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In this lesson we will be exploring the work of the emergency services and how to cope with minor medical emergencies.
What is a volunteer?
A volunteer is a person who chooses to do something.
A volunteer does not expect payment for what he or she does.
DID YOU KNOW THAT:
The volunteer crews of the 233 RNLI lifeboat
stations in Britain save an average of 21 people a day!
Volunteer NSVL Lifeguards help hundreds of
people every year.
Often putting their
own lives at risk!
You might think that you will never need rescuing ……
but how well do you know the rules of the beach?
Can you spot the dangers ……
before they get out of hand?
Are you a good swimmer?
Don't overestimate your swimming ability or overdo it. If you do become tired, however, backstroke or float. If you get cramp, massage the affected area and change strokes often.
Avoid cold water! Swimming in cool water for long periods may increase the risk of hypothermia. This is a lowering of body temperature to a point where body heat is lost faster than it's made.
Now … supposing you have been rescued from an accident on the beach or at sea … you might need urgent treatment at
The faster you can get there, the greater your chances of survival!
In some parts of the country charities have been set up to provide an air ambulance service for the benefit of the community.
County Air Ambulance Shropshire/West Midlands
Helicopters can fly direct, avoiding traffic jams, at a speed of over 150 mph to wherever help is needed.
Picture by London Air Ambulance.
In response to 999 calls, the Kent Air Ambulance is able to take a medical crew to the scene of an accident or medical emergency, and transport patients to the nearest suitable hospital in a fraction of the time taken by a land ambulance.
The service costs just over £4,000 a day. It is always on call, 7 days a week, flying up to a thousand missions a year.
The charity needs to raise around £1.5 million every year to maintain the service.
Click here to find out more about Kent Air Ambulance
Some Air Ambulances carry doctors. If not, at least one member of the crew will be a trained paramedic.
Paramedics have to be highly skilled and able to treat and stabilise patients before moving them and flying to the hospital without unnecessary delay.
They need to be able to make decisions quickly, and to maintain a sense of calm to reassure the patients and those accompanying them.
Paramedics often carry out tests to find out the extent of the patients’ injuries and undertake basic medical procedures during the flight.
EQUIPMENT CARRIED ON A HELICOPTER:
Stiff neck collars
Inside the cabin of the Thames Valley and Chiltern Air Ambulance
The very first person on the scene of an accident is unlikely to be a paramedic or a doctor.
One day it may be you who has the opportunity to save a life, or to help someone make a quick recovery!
Go-Givers, would you know what to do in an emergency?
How much do you know
about First Aid?
How many points can you
score on this quiz?
Click for Electronic version
If the casualty has a nose bleed do you ask
Sit the patient down with the head well forward and loosen any tight
clothing around the neck and chest.
Tell the patient to pinch the sides of their nose together and breathe
through their mouth for between 10 - 20 minutes.
Tell the patient to spit any fluid out rather than swallow, as this may
disturb the clot and cause the casualty to feel sick.
Advise the patient not to touch or blow their nose for several hours
after bleeding has stopped. This will prevent disturbance of the clot
which might cause further bleeding.
If the bleeding does not stop, seek medical help.
If bleeding from the nose is a result of a blow to the head, it could be
a symptom of a fracture of the skull. The patient will need urgent
attention from a doctor.
If the patient has been stung by a bee
If there is a sting left in the skin, remove it with a pair
of tweezers. Hold the tweezers as close to the skin as
possible and pull the sting out. Avoid squeezing the sack
at the top of the sting as this will force more poison into
Apply a cold compress (a packet of frozen would do fine)
to the site of the sting to reduce the pain and swelling.
If a bite is more serious, then bleeding will have to be
controlled by putting pressure on it.
Some people are particularly sensitive to bee stings, and
may suffer a severe allergic reaction. If this is the case
professional medical help should be sought immediately.
After cleaning a wound should you dress it
Cuts and Grazes
Rinse the wound under cold running water until it is
In the case of grazes, where there may be dirt and
germs present, further clean the wound by using wet
cotton wool. Always clean away from the centre of the
Dry the area around the wound and place a clean
dressing over it. Never dress a wound with cotton wool
or anything fluffy.
The area of skin which has been burnt or
scalded should be treated by:
Burns and Scalds
Cool the burnt area immediately by holding the injured
part under cold running water for at least 10 minutes to
reduce the pain and to limit the extent of the burn. This
will remove the heat from the injury and can help
prevent scarring. If this is not possible, plunge the
injured part in a bowl of cold water.
Quickly, but carefully, remove any rings, watches, and
tight clothing from the injured area before any swelling
Protect the injury by placing a sterile dressing over it,
large enough to cover the area completely without the
dressing sticking to the injury.
If there are any blisters, do not attempt to burst them.
If an accident occurs on a road should you:
Accidents on the Road
When administering First Aid you need to assess the
situation very quickly. Give yourself time to stop, look and
listen, so that you can take in the circumstances.
Before moving a patient it is important to ensure there is
no injury to the spine. Stop the traffic rather than moving
them and risking a permanent injury.
You will not have time to await a response from an agency
like the AA at this point in time!
If an accident occurs involving electricity
Accidents involving electricity
Switch off the electricity immediately. The current may
still be passing through the patient’s body.
Do not touch the patient. You may get an electric shock
When tending to the person who is injured,
Reassuring the Patient
Talking to the patient is the first step in reassuring
someone who is injured, and possibly anxious and confused.
Talk in a quiet but confident way. Reassure them that
help is on its way. Comfort them with a gentle pat on the
Check their hand to see if they are warm enough.
If everybody keeps calm it will make it easier to
administer First Aid.
How well did you do?
Activities to complete this lesson include:
Rate this lesson here.
Click on the image above to view and/or download learning activities.
You Can't Buy Anything with a Penny!
Case studies of children who have initiated successful fundraising campaigns. How to start your own fundraising initiative.
Prevention is Better than Cure
How tragedies can be avoided if preventative measures are taken. Safety in the home, school etc. Why humans need to take risks.
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