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Domo problem: Limitation of universal symbols? MURAKOSHI, Shin Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University. Time for Japanese lesson. There is useful expression “domo” in Japanese. Domo arigatou gozaimasu: thank you very much Domo sumimasen: I am very Sorry

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Domo problem: Limitation of universal symbols? MURAKOSHI, Shin Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University

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Domo problem:

Limitation of universal symbols?

MURAKOSHI, Shin

Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University


Time for Japanese lesson

There is useful expression “domo” in Japanese.

Domo arigatou gozaimasu:

thank you very much

Domo sumimasen:

I am very Sorry

You can use, abbreviated form “domo”,for just greeting, appreciation, and apology.

But...


1. map use and communication effectiveness of map


1.1 map use

navigation, analysis, summarization,

visualization, and spatial thinking (Robinson, et al., 1995)


1.2 map use in navigation?

* process and three stages of navigation

Location identification

keeping track

route planning


Where we are now?


Environment

reality

map

Recognized

reality


1.3 communication effectiveness

Simplification

interpretation

Classification

Map making

Map

effectiveness

Map use

exaggeration

Analysis

reading

symbolization

Selection

(Robinson, 1995)


2. Using ISOM in different environment

We have been using ISOM, especially rigid since 1998 when we started mapping for WC 2000 under different environment where ISOM has developed.


2.1 comparison of environment

Geology: old orogenic zone/ new orogenic zone

Climate: Cfb Marine west coast vs Cfa (Subtropical

Humid in summer

Cultural difference


2.2 Examples of consequence

1) marsh

2) Stone monument

3) Hatched green/ light green

4) open area

4) chacoal burning pit


Marshes


Stone monument and tomb


Hatched green/light green


?

Different environments demand different classification


Open area


Chacoal burning pit


Domo problem in mapping

As mappers….

Classification ambiguity and difficulty.

As runners...

Interpretation, and thus relocation difficulty


3. Conclusion

1) Mappers and runners are facing classification and interpretation problem. This might be one of essential problem for orienteering sport from cognitive point of view

2) Universal (seemingly context free ) symbols makes the problem harder, which designer of map specification should aware of.


The end

Is ISOM

suitable for body?


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