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Incident Command System (ICS) - Review -. Steve Prziborowski. Incident Command System Definition. An Incident Management System using: a common organizational structure assigned incident resources stated objectives. Elements of an effective Incident Management System.

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Incident command system ics review l.jpg

Incident Command System(ICS)- Review -

Steve Prziborowski


Incident command system definition l.jpg
Incident Command SystemDefinition

  • An Incident Management System using:

    • a common organizational structure

    • assigned incident resources

    • stated objectives


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Elements of an effective Incident Management System

  • Suitable for use regardless of jurisdiction or agency involved

  • The organizational structure must be able to adapt to an incident regardless of how complicated

  • Expandable in a logical manner from initial response to a major emergency so as not to have one plan for "everyday" use and a separate plan for "the big one”

  • Basic common elements in organization, terminology, and procedures


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The Incident Command System (ICS) as a Management Tool

  • Ensures Unity of Command in that each individual participating in the operation only reports to one supervisor.

  • Provides a standard set of terms for communicating designation of resources and facilities. Plain English is used rather than 10-codes.

  • Lines of authority provide for lines of communication. This means that the right people receive the proper messages because all communications follow the chain.

  • Provides for Span of Controlwhich is the number of subordinates one supervisor can manage effectively

    (3-7 with 5 preferred).


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ICS as a Management Tool(cont.)

  • Has all-risk design. Confusion is reduced by the fact that the same methods are used regardless of the type of situation and agencies involved.

  • Provides for safety of personnel. All persons are accounted for and efforts are coordinated in a manner which provides for the safety of all persons.

  • Provides for modular expansion. As either the incident enlarges or additional resources become available, span of control continues to meet the needs.

  • Improved resource utilization. With a clear organizational structure, each resource can concentrate on its assignment and eliminate duplication of effort.


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ICS should be used for all incidents…not just the “big ones”.

  • Why?



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OPTIMUM SPAN OF CONTROL IS ONE TO FIVE


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Branch

  • That organizational level having functional or geographic responsibility for major segments of incident operations (such as Air Ops, Service or Support).

  • The Branch level that is organizationally between Sections and Divisions/ Sectors/Groups (>5).


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THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF BRANCHES

BRANCHESMAINTAIN SPAN OF CONTROL

Geographic

Branches


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BRANCHES (continued)

LOGISTICS SECTION CHIEF

SERVICE BRANCH

SUPPORT BRANCH

Ground Support Unit

Communications Unit

Functional

Branches

Facilities Unit

Medical Unit

Supply Unit

Food Unit


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7

A

6

5

C

4

B

3

2

1

DIVISIONSWill always divide an Incident geographically

STRUCTURE

INCIDENT

HAZMAT OR WILDFIRE

INCIDENT


Geographic divisions l.jpg

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS:

OUTER

INNER

PERIMETER

PERIMETER


Groups l.jpg
GROUPS

  • POOL SPECIALIZED RESOURCE TEAMS

    or

  • ESTABLISH FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF OPERATION




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In ICS, common terminology is applied to:

  • Organizational elements:

    • Sections, Units, Divisions, etc.

  • Position Titles:

    • Officers, Chiefs, Leaders, Managers

  • Resources:

    • Engine, Truck, Tanker, Crew, Dozer

  • Facilities:

    • Base, Helispot, Camp, ICP, Helibase


  • Ics integrated communications l.jpg
    ICS Integrated Communications

    COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

    FREQUENCY AND RESOURCE USE PLANNING

    INFORMATION TRANSFER PROCEDURES


    Clear text l.jpg
    Clear Text“

    • The use of plain English in radio communications transmissions.

    • No Ten Codes, or agency specific codes are used when using clear text.


    Two ways to organize incident command l.jpg
    TWO WAYS TO ORGANIZE INCIDENT COMMAND

    A

    B

    A

    C

    SINGLE

    COMMAND

    UNIFIED COMMAND


    Managing an incident using unified command l.jpg

    A

    C

    B

    MANAGING AN INCIDENT USING UNIFIED COMMAND

    UNIFIED COMMAND

    A

    B

    C

    OBJECTIVES AND

    STRATEGY INCIDENT

    ACTION PLAN

    OPERATIONS

    SECTION CHIEF

    HAZMAT

    INCIDENT

    DIV. A

    DIV. B

    DIV. C


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    Under Unified Commandthere will always be:

    • A single, coordinated IAP

    • One Ops Section Chief

    • One Incident Command Post

    • A Unified Ordering Point


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    Reasons to Transfer Command

    • More qualified person assumes command.

    • A jurisdiction or agency change in command legally required or makes good management sense

    • Normal turnover of personnel on long or extended incidents.


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    Upon arrival at the Incident a Higher Ranking Officer shall:

    1. ASSUME COMMAND or

    2. MAINTAIN COMMAND or

    3. REASSIGN COMMAND to a third party or

    4. FILL ANOTHER ICS POSITION


    Transfer of command briefing l.jpg

    What have we got

    What do we need

    Basically the who, when, where, what, why

    Incidents current status & prognosis?

    The plan of action?

    Current strategy/tactics

    Any resources at scene, enroute and / or ordered?

    Current ICS structure

    Any related issues or concerns?

    Basically the info from the ICS 201 Form

    TRANSFER OF COMMAND BRIEFING


    Slide30 l.jpg

    INCIDENT

    COMMANDER

    INFORMATION

    LIAISON

    SAFETY

    COMMAND

    STAFF

    PLANNING

    FINANCE

    OPERATIONS

    LOGISTICS

    THE COMMAND STAFF:

    7-12



    Incident commander responsibilities l.jpg
    Incident CommanderResponsibilities

    • The individual responsible for the management of all incident operations.

      • Establishes a command organization.

      • Assesses situation, determines scope of incident, and prioritizes the problem.

      • Evaluates overall strategy on a continual basis.

      • Directs activities and maintains communications with Command Staff, Plans, Logistics, and Operations.


    Incident commander major responsibilities and duties l.jpg
    INCIDENT COMMANDER MAJOR RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES

    • Keep agency administrator informed of incident status

    • Approve the use of students, volunteers, and auxiliary personnel

    • Authorize release of information to the news media

    • Order the demobilization of the incident


    Ic establishes the immediate priorities l.jpg
    IC - ESTABLISHES THE IMMEDIATE PRIORITIES

    FIRST PRIORITY IS INCIDENT SAFETY

    • People involved in incident

    • Responders

    • Other emergency workers

    • Bystanders


    Ic establishes the immediate priorities36 l.jpg
    IC - ESTABLISHES THE IMMEDIATE PRIORITIES

    SECOND PRIORITY IS INCIDENT STABILIZATION

    • Protect the public

    • Sufficient kinds of resources?

    • Sufficient sized organization?


    Command staff l.jpg
    Command Staff

    • They report directly to the Incident Commander

    INFORMATION

    OFFICER

    SAFETY

    OFFICER

    LIAISON

    OFFICER



    Safety officer responsibilities l.jpg
    Safety OfficerResponsibilities

    • A Command Staff member responsible for monitoring and assessing safety hazards, unsafe situations, and developing measures for ensuring personnel safety.

      • Identify existing and potential hazards

      • Keep all personnel informed of existing and potential hazards

      • Correct unsafe acts or conditions and exercise emergency authority to prevent unsafe acts when immediate action is needed

      • Investigate accidents within the incident area


    Liaison officer l.jpg
    Liaison Officer

    • Several agencies will be sending personnel

    • IC can no longer provide sufficient time for all representatives

    • Two or more jurisdictions may be involved


    Agency representative l.jpg
    Agency Representative

    • An individual assigned from an assisting or cooperating agency who has been delegated full authority to make decisions on all matters affecting that agency’s participation.

    • Agency Representatives report to the Liaison Officer.


    Information officer l.jpg
    Information Officer

    • Responsible for interface with the media or other appropriate agencies requiring information directly from the scene.

    • Member of the Command Staff.


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    THE GENERAL STAFF:

    INCIDENT

    COMMANDER

    PLANNING

    FINANCE

    OPERATIONS

    LOGISTICS

    GENERAL STAFF POSITIONS

    07-17



    Operations chief responsibilities l.jpg
    Operations ChiefResponsibilities

    • Responsible for all tactical operations at the incident.

      • Supervises emergency operations

      • Establishes communication procedures with IC and subordinates

      • Determines need for immediate and anticipated resources

      • Requests periodic progress reports from Division/Group Supervisors


    Ics resource status conditions l.jpg

    “AVAILABLE”

    (Within 3 Minutes)

    ICS RESOURCE STATUS CONDITIONS

    “OUT OF SERVICE”

    (usually mechanical reasons)

    “ASSIGNED”

    (or “Committed”)


    Personnel accountability maintained through the use of l.jpg

    PERSONNEL ACCOUNTABILITY MAINTAINED THROUGH THE USE OF:

    CHECK-IN FORM

    RESOURCE STATUS

    KEEPING SYSTEM

    UNITY OF COMMAND


    Personnel accountability is also maintained through l.jpg

    DIVISION A

    DIVISION C

    UNIT LOG

    UNIT LOG

    DIVISION B

    UNIT LOG

    UNIT LOG

    PERSONNEL ACCOUNTABILITYIS ALSO MAINTAINED THROUGH :

    DIVISION / GROUP

    ASSIGNMENT

    LISTS

    UNIT LOGS


    Technical specialists l.jpg
    Technical Specialists

    • Personnel with special skills who are activated only when needed. Technical Specialists may be needed in the areas of fire behavior, water resources, environmental concerns, resource use, or training.

    • Technical Specialists report initially to the Planning Section but may be assigned anywhere within the ICS organizational structure as needed.


    Incident action plan or iap l.jpg
    Incident Action Plan “or IAP

    • The strategic goals, tactical objectives, and support requirements for the incident.

    • All incidents require some form of an Action Plan!

    • For simple incidents the Action Plan is not usually in written form.

    • Large or complex incidents will require that the Action Plan be documented in writing.



    Communications networks that may be required l.jpg
    COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS THAT MAY BE REQUIRED

    • Command Net

    • Tactical Nets

    • Support Net

    • Ground-to-air

    • Air-to-air

    02-17


    Slide56 l.jpg

    INCIDENT

    COMMAND

    POST

    • Location where primary command functions are performed

    • Only one per incident

    • May be located with other facilities (plans, base)

    • Normally not relocated

    • The communications center is often located with the ICP

    • The incident commander will be at the ICP


    Response guidelines l.jpg
    RESPONSE GUIDELINES:

    • Assemble or update a travel kit

    • Prepare personal items you will need

    • Review your emergency assignment

    • Know to whom you will report and what your responsibility will be

    • Ensure that family members know your destination and how to contact you

    06-03.1


    Information needed prior to departure for incident assignment l.jpg
    INFORMATION NEEDED PRIOR TO DEPARTURE FOR INCIDENT ASSIGNMENT

    • Incident type and name or designation

    • Incident check-in location & time

    • Travel instructions

    • Communications instructions

    • Resource order number & request number

    • Your unit’s radio designation

    06-04


    Incident check in locations l.jpg
    INCIDENT CHECK-IN LOCATIONS ASSIGNMENT

    • Incident Command Post: - Resources Unit

    • Base Or Camp(s)

    • Staging Areas

    • Helibase

    06-06.1


    For direct tactical assignments report to your l.jpg

    DIVISION / GROUP SUPERVISOR OR OPERATIONS SECTION CHIEF OR INCIDENT COMMANDER

    FOR DIRECT TACTICAL ASSIGNMENTS REPORT TO YOUR:

    However, at the end of first operational period, ensure that you have checked in at the

    Appropriate check-in location!

    06-06


    Resource status keeping systems l.jpg

    RESOURCE STATUS KEEPING SYSTEMS INCIDENT COMMANDER

    CREWSOH A/C

    T-Cards

    E 2466

    Incinet & ROSS


    Resource management in i c s l.jpg
    RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN I.C.S INCIDENT COMMANDER.

    STRIKE TEAM

    Combination of same

    Kind and type

    TASK FORCES

    Combination of

    Single resources


    Kinds of resources l.jpg

    KINDS INCIDENT COMMANDEROF RESOURCES:

    Overhead

    Crews

    Equipment

    Aircraft


    Types of engines l.jpg

    TYPES INCIDENT COMMANDEROF ENGINES:

    TYPE1

    TYPE 3

    Pass around the FOG...


    Advantages to resource typing l.jpg
    ADVANTAGES TO RESOURCE INCIDENT COMMANDERTYPING

    • Helps plan for resource needs

    • In ordering resources

    • In monitoring effectiveness of resource use


    Ways of ordering resources l.jpg
    WAYS OF ORDERING RESOURCES INCIDENT COMMANDER

    • AS ASINGLE RESOURCE (1-onion)

    • AS ATASK FORCE (various veggies)

    • AS A STRIKE TEAM (5 lbs of onions)


    Examples of a single resource l.jpg

    EXAMPLES OF A INCIDENT COMMANDERSINGLE RESOURCE


    Example of a mixed resources to form a task force l.jpg

    EXAMPLE OF A INCIDENT COMMANDERMIXED RESOURCESto form aTASK FORCE:


    Requirements to be a strike team l.jpg
    REQUIREMENTS TO BE A INCIDENT COMMANDERSTRIKE TEAM:

    • Samekind and type of resources

    • Must have a leader

    • Communications between resources and leader

    • Must have transportation (as required)

    • Operates within span of control limits (3-7)


    Summary considerations l.jpg
    SUMMARY CONSIDERATIONS INCIDENT COMMANDER

    • Correct / report harassment or discrimination

    • Do not use alcohol or drugs

    • Represent agency & self professionally

    06-12


    Questions l.jpg
    Questions? INCIDENT COMMANDER


    Contact information l.jpg
    Contact Information INCIDENT COMMANDER

    • Steve Prziborowski

    • 408-205-9006 - cellular

    • [email protected]

    • www.code3firetraining.com website


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