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Country report: CLEAN TECHNOLOGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN SURINAME. HORIZONTAL COOPERATION PROGRAM CONCYTEC-PERU

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Country report: CLEAN TECHNOLOGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN SURINAME. HORIZONTAL COOPERATION PROGRAM CONCYTEC-PERU. Cornel Wijngaarde Faculty of Technology Anton de Kom University of Suriname JULY 14, 2004. Summary. Country Background Clean Technology Mining sector Bauxite Gold Oil

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Country report:CLEAN TECHNOLOGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGYIN SURINAME.HORIZONTAL COOPERATION PROGRAMCONCYTEC-PERU

Cornel Wijngaarde

Faculty of Technology

Anton de Kom University of Suriname

JULY 14, 2004

summary
Summary
  • Country Background
  • Clean Technology
      • Mining sector
          • Bauxite
          • Gold
          • Oil
      • Lumber industry
      • Agriculture
  • Renewable Energy
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

background
Background
  • Population: ± 450,000

Indians(35%), Creole(32%), Javanese(15%), Maroons(10%), Indigenous people, Chinese & others

  • Language: Dutch

lingua franca: Sranan Tongo

  • Climate

Temp: 27-320 C, humidity ≥ 80%,

4 seasons (short / long rainy season

and short / long dry season)

  • Geomorphology; formations:
    • Young coastal Demerara
    • Old coastal Coropina
    • Savannah belt Zanderij
    • Interior

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

use of clean technology and renewable energy in suriname
Agriculture

Rice

Bananas

Fruits and vegetables

Flowers

In study:

Cashew

Aqua culture (schrimp,

red tilapia)

Use of CLEAN TECHNOLOGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY in SURINAME

Main natural resources

  • Bauxite
  • Gold
  • Oil
  • Tropical forest
  • Fish

In study:

  • Kaolin
  • Natural stone

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

use of clean technology in the mining sector
Bauxite

Only Multinationals: ALCOA, BHP-Billiton

Export product (Alumina)

70% of export income

ISO 9001:2000 certified

Pollution under control

Environmental threat (mining-industry)

Gold

Second largest export product

US$ 27.8 x106

Multinational: Cambior

Use of cyanide

Pollution under control

Environmental threat

SME’s:

Use of mercury ( ± 20 ton)

15,000 – 20,000 workers

direct impact on 50.000 people

Uncontrolled environmental threat, because of illegal mining and no regulations

Use of Clean Technology in the Mining sector

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

artisanal goldmine workers
Artisanal goldmine workers

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

artisanal goldmine worker with sluice box
Artisanal goldmine worker with sluice box

No mercury recycling at the end of sluice box

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

collected amalgam

Gold after burning

Collected Amalgam

Burning of Amalgam

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

artisanal mineworkers camp
Artisanal mineworkers camp

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

traditional house with zinc roof

New style village-houses

Traditional house with zinc roof

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

environmental destruction by artisanal gold miners
Environmental destruction by artisanal gold miners

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

affected areas
Affected areas

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

natural situation
Natural situation

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

situation in the oil industry
Situation in the Oil industry

One State Oil Company

  • ISO 9001:2000 certified
  • Daily production: ± 12,000 barrels
  • Crude oil with low sulphur content
  • Only onshore production
  • Offshore exploration in collaboration with spanish multinational Rapsol
  • Third largest export product

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

situation in the forest industry
Situation in the Forest industry
  • Most forest products for local lumber industry and export

(export 1st half 2002: ± US$ 3.3 x 106 )

  • University/Celos forest exploration guidelines in preparation according to Celos Management System (CMS)
  • CMS already applied in Brasil by former researcher
  • Wood waste not optimal processed to by-products (plywood) or for electricity generation; most is burned

Potential as co-generation

  • Threat from gold- and bauxite mining

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

situation in agriculture agribusiness sector
Situation in Agriculture/Agribusiness sector
  • Use of legalized chemical pesticide
  • 53,000 ha cultivated land(90% of total) for rice and banana production
  • Most paddy-driers are oil-fired
  • Rice husk is burned
  • Banana stump is burned or buried
  • Few food- and fruit processing SME’s
  • Export US$ 18,5 x 106

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

renewable energy
Renewable Energy
  • Urban electrification by hydro- and diesel power plant (daily peak 100 MW)
  • Rural electrification by diesel-power plants (40-60-110 kW)
  • PV systems in villages only for telecommunication, lighting or water pumping (40-200 Wp)
  • Biggest PV system (20 kWp) in a hybrid system with diesel

generator(50 kW) for telecommunication station

  • Pilot project for PV system for village (± 50kWp ) failed
  • Solar energy for heating and drying is seldom used

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

small pv system for lavatory in tourist camp
Small PV-system for lavatory in tourist camp

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

pv system 20 kw p for telecom hybrid system
PV system(20 kWp) for telecom (hybrid system)

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

actual situation diesel aggregate
Actual situation- Diesel aggregate

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

renewable energy cont d
Renewable Energy (cont’d)
  • Micro-Hydro power:
    • Plant nearby eco-tourism village (base-load 5 kW, peak 20 kW)
    • Plant (1981) is out of order (peak 40 kW)
    • More sites suitable (total ± 500 kW)
  • Wood waste and rice husk co-generation possibility (total ± 3 MW)
  • Earlier rice husk gasification project failed (320 kW)
  • No wind energy

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

poketi micro hydro power plant 40 kw
Poketi micro-hydro power plant (40 kW)

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

possible site for micro hydro power plant
Possible site for micro-hydro power plant

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

test laboratory for micro pico water turbines at the university of suriname
Test laboratory for micro & pico water turbines at the University of Suriname

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Clean technology is urgent needed in small scale gold mining
  • SME ’s in agriculture sector all are using legalized chemical products
  • SME’s in food and fruit processing industry are not really a threat for the environment
  • Plastic waste products needs attention
  • Renewable energy has low contribution in public electrification
  • Wind energy exploration in process

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

recommendations
Recommendations

Transfer of technology and research in:

  • mercury and cyanide free gold mining
  • non-chemical pesticide
  • solid waste management
  • renewable energy, especially wind energy, biomass and micro-hydro power

Suriname report "Clean technology ..."

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