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Country report: CLEAN TECHNOLOGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN SURINAME. HORIZONTAL COOPERATION PROGRAM CONCYTEC-PERU. Cornel Wijngaarde Faculty of Technology Anton de Kom University of Suriname JULY 14, 2004. Summary. Country Background Clean Technology Mining sector Bauxite Gold Oil

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Country report:CLEAN TECHNOLOGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGYIN SURINAME.HORIZONTAL COOPERATION PROGRAMCONCYTEC-PERU

Cornel Wijngaarde

Faculty of Technology

Anton de Kom University of Suriname

JULY 14, 2004


Summary l.jpg
Summary

  • Country Background

  • Clean Technology

    • Mining sector

      • Bauxite

      • Gold

      • Oil

  • Lumber industry

  • Agriculture

  • Renewable Energy

  • Conclusion

  • Recommendations

  • Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Background l.jpg
    Background

    • Population: ± 450,000

      Indians(35%), Creole(32%), Javanese(15%), Maroons(10%), Indigenous people, Chinese & others

    • Language: Dutch

      lingua franca: Sranan Tongo

    • Climate

      Temp: 27-320 C, humidity ≥ 80%,

      4 seasons (short / long rainy season

      and short / long dry season)

    • Geomorphology; formations:

      • Young coastal Demerara

      • Old coastal Coropina

      • Savannah belt Zanderij

      • Interior

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Use of clean technology and renewable energy in suriname l.jpg

    Agriculture

    Rice

    Bananas

    Fruits and vegetables

    Flowers

    In study:

    Cashew

    Aqua culture (schrimp,

    red tilapia)

    Use of CLEAN TECHNOLOGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY in SURINAME

    Main natural resources

    • Bauxite

    • Gold

    • Oil

    • Tropical forest

    • Fish

      In study:

    • Kaolin

    • Natural stone

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Use of clean technology in the mining sector l.jpg

    Bauxite

    Only Multinationals: ALCOA, BHP-Billiton

    Export product (Alumina)

    70% of export income

    ISO 9001:2000 certified

    Pollution under control

    Environmental threat (mining-industry)

    Gold

    Second largest export product

    US$ 27.8 x106

    Multinational: Cambior

    Use of cyanide

    Pollution under control

    Environmental threat

    SME’s:

    Use of mercury ( ± 20 ton)

    15,000 – 20,000 workers

    direct impact on 50.000 people

    Uncontrolled environmental threat, because of illegal mining and no regulations

    Use of Clean Technology in the Mining sector

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Artisanal goldmine workers

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Artisanal goldmine worker with sluice box l.jpg
    Artisanal goldmine worker with sluice box

    No mercury recycling at the end of sluice box

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Gold after burning

    Collected Amalgam

    Burning of Amalgam

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Artisanal mineworkers camp l.jpg
    Artisanal mineworkers camp

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Traditional house with zinc roof l.jpg

    New style village-houses

    Traditional house with zinc roof

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Environmental destruction by artisanal gold miners

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Affected areas

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Natural situation

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Situation in the Oil industry

    One State Oil Company

    • ISO 9001:2000 certified

    • Daily production: ± 12,000 barrels

    • Crude oil with low sulphur content

    • Only onshore production

    • Offshore exploration in collaboration with spanish multinational Rapsol

    • Third largest export product

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Situation in the forest industry l.jpg
    Situation in the Forest industry

    • Most forest products for local lumber industry and export

      (export 1st half 2002: ± US$ 3.3 x 106 )

    • University/Celos forest exploration guidelines in preparation according to Celos Management System (CMS)

    • CMS already applied in Brasil by former researcher

    • Wood waste not optimal processed to by-products (plywood) or for electricity generation; most is burned

      Potential as co-generation

    • Threat from gold- and bauxite mining

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Situation in agriculture agribusiness sector l.jpg
    Situation in Agriculture/Agribusiness sector

    • Use of legalized chemical pesticide

    • 53,000 ha cultivated land(90% of total) for rice and banana production

    • Most paddy-driers are oil-fired

    • Rice husk is burned

    • Banana stump is burned or buried

    • Few food- and fruit processing SME’s

    • Export US$ 18,5 x 106

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Renewable Energy

    • Urban electrification by hydro- and diesel power plant (daily peak 100 MW)

    • Rural electrification by diesel-power plants (40-60-110 kW)

    • PV systems in villages only for telecommunication, lighting or water pumping (40-200 Wp)

    • Biggest PV system (20 kWp) in a hybrid system with diesel

      generator(50 kW) for telecommunication station

    • Pilot project for PV system for village (± 50kWp ) failed

    • Solar energy for heating and drying is seldom used

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Small pv system for lavatory in tourist camp l.jpg
    Small PV-system for lavatory in tourist camp

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Pv system 20 kw p for telecom hybrid system l.jpg
    PV system(20 kWp) for telecom (hybrid system)

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Actual situation diesel aggregate l.jpg
    Actual situation- Diesel aggregate

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Renewable Energy (cont’d)

    • Micro-Hydro power:

      • Plant nearby eco-tourism village (base-load 5 kW, peak 20 kW)

      • Plant (1981) is out of order (peak 40 kW)

      • More sites suitable (total ± 500 kW)

    • Wood waste and rice husk co-generation possibility (total ± 3 MW)

    • Earlier rice husk gasification project failed (320 kW)

    • No wind energy

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Poketi micro hydro power plant 40 kw l.jpg
    Poketi micro-hydro power plant (40 kW)

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Possible site for micro hydro power plant l.jpg
    Possible site for micro-hydro power plant

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Test laboratory for micro pico water turbines at the university of suriname l.jpg
    Test laboratory for micro & pico water turbines at the University of Suriname

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


    Conclusion l.jpg
    Conclusion University of Suriname

    • Clean technology is urgent needed in small scale gold mining

    • SME ’s in agriculture sector all are using legalized chemical products

    • SME’s in food and fruit processing industry are not really a threat for the environment

    • Plastic waste products needs attention

    • Renewable energy has low contribution in public electrification

    • Wind energy exploration in process

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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    Recommendations University of Suriname

    Transfer of technology and research in:

    • mercury and cyanide free gold mining

    • non-chemical pesticide

    • solid waste management

    • renewable energy, especially wind energy, biomass and micro-hydro power

    Suriname report "Clean technology ..."


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