The Conservative Counterrevolution in the Era of Reagan and Bush and The Policy Uncertainty of the Clinton Administration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The Conservative Counterrevolution in the Era of Reagan and Bush
1 / 22

  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Pets / Animals

The Conservative Counterrevolution in the Era of Reagan and Bush and The Policy Uncertainty of the Clinton Administration. Text: The Reluctant Welfare State By: Bruce Jansson Reporters: Chic Gunderson Loida ruane. Reagan Administration:1980-1988. Ascendancy of conservatism

Related searches for The Conservative Counterrevolution in the Era of Reagan and Bush and The Policy Uncertainty of the Clinton Administration

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentationdownload

The Conservative Counterrevolution in the Era of Reagan and Bush and The Policy Uncertainty of the Clinton Administration

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Slide1 l.jpg

The Conservative Counterrevolution in the Era of Reagan and BushandThe Policy Uncertainty of the Clinton Administration

Text: The Reluctant Welfare State

By: Bruce Jansson

Reporters: Chic Gunderson

Loida ruane

Reagan administration 1980 1988 l.jpg

Reagan Administration:1980-1988

  • Ascendancy of conservatism

    • Promoted the concept that social programs had not solved poverty

    • Did not favor social programs to aid the poor

    • Social spending was incompatible with economic growth

    • Did not support federal civil rights

Factors that contributed to the ascendancy of conservatism l.jpg

Factors That Contributed to the Ascendancy of Conservatism

  • Declines strengths of Democrats

  • White backlash led to widespread opposition to affirmative action

  • Continuing shift of population to the suburbs

  • Maturing of war-baby generation

Legitimation of conservatism l.jpg

Legitimation of Conservatism

  • Conservative ideology emerged

  • Conservative think-tank established

  • National TV show: ”Firing Line” presented conservative views

  • Top positions in government given to conservatives

  • Criticism of intellectuals to Democratic Party and Great Society reform

  • Grassroots following within fundamentalist religious groups

  • Formation of New Religious-Political Right (NRPR)

The triumph of conservatism l.jpg

The Triumph of Conservatism

  • Three themes of obsession of Reagan

    1. Lower Taxes

    2. Increase Defense

    3. Social Spending Reduction

Lower taxes l.jpg

Lower Taxes

  • 1981: Economic Recovery Tax Act (ERTA)

    - Reduced personal and corporate taxes

  • Tax reform in 1986

    - Drastically reduced the tax rate of

    affluent Americans

    - Encourage economic activity

    *Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) of 1981

    - Deep tax cuts in social spending and increase in military spending.

Increase defense l.jpg

Increase Defense

  • “We’re not building missiles to fight a war. We’re building missiles to preserve peace.” – Reagan

    OBRA of 1981

    Defense budget: 1980 - $142B

    1986 - $ 368b

Social spending reduction l.jpg

Social Spending Reduction

  • Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) 1981

    - Eliminated 57 social programs and folding them into 7 block grants

    - 1983: Social Security amendments increase retirement age and reduce some benefits

    - Steward Mckinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987: focus was on construction of shelters

Bush administration 1988 1992 l.jpg

Maintained defense a priority.

Modest tax increase in 1990

Minimal increase in social spending

Civil Rights Act of 1991: Anti-discrimination Act

Rodney King case: forced Bush to provide allocation for inner-city programs

Bush Administration: 1988 - 1992

Legacy of reagan and bush l.jpg

Legacy of Reagan and Bush

  • $4.5 trillion federal debt

  • Deficit: Reagan $50B/yr while Bush had $352 B in 1992

  • Economic situation of the poor worsened

  • Erosion of real value of paycheck

  • Over-all tax rates of the poor and working person increased

  • Many affluent Americans increased their wealth

  • Labor force was gender segregated.

Social problems l.jpg

Social Problems

  • Lack of medical insurance

  • Homelessness

  • AIDS

  • Growing economic inequality

  • Poor schools

  • Poverty in the inner cities

  • Family violence

  • Feminization of poverty

  • Gang warfare

Outgroups l.jpg


  • People of Color

  • Immigrants

  • Gay men and lesbians

  • People with disabilities

  • Women

  • Children

  • Aging Americans

  • Homeless

Social work profession l.jpg

Social Work Profession

  • Private practice

  • Advocacy

Clinton administration 1992 2000 l.jpg

Clinton Administration: 1992 – 2000

  • The Clinton Presidency: The first two years

  • 1992: Clinton won the election without a mandate

    - 3-way race, Perot siphoned votes

    - Tried to institute liberal policies.

    - Social investments

    - Health reforms and others

    - Resurgent Republican minority

    - Aligned with moderate and conservative Democrats

    - Americans tired of government gridlock

    - Made many errors in this period

Slide15 l.jpg


  • Clinton announces tax increases and spending cuts

  • Places Hillary in charge of task force to develop health reform proposal

  • Family and Medical Leave Act enacted

  • Signs the Omnibus Reconciliation Bill, which cuts the deficit, raises taxes, and increases the EICT

  • Clinton presents ambitious plan to reform health care

  • North America Free Trade Agreement enacted

  • Federal policy on gays in the military is modified

Slide16 l.jpg


  • Congress enacts legislation that makes it a federal crime to intimidate abortion clinic workers and clients by force or threat of force

  • Crime Bill enacted

  • Some republican leaders issue contract with America

  • Republicans obtain control of both Houses of Congress

The third year the newt gingrich era l.jpg

The Third Year: The Newt Gingrich Era

  • 1994: victories of both Houses by conservative Republicans and their “Contract with America”

  • Clinton gave in to most of Republican budget demands

  • Spending cuts analogous to Reagan only Congress not President

  • Clinton successful in slowing down Newt’s agenda

Slide18 l.jpg


  • Congress enacts Omnibus Reconciliation Act which seeks to eliminate the entitlement status of AFDC, Medicaid, and Food Stamps

  • Clinton vetoes Omnibus Reconciliation Act as well as specific appropriation bills

  • Government shuts down

  • Citizens blame Congress not President

Slide19 l.jpg


  • Clinton wins reelection landslide over Dole

  • Budget stalemate between Clinton and Congress continues

  • Enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities act

  • Domestic discretionary spending remained capped

  • Reelection helps Democrat regain seats

  • Welfare reform predicted to cause millions of children to fall deeper into poverty

Slide20 l.jpg


  • Balanced Budget Act enacted with extension of caps on discretionary spending

  • Impeachment of Bill Clinton

Slide21 l.jpg


  • Emergence of federal budget surpluses

  • Resignation of Newt Gingrich announced

Outgroups22 l.jpg


  • Affirmative action

  • Immigrants

  • Children

  • Women

  • Gays and lesbians

  • Login