that your pleas for justice have not been answered by the Assembly. You plan a protest march on the Assembly. Slide 11
Settlement of the _________ created problems with the _______.
The ______ still had hard feelings as a result of earlier Indian ___.
Slide 12 Building Alliances After the Yemassee War, SC and the resident Native Americans were at peace. However, trouble would begin in 1729 when French fur traders pushed the Cherokee for a treaty to trap on their lands The French were a major enemy of the British. The British in 1730 began negotiations for their own treaty with the Cherokee. The Cherokee signed a letter of friendship with the British. The Indians thought they were now allies and could count on the British to fight with them. The British thought that the Indians were now subjects of the King, and would now have to follow the King’s laws. Slide 13 A Lasting Peace??? Well… For almost 30 years the peace lasted The British did not take any of the Indians’ land in the west. The British even negotiated fairly so they could build 4 forts to protect them from the French and Spanish. 1755, the British and Cherokee sign the _____________________. The Cherokee agreed to recognize all British _____ as their leaders and turn over all of their lands. The British promised to stop the sale of ____, provide more Indian traders, and guarantee fairer _____ and better goods. In Indian Giver fashion, the British failed to follow through. Slide 14 War with the Cherokee The British Governor Lyttelton could not control the Indian traders and slowly the relationship fell apart. Instead of meeting with the Cherokee, Lyttleton embargoed the Indians, stopping all trade, in an attempt to force them to cooperate. In reaction, 1759 the Cherokee started attacking the Western settlements. 31 chiefs had gone to negotiate peace were held hostage at Fort Prince George. The Indians attacked the fort. For revenge the British killed all the hostages. Slide 15 Cherokees at War The Cherokee killed hundreds of the Uppers. A benefit of being a royal colony, 1200 British troops were sent to fight. They burned the Cherokee villages and crops, also killing the women and children. 1760, 1600 more troops were sent, they drove the Cherokee into the mountains. This brought the fighting to an end. Slide 16 The Treaty of Augusta 10 November 1763, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, and Choctaw signed the Treaty of Augusta. In exchange for a small reserve of land near Rock Hill, the Indians agreed to stop fighting and give up much of their land. Also a border line was to be drawn so that no whites could settle in the West. Proclamation of 1763 enforced this agreement. Slide 17 Paradise Lost All the problems could have been avoided had the British not failed to live up to their agreements. Cause by failure to negotiate fair prices, and ideas of land ownership. Each side had lost trust in the other.
It’s Your Turn!
What could have been done to avoid the bloodshed? Slide 18
A Changing Colony
The first _____ in the Americas were not slaves but Spanish explorers.
The First permanent Africans in the North America were indentured ____.
Later Africans were brought as indentured servants but eventually were held in s_____, because Indian ______ had not worked out.
Slide 19 Slavery in South Carolina Slavery in SC was different The first slaves were brought from Barbados. Large-scale slavery began in 1690s when economic success started. By 1700 there were a few thousand but, and this is a BIG BUT, by 1770 there were more than 80,000. The total population of SC at this time was only 130,000 The slavery was so cruel that there were slave rebellions Slide 20 The Stono Rebellion The most famous of all slave revolts in SC. Two causes Cruelty In 1738, a Spanish law offered freedom to any slave who escaped to ________. This law gave good reason for slaves to revolt or runaway Sixty slaves killed 20 white settlers The state militia killed 40 slaves Fearing future revolts the Assembly passed the slave code Set penalties for cruel treatment Put slaves under tighter control These actions did not stop all revolts but made it more difficult Slide 21 Education Education was different for different groups At first an educational system did not exist. The original reason for an education was so people could read the Bible. SC leaders believed it was the responsibility of the parents to educate. So only ______ children were educated. Slide 22 Free Schools??? Really??? The first free schools in SC required the students to pay a tuition. the only thing free about them was the land given for the schools to be built on. However, 12 needy children were to be educated for free. Even with the schools, many of the wealthy families sent there children to private schools. Poor families were less likely to send children to school at all. The parents were mostly illiterate and did not see the value of educating their children. Also, farmers needed their children home for help. The majority of the SC population would remain illiterate for most of the 1800s And most of my students show strong signs of it!!!!!! Many of the colonial attitudes toward education still exist in SC today! Slide 23 Education for Blacks Education was even less available for ______. Most slave owners did not want their ______ educated A slave who understood the concept of freedom may revolt or escape A racist belief that also existed that Blacks were incapable of learning. Some _______ organizations started educating slaves for the purpose of saving their souls. Slide 24 A Growing Population SC had one of the fastest growing populations of the British colonies. But, and this is a BIG BUT, it was not capable of sustaining the population until 1770. Cause being disease, Indian wars, infant mortality, and poor sanitation raised the killed rate. No forms of modern medicine to combat diseases. Children mortality rate was as high as 80 percent ¼-½ of adults who lived to be 20 were dead before 40 In some places death rates were higher than birth rates The really BIG OL’ BUT was that the population only grew because more immigrants and slaves kept arriving, raising the population.