Alcoholism
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Alcoholism Myths Definitions & Models Effects of Alcohol Use Social Characteristics Theories of Alcoholism Treatment Approaches Myths Most alcoholics are skid-row bums Mixing drinks makes you drunk faster Black coffee or cold showers can sober you up

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Presentation Transcript
Alcoholism l.jpg
Alcoholism

  • Myths

  • Definitions & Models

  • Effects of Alcohol Use

  • Social Characteristics

  • Theories of Alcoholism

  • Treatment Approaches


Myths l.jpg
Myths

  • Most alcoholics are skid-row bums

  • Mixing drinks makes you drunk faster

  • Black coffee or cold showers can sober you up

  • Beer drinkers are less likely to become alcoholics

  • Sex is better after a few drinks


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What is alcoholism?

  • World Health Organization (1952)

  • “Alcoholics are those excessive drinkers whose dependence upon alcohol has attained such a degree that it shows an interference with their bodily and mental health, their interpersonal relations and their smooth social & economic functioning.”


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Dr. Don Goodwin (1991)

  • Alcoholism involves a compulsion to drink, causing damage to self & others.


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1. I have often taken a drink when I get up in the morning.

2. I deliberately tried to cut down or quit drinking but couldn’t.

3. Once I started drinking it was difficult to stop before becoming intoxicated.

4. I have had a quick drink when no one was looking.

5. I skipped meals when drinking.

6. I’ve woken up not remembering things I did while drinking.

7.I lost a job or nearly lost one because of drinking

8. My drinking contributed to getting hurt in an accident.

9. A physician suggested I cut down on drinking

10. I have missed work/school because of a hangover.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism (1991)


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Stages of Alcoholism

  • Introductory Stage

  • Early, Forewarning Stage

  • Middle Crucial Stage

  • Final Chronic Stage


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Conditions of Alcoholism

  • Consumption of large quantities over an extended period.

  • Psychological dependence

  • Physical addiction

  • Alcohol-related problems


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Effects of alcohol

  • Short-term (individual)

  • Long-Term (individual)

  • Social Effects

  • Crime & Alcohol


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Social Profile

  • Gender & Age

  • Race & Ethnicity

  • Religious Affiliation

  • Socio-economic status

  • Region


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Theories of Alcoholism

  • Genetic Theories:

  • “A” gene

  • Blushing response

  • The Alcoholic Personality

  • Sociological Theories – degree of fit


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Controlling alcohol use & abuse

  • Legal measures

  • Prohibition

  • Age limits

  • Therapeutic approaches

  • AA

  • Rational recovery


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