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Nutrition Building Blocks. MVPA TIME. MIX/STIR. SHAKE. POUND. ROLL. Nourish Yourselves!. Describe strategies to build healthy nutrition preferences in children and adults Empower adults to “choose” healthy foods and portions Explore attitudes, cultures and beliefs about food

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MVPA TIME

MIX/STIR

SHAKE

POUND

ROLL


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Nourish Yourselves!

  • Describe strategies to build healthy nutrition preferences in children and adults

  • Empower adults to “choose” healthy foods and portions

  • Explore attitudes, cultures and beliefs about food

  • Share creative ways to enjoy healthy foods



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NUTRITIONAL

AWARENESS

(Healthy eating and drinking)

Food and Drink Choices

Food and Drink Sources

Food and Drink Characteristics

Food and Drink Skills

Mealtime Behavior


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Nutritional Awareness

(Nutritional Awareness) “I am learning ABOUT healthy eating and drinking”

Food & Drink Choices

Healthy

Not So Healthy

Variety

Meals

Snacks

Culture

Food & Drink Sources

Animals Soil

Trees Plants

Mealtime Behaviors

Table setting

Chewing

Enjoying

Pacing

Portions

Manners

Food & Drink Characteristics

Color Shapes Smell

Texture Tastes Sizes

Flavors Temperatures

Crave Your

F.A.V.

Food & Drink Skills

Scrubbing Scooping Dipping

Mixing Stirring Spreading

Pouring Utensil Use Peeling

Tearing Storing Kneading

Breaking Washing Mashing

Slicing Rolling Measuring

Squeezing Snapping


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Associations between nutrition and...

  • Learning readiness

  • Academic achievement

  • Decreased discipline and emotional problems


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Make Peace at Meals

“Feeding children should be a shared responsibility…

the parent or caregiver is responsible for WHAT, WHEN and WHERE; the child is responsible for HOW MUCH and even WHETHER.”

Child of Mine: Feeding with Love and Good Sense

How to Get Your Kid to Eat – But Not Too Much

by Ellyn Satter, RD, MSW


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Feeding Children Well - Ellyn Satter, RD, MSW

  • Children will eat

  • Capable of self-regulation early in life

  • Generally react negatively to new foods but will usually accept them with time and experience

  • Parents and caregivers can either support or disrupt this process of self-regulation


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Food Preferences and Acceptance of New Foods

  • Repeated experiences with new foods increases both infants’ and 2-to-5-year-olds’ preferences for those foods

  • Tasting new foods promotes increased liking and eating; looking or smelling is not enough.

    - Leann L Birch, PhD,

    Center for Childhood Obesity Research

    Pennsylvania State University


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Adult Responsibility – Create the Right Start

  • Offer wholesome choices - plenty of color and a variety of nutritious foods

  • Provide pleasant, supportive environment for structured meals

  • Use age-appropriate setting and utensils

  • Stand aside and trust the child to regulate their energy intake


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Be Choosy, Be Nourished

  • Crave Your F.A.V. (Fruits & Veggies)

    • Applaud healthy appetites

    • Crave your colors

    • Plant and prepare

    • Let nature nourish you



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Something I Crave means something I like

It means I think about it everyday and night

Right now all I’m thinking about is my F.A.V.

My FAV , That’s Right

And I’ll tell you what it means

Whoo Hoo, the F is for the fruits and

Whoo Hoo, the V is for the vegetables


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When I crave my FAV

My heart feels better

When I crave my FAV

My bones get stronger

When I crave my FAV

My muscles get bigger

When I crave my FAV

My legs jump higher


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Alright, this time I want everybody in the room to

Sing out about their F.A.V

Their FAV

Fruits and vegetables!

Okay? Here we go

Whoo Hoo, the F is for the fruits and Whoo Hoo, the V is for the vegetables


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When I crave my FAV

My heart feels better

When I crave my FAV

My bones get stronger

When I crave my FAV

My muscles get bigger

When I crave my FAV

My legs jump higher

2x -repeat


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Be Choosy

Be Nourished

  • Shop the Sides

    • A little from the middle

    • Drive to the side

    • Parent power

    • Shop and show

    • Learn from labels


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Essential Nutrients - Iron

  • Brain cells need iron for energy and neurotransmitter production

  • Iron deficiency associated with delays in cognitive and motor development

  • Do nutritional assessments for all families (not just cultural or religious preferences)

  • Excessive milk intake (>24 oz/day)

  • Food insecurity


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What strategies work?

  • How do you educate adults and children to “Shop the Sides”?

  • How do you role-model healthy choices?

  • How do you “learn from labels”?


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Be Choosy Be Nourished

  • Drink Less Sugar

    • Be sugar free

    • Water your kids

    • Water your juice

    • Hydrate for health

    • Flavor your water

The rule of 2

Drink “2-glasses of H20” before 2 o’clock and

Drink “2-glasses of H20” after 2 o’clock


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Strategies that work?

  • How do you educate adults and children to “Drink Less Sugar”?

  • Are you watering your children and families?


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Attain a Healthy Weight

  • BMI growth charts (CDC)

    • at risk for overweight (85th - 95th percentile)

    • overweight (95th percentile and above)

  • Critical periods for long-term effects

    • “adiposity rebound” (4 to 7 years)


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Be Choosy Be Nourished

  • Think Tiny Tummies

    • Think small serving sizes (1 T/year of age)

    • Portion power

    • Don’t force feed

    • Keep trying

    • Balance is better

    • “New” nutrition

    • “Satiety”


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Family and Cultural Influences

  • Mother’s nutrition knowledge and health awareness

    • More important in preschool

    • Associated with reduced fat and saturated fat, higher fiber

  • Mother’s likes and dislikes


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Other Influences

  • Exposure to new foods (10 to 15)

  • Portion Sizes: 4-5 year olds are losing the ability to self-regulate; they eat what you put on their plates

  • Rigid control backfires



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Avoid Portion Distortion

How food portion sizes have changed in 20 years

From “Portion Distortion” by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute at http://hin.nhlbi.nih.gov/portion


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Larger Portions Add Up

10 pound weight gain per year

100 extra calories per day

Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act

Calories In = Calories Out


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Bagels Past & Present

20 Years Ago

Today

140 calories

3-inch diameter

350 calories

6-inch diameter

Calorie Difference: 210 calories


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Muffins Past & Present

20 Years Ago

Today

210 calories

1.5 ounces

500 calories

4 ounces

Calorie difference: 290 calories


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Popcorn Past & Present

20 Years Ago

Today

270 calories5 cups

630 calories11 cups

Calorie difference: 360 calories


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Coffee Past & Present

20 Years Ago

Coffee(with whole milk and sugar)

Today

Mocha Coffee(with steamed whole milk and mocha syrup)

45 calories

8 ounces

350 calories

16 ounces

Calorie difference: 305 calories


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Pepperoni Pizza

Past & Present

20 Years Ago

Today

500 calories

850 calories

Calorie difference: 350 calories


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Spaghetti and Meatballs Past & Present

20 Years Ago

Today

500 calories

1 cup spaghetti with sauce and 3 small meatballs

1,025 calories

2 cups of pasta with sauce and 3 large meatballs

Calorie difference: 525 calories


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Strategies that work?

  • How do you teach adults and children about appropriate portion sizes?

  • How do you partner with your community (e.g. school district) to address Performance Standards and USDA’s Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) Requirements?


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Lets make a healthy soup out of

yummy colors

When I say YELLOW is …

You say YUMMY

Yellow is – YUMMY!

Yellow is – YUMMY!

repeat


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Now peel your yellow bananas

peel your yellow corn

peel your yellow apple

Choosy’s in the kitchen getting things warm


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Now throw it in the pot

and stir the soup

Stir the soup

Stir the soup

(repeat 2x times)


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When I say GREEN is …

You say GREAT!

GREEN is – GREAT!

GREEN is – GREAT!

Repeat


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Now chop your green broccoli

Chop your green spinach

Chop your green pears

This will taste so good

when we are finished


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Now throw it in the pot

and stir the soup

Stir the soup

Stir the soup

(repeat 2x times)


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When I say REDreally…

You say …ROCKS!

RED really … ROCKS!

RED really … ROCKS!

Repeat


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Now pick your red cherries

pick your red beets

pick your red tomatoes

The healthy soup is ready to eat


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Now throw it in the pot

and stir the soup

Stir the soup

Stir the soup

(repeat 4x times)


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Be Choosy

Be Nourished

  • Chat ‘n’ Chew

    • Slow down

    • Do See Do

    • Family time

    • Pleasant please!

    • Turn it off


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Be Choosy

Be Nourished

  • Choosy Snacks

    • Planned snacking

    • Edible art

    • Make it easy


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Strategies that work?

  • How do you make a “healthy” choice the “easy” choice?

  • What is one thing you want to do to improve nutrition in your own life?


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8 Simple Rules to Build Healthy Food Habits

Recognize children’s appetites vary from day to day and meal to meal

Time meals and snacks to allow hunger, but not too much

Allow food jags to run their course

Don’t insist on the “Clean Plate Club”


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8 Simple Rules to Build Healthy Food Habits

5. Present food without comment about food likes and dislikes

6. Don’t use food as a reward (good food v. bad food)

7. Don’t bargain, bribe, lecture, shame, or threaten


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Rule # 8 Accept the Division of Responsibility

  • Your responsibility - provide healthy, wholesome food in a pleasant environment

  • The child’s responsibility - decide which foods to eat and how much


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I’m Learning WHAT WHAT WHAT

What What What

What my body needs

What my body needs

Like fruits… and veggies

I am Learning HOW, HOW, HOW

How, How, How

How to make my snacks

how to make my snacks

Like mixing … and chopping


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I’m Learning to Choose, Choose, Choose

Choose, Choose, Choose

Choose my healthy foods

Choose my healthy foods

Like fresh …With colors …

I am eating With, With, With

With, With, With

With my Choosy friends

With my Choosy friends

Now everybody dance and sing

Everybody dance and sing


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I’m Moving, I’m Learning

I’m Moving, I’m Learning

I’m Learning to CHOOSE and

I’m Choosing to like

Foods that are good for me

I’m Moving, I’m Learning

I’m Moving, I’m Learning

I’m Learning to CHOOSE and

I’m Choosing to like

Drinks that are going

to give me energy


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I’m Learning WHAT WHAT WHAT

What What What

What my body needs

What my body needs

Like milk … and water

I am Learning HOW, HOW, HOW

How, How, How

How to make my snacks

How to make my snacks

Like washing and peeling


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I’m Learning to Choose, Choose, Choose

Choose, Choose, Choose

Choose my healthy foods

Choose my healthy foods

Like Choosy … Like Choosy

I am eating With, With, With

With, With, With

With my Choosy friends

With my Choosy friends

Now everybody dance and sing

Everybody dance and sing


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I’m Moving, I’m Learning

I’m Moving, I’m Learning

I’m Learning to CHOOSE and

I’m Choosing to like foods

that are good for me

I’m Moving, I’m Learning

I’m Moving, I’m Learning

I’m Learning to CHOOSE and

I’m Choosing to like

drinks that are going

to give me energy


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