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World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). Proposed by delegates to the ITU Plenipotentiary Meeting in 1998 Endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly as a multi-sectoral approach UN global summit under the high patronage of the Secretary General Two-Phase:

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World summit on the information society wsis l.jpg

World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)

  • Proposed by delegates to the ITU Plenipotentiary Meeting in 1998

  • Endorsed by the United Nations General Assembly as a multi-sectoral approach

  • UN global summit under the high patronage of the Secretary General

  • Two-Phase:

    • Geneva in December 2003 will adopt a Declaration of Principles and Action Plan

    • Tunis in 2005 will assess progress and refine the Action Plan with a focus on development

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)

"To develop a common vision and understanding of the Information Society, to better understand its scope and dimensions and to draw up a strategic plan of action for successfully adapting to the new society"

  • Proposed themes for WSIS:

    • Access to ICTs for all

    • ICTs as tools for social and economic development

    • Confidence and security in the use of ICTs

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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WSIS and ICANN

  • Why Summit?

    • Development and ICT – with UN MDG (Millennium Development Goals)

    • Social impacts of ICT deepening

    • Reform UN system

    • “ICANN” (or DNS/IP Address management) became center of focus on Internet Governance

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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Why ICANN became the biggest focus at WSIS process

  • Civil Society/NGO circle

    • Agree with the status quo or Not

    • Not open to citizens enough (AtLarge issues)

    • Amongst the Governments

    • (Private) International Organization or Formal Intergovernmental Organization

  • Frustrations from developing countries

    • China, South Africa, Brazil, Egypt….

    • US makes the control and enforce the framework

    • Not sufficient participation by governments, especially from developing countries

    • NO formal role by governments (at GAC), just advisory

    • ccTLD and National Sovereignty issues

  • ITU interested in being involved

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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Original Draft (May 03)

"44. Management of Internet names and addresses: Internet governance must be multilateral, democratic and transparent, taking into account the needs of the public and private sectors as well as those of the civil society, and respecting multilingualism. The coordination responsibility for root servers, domain names, and Internet Protocol (IP) address assignment should rest with a suitable international, inter-governmental organization. The policy authority for country code top-level-domain names (ccTLDs) should be the sovereign right of countries."

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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Debate by Governments

  • Inter-Governmental Organization

    • China, South Africa, Brazil, India, Kenya

  • Private sector to lead:

    • EU, Canada, Australia, US, Japan…

  • NGOs could participate at WG discussion, not in formal negotiation at the plenary

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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Final Draft Declaration

[44. International Internet management:

The international management of the Internet should be democratic, multilateral, transparent and participative with the full involvement of the governments, intergovernmental organizations, private sector and civil society. This management should encompass both technical and policy issues. While recognizing that the private sector has an important role in the development of Internet at the technical level, and will continue to take a lead role, the fast development of internet as the basis of information society requires that governments, take a lead role, in partnership with all the other stakeholders, in developing and coordinating policies of the public interests related to stability, security, competition, freedom of use, protection of individual rights and privacy, sovereignty, and equal access for all, among all the other aspects, through appropriate [intergovernmental/ international] organizations.]

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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Draft Action Plan #33

  • 33 Internet governance: Internet governance has emerged as a key issue of the information society. A transparent, multilateral and democratic governance of the Internet shall continue the basis for the development of a global culture of cyber-security. An [international/intergovernmental] organization should ensure multilateral, democratic and transparent management of root servers, domain names and Internet Protocol (IP) address assignment.

  • ,

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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More to come

  • PrepCom3 – Sep 15-26

  • PrepCom4?

  • Geneva Summit: Dec 10-12

  • Tunisia Summit: Nov, 2005

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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Thank you and See you online

Izumi Aizu

Asia Network Research/GLOCOM

アジアネットワーク研究所

<[email protected]>

Izumi Aizu & Adam Peake: CONGO/ACSF, Bangkok, December 10, 2002


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