Introduction to Health Psychology . Christine L. Whitley. Reference. Health Psychology : Leslie R. Martin, M. Robin Dimatteo (Hardcover, 2001) ISBN: 0205297773. Positive Reinforcers : Stimuli that strengthen a response if they follow that response.
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Introduction to Health Psychology
Christine L. Whitley
Easy going, Nondepressed,
Nonsmoking, Regular exercise, Good nutrition
Level of social support
James D. Laird and Nicholas S. Thompson, Psychology. Copyright © 1992 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Reprinted by permission.
MAJOR SOURCES OF MENTAL DISORDERSMunson, Carlton E. (2001) The Mental Health Diagnostic Desk Reference: visual guides and more for learning to use the Diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM-IV-TR), 2nd Edition, Binghamton,NY: Haworth Press, p.39
(“Yikes! This is
Panic, freeze up
(tough math test)
(“I’ve got to apply
all I know”)
Raw information from the senses
The process through which people take raw sensations from the environment and give them meaning, using knowledge, experience, and understanding of the world.
Elements of a sensory system
Perception = passive process
Ex. Sweet =) chocolate, cold =)snow, …
CEREBRAL CORTEX receives input and produces the sensation and perception
ENERGY contains information
Accessory structure modifies energy
Sensory NERVES transfer the coded activity to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
THALAMUS processes and relays the neural response
Receptor TRANSDUCES energy into a neural response
gaining positive incentives and avoiding negative ones
(group) kill each other and… die
we (humanity) die
1) Prevention is a proactive process which focuses on capacity-building for individuals, families, institutions, and organizations-- including specifically identified high-risk individuals and/or groups within the population.
2) Prevention is an active process of creating conditions and personal attributes that promote the well-being of people.
Prevention strategies may operate in the host, (e.g., individual, group), the agent, (e.g., alcohol, cocaine), or the environment, (e.g., university campus, city).