Modern Waste Management for Kosovo Workshop no 6 July 26 2007. Contractual and financial issues for waste management. Environmental Regulation. Why do we need environmental regulation?. Bhopal Union Carbide.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Modern Waste Management for KosovoWorkshop no 6 July 26 2007
Contractual and financial issues for waste management
Why do we need environmental regulation?
(Department of Food, Environment & Rural Affairs
Sets waste policy,
strategy and targets
ENVIRONMENT AGENCY (main body) & LOCAL PLANNING DEPARTMENT
Statutory consultee with
Develop test protocol,
Better Regulation, EC 2006
The present waste management system does not record data on waste generation, collection, treatment, recovery, and disposal in a comprehensive and structured way. Although about 90% of the urban population have garbage collection, it is generally of poor standard….. In contrast, less than 10% of rural areas are covered by garbage collection. The fee payment collection is very low (30-40 %). Out of a total of 29 municipal landfills, 26 are rehabilitated and the European Agency for Reconstruction (EAR) and other donors have supported the reconstruction or construction of 9 additional regional landfills (Kosovo Environmental Action Plan 2006-2010)
Principles embodied in all Central European countries:
…9 waste management districts (2 single municipalities)
Case study: Waste Management Council Western Tyrol
Waste collection (and similar services)
Private collection companies
€ per month
€ per t
Waste Management Council
Waste disposal (operation of landfill…)
How does the whole thing work there ?
5.Certain commercial and institutional waste generators may take back the responsibility for collection and disposal from the Municipality. They turn into "self-disposers".
6. The differentiation between
usually is done according to quality and/or amount.
…and what about regulation ?
Municipal waste fee – example Vienna
finances in addition to collection services (of residual waste and recyclables) other services like a infoline, free delivery of compost, etc.
top-up feeusually depending on volume
Tariff types 4 + 5 fulfil the request of providing an incentive to support the system´s policy (i.e. to use recycling opportunities…) but:A split-up of the fee in "basic (fixed)" & „top-up (variable) fee" is recommended.
…give no incentive eg. to recycle
2. Tariffs per household, considering also number of persons,
3. Tariffs depending on floorspace
are both difficult being administered (quality of data !)
4. Tariffs depending on volume
c) pre-paid bags (CH, A)
5. Tariffs depending on weight
…sophisticated systems with a few practical problems…
however, where the weight of a single waste load can be taken easily (commercial !), weight should be taken as tariff basis !
Source: KEAP, 2006
How can the public and the private sector work together for the good of all?
Example Macedonia (Source: NWMP)
And for Kosovo:How can the involvement of the private sector be facilitated in a controlled, beneficial and sustainable way? (…on a level playing field…)
MSW collection in Kosovo: Status quo
MSW collection in Kosovo: Status quo II
Green waste from gardens
What sorts of waste are we talking about ?
solid waste, not being hazardous waste, medical waste or toxic waste, from household, commercial, institutional or industrial sources and processed wastes.
Waste from households
C & D waste
Certain institutional sources (KFOR, UNMIK, …)
Certain industrial sources
There are more & less “profitable” waste streams…
Don´t miss opportunities: System-free collection of cardboard
So what to do ?
Final comments on the workshop´s day 2
1) Gross National Disposable Income 2) International Monetary Fund
Final comments on the workshop´s day 2
Thank you for your attention !