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South Carolina in the Early 1700s. 1729 King George I accepted the request to make SC a royal colony. The Thirteen Colonies. Changes in the Colony. SC would change in several ways after becoming a royal colony.

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South Carolina in the Early 1700s

1729 King George I accepted the request to make SC a royal colony

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Thirteen Colonies

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Changes in the Colony

  • SC would change in several ways after becoming a royal colony.

    • The economy would be benefited when the _____ of _____ increased subsides, which allowed higher profits, for naval stores

    • Also, the Board allowed the colony to trade directly with foreign markets.

      • This also increased rice profits

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Creation of a new colony out of the southern portion of SC.


Created for two reasons

As a ____ _____for protection from Spanish Florida.

As a prison colony for debtors.

Problems with the new colony

While it did create a sense of security for SC’s inhabitants, it also resulted in less land being available to South Carolinians.

Became a safe haven for runaway ______.

Created competition in ____ production.

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Two Different South Carolinas

Low Country

  • All early settlements in SC were built along the coast, so all the high quality infrastructure was located in the tidewater region of the ____ _______.

    • Many of the most important colonists or “Downers” lived there, and it would be the most important region for many years.

      • Home for most of wealthy plantation owners and exporters.

      • Most of the representatives of the Assembly came from this region.

      • Most of the slaves were located there.

      • Where most of the wealth was located.

      • Most of the law and _______ were located in the Low Country.

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That Other SC

Up Country

  • Largest part of the colony.

    • By the mid 1700s the majority of the white population was located here.

      • Not well or fairly represented in the _________ until 1860.

    • The majority of the population were poorer subsistence farmers.

      • Fewer ________

    • Would benefit when the Board of Trade created eleven townships to encourage settlements.

      • The more settlers in the Up Country meant more protection from Indians.

  • Not an easy place to live.

    • ________ attacks were more frequent.

    • To get anywhere they had to walk long distances on poor ______.

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Two Distinct Regions

  • So different but one colony.

    • The settlers had different cultural backgrounds.

    • Farms were different in size.

    • Level of Education was better in the Low Country.

    • Courts and Law more abundant in the tidewater.

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The Regulator Movement

  • Law and Order

    • When there were few settlers there was little need for _______ and ______ in the Up Country.

      • But with the creation of the _________ a population boom occurred.

        • Drifters, outlaws, and horse thieves also boomed.

      • ________ began to attack honest people and could not be brought to justice.

    • Because most of the Assembly was from the ____________, the request for courts and sheriffs went unanswered.

      • This is one of the biggest and earliest conflicts between the Up and the Low.

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The Up Country Strikes Back

  • 1767 the Uppers had enough.

    • Vigilantes began to provide justice as they saw fit.

      • They were called ______________.

        • Often abused justice and the rights of the accused.

          • Some were wolves in sheep’s clothing.

      • The Governor Montague tried to stop the Regulators

        • First he condemned them, then asked for more ______ but nothing stopped them.

  • Finally, the Assembly passed the _____________________.

    • Established seven courthouses and sheriffs.

      • Helped provide justice

      • But, and this is a BIG BUT, Do you like BIG BUTS?

        • It improved the moral of the Up Country

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It’s Your Turn

  • You are a European settler arriving in SC in the 1700s.

    • Where would you settle?

    • What are the disadvantages?

  • You are an Upper. You are upset that your pleas for justice have not been answered by the Assembly. You plan a protest march on the Assembly.

    • Make a protest sign.

      • How do you feel?

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Indian Relations

Settlement of the _________ created problems with the _______.

The ______ still had hard feelings as a result of earlier Indian ___.

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Building Alliances

  • After the Yemassee War, SC and the resident Native Americans were at peace.

  • However, trouble would begin in 1729 when French fur traders pushed the Cherokee for a treaty to trap on their lands

    • The French were a major enemy of the British.

  • The British in 1730 began negotiations for their own treaty with the Cherokee.

    • The Cherokee signed a letter of friendship with the British.

      • The Indians thought they were now allies and could count on the British to fight with them.

      • The British thought that the Indians were now subjects of the King, and would now have to follow the King’s laws.

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A Lasting Peace??? Well…

  • For almost 30 years the peace lasted

    • The British did not take any of the Indians’ land in the west.

    • The British even negotiated fairly so they could build 4 forts to protect them from the French and Spanish.

  • 1755, the British and Cherokee sign the _____________________.

    • The Cherokee agreed to recognize all British _____ as their leaders and turn over all of their lands.

    • The British promised to stop the sale of ____, provide more Indian traders, and guarantee fairer _____ and better goods.

      • In Indian Giver fashion, the British failed to follow through.

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War with the Cherokee

  • The British Governor Lyttelton could not control the Indian traders and slowly the relationship fell apart.

    • Instead of meeting with the Cherokee, Lyttleton embargoed the Indians, stopping all trade, in an attempt to force them to cooperate.

      • In reaction, 1759 the Cherokee started attacking the Western settlements.

      • 31 chiefs had gone to negotiate peace were held hostage at Fort Prince George.

      • The Indians attacked the fort.

      • For revenge the British killed all the hostages.

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Cherokees at War

  • The Cherokee killed hundreds of the Uppers.

    • A benefit of being a royal colony, 1200 British troops were sent to fight.

      • They burned the Cherokee villages and crops, also killing the women and children.

  • 1760, 1600 more troops were sent, they drove the Cherokee into the mountains.

    • This brought the fighting to an end.

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The Treaty of Augusta

  • 10 November 1763, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, and Choctaw signed the Treaty of Augusta.

    • In exchange for a small reserve of land near Rock Hill, the Indians agreed to stop fighting and give up much of their land.

    • Also a border line was to be drawn so that no whites could settle in the West.

      • Proclamation of 1763 enforced this agreement.

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Paradise Lost

  • All the problems could have been avoided had the British not failed to live up to their agreements.

    • Cause by failure to negotiate fair prices, and ideas of land ownership.

      • Each side had lost trust in the other.

        It’s Your Turn!

      • What could have been done to avoid the bloodshed?

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A Changing Colony

The first _____ in the Americas were not slaves but Spanish explorers.

The First permanent Africans in the North America were indentured ____.

Later Africans were brought as indentured servants but eventually were held in s_____, because Indian ______ had not worked out.

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Slavery in South Carolina

  • Slavery in SC was different

    • The first slaves were brought from Barbados.

  • Large-scale slavery began in 1690s when economic success started.

    • By 1700 there were a few thousand but, and this is a BIG BUT, by 1770 there were more than 80,000.

      • The total population of SC at this time was only 130,000

        • The slavery was so cruel that there were slave rebellions

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The Stono Rebellion

  • The most famous of all slave revolts in SC.

    • Two causes

      • Cruelty

      • In 1738, a Spanish law offered freedom to any slave who escaped to ________.

        • This law gave good reason for slaves to revolt or runaway

  • Sixty slaves killed 20 white settlers

  • The state militia killed 40 slaves

  • Fearing future revolts the Assembly passed the slave code

    • Set penalties for cruel treatment

    • Put slaves under tighter control

      • These actions did not stop all revolts but made it more difficult

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  • Education was different for different groups

  • At first an educational system did not exist.

    • The original reason for an education was so people could read the Bible.

  • SC leaders believed it was the responsibility of the parents to educate.

    • So only ______ children were educated.

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    Free Schools??? Really???

    • The first free schools in SC required the students to pay a tuition.

      • the only thing free about them was the land given for the schools to be built on.

        • However, 12 needy children were to be educated for free.

    • Even with the schools, many of the wealthy families sent there children to private schools.

    • Poor families were less likely to send children to school at all.

      • The parents were mostly illiterate and did not see the value of educating their children.

      • Also, farmers needed their children home for help.

    • The majority of the SC population would remain illiterate for most of the 1800s

      • And most of my students show strong signs of it!!!!!!

    • Many of the colonial attitudes toward education still exist in SC today!

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    Education for Blacks

    • Education was even less available for ______.

    • Most slave owners did not want their ______ educated

      • A slave who understood the concept of freedom may revolt or escape

      • A racist belief that also existed that Blacks were incapable of learning.

    • Some _______ organizations started educating slaves for the purpose of saving their souls.

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    A Growing Population

    • SC had one of the fastest growing populations of the British colonies.

      • But, and this is a BIG BUT, it was not capable of sustaining the population until 1770.

        • Cause being disease, Indian wars, infant mortality, and poor sanitation raised the killed rate.

          • No forms of modern medicine to combat diseases.

        • Children mortality rate was as high as 80 percent

        • ¼-½ of adults who lived to be 20 were dead before 40

          • In some places death rates were higher than birth rates

        • The really BIG OL’ BUT was that the population only grew because more immigrants and slaves kept arriving, raising the population.