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Nanotechnology Documentary Standards Activities Ajit Jillavenkatesa Standard Services Division NIST April 30, 2008. USG Driver: The National Nanotechnology Initiative. Source: The National Nanotechnology Initiative Strategic Plan, Dec. 2007. USG Investment In Nano.

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Nanotechnology Documentary Standards Activities

Ajit Jillavenkatesa

Standard Services Division

NIST

April 30, 2008


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USG Driver: The National Nanotechnology Initiative

Source: The National Nanotechnology Initiative Strategic Plan, Dec. 2007


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USG Investment In Nano

Collective agency funding (in millions of dollars) reported since inception

of the NNI (2008 figure: estimated, 2009 figure: requested)

Source: NNI: Second Assessment and Recommendations of the

National Nanotechnology Advisory Panel


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Setting The Scene

  • Drivers include:

    • International cooperation and collaboration

    • Increased awareness of health, safety and environmental issues

    • Potential regulatory interests

    • Pressing need for agreed upon terminology, exposure limits/levels, test methods, etc.


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Setting The Scene (contd.)

  • Drivers (contd.)

    • Commercialization of R&D

    • International trade

    • Desire to stake out territory

    • Be the first out of the gate


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International Standardization Activities (ISO TC229)

  • ISO TC 229: Nanotechnologies – established 2004

    • Chair and Sec. with UK

    • 30 P members and 10 O members

    • Four working groups:

      • JWG 1: Terminology and nomenclature (Canada- Chair)

      • JWG 2: Measurement and characterization (Japan- Chair)

      • WG 3: Health, Safety and Environmental Aspects of Nanotechnologies (USA – Chair)

      • WG 4: Material Specification


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International Standardization Activities (ASTM E56)

  • Established 2004

    • Scope: 1) The development of standards and guidance for nanotechnology & nanomaterials, and 2) the coordination existing ASTM standardization related to nanotechnology needs.

    • Six sub-committees:

      • E56.01 Terminology & NomenclatureE56.02 Characterization: Physical, Chemical, and Toxicological PropertiesE56.03 Environment, Health, and SafetyE56.04 International Law & Intellectual PropertyE56.05 Liaison & International CooperationE56.90 ExecutiveE56.91 Strategic Planning and Review


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International Standardization Activities (ASTM E56)

  • Terminology standard E2456 available

    • Free download

    • Cooperative agreements with IEEE, ASME, NSF International, AIST (Japan), SEMI, AIChE

  • Focus on characterization of nanomaterials and handling of nanomaterials (EHS aspects)


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International Standardization Activities (OECD)

  • 30 countries

  • Output includes publications, recommendations (that sometimes form the basis for regulations in some countries), decisions and standards

  • Current nanotechnology work in:

    • Committee on Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP)

    • Chemicals Committee (WPMN)

  • US participation in WPMN led by EPA

  • US participation in CSTP led by State/OES


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International Standardization Activities (IEC TC 113)

  • IEC TC 113: Nanotechnology standardization for electrical and electronics products and systems – established 2006

    • Secretariat: Germany, and Chair: US

    • US TAG administered by NEMA

    • Emphasis on strong liaison with ISO TC 229

    • TC to be held at NIST in Nov. 08


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International Standardization Activities (IEC TC 113)

  • 3 working groups ( 2 Joint WGs with ISO TC229)

    • WG 3: Performance of Nanomaterials for Electrotechnical Components and Systems

    • JWG 1:Terminology and Nomenclature (ISO TC 229 lead)

    • JWG 2: Measurement and characterization (ISO TC 229 lead)


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International Standardization Activities (IEEE)

  • Standards activities under IEEE Nanotechnology Council

  • Standards address materials, devices and system-level interoperability

  • IEEE Nanoelectronics Standards Roadmap now available for public comments- can be downloaded from IEEE’s website

  • Anticipatory standards philosophy


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Pulling It All Together

Pressing questions about nanotechnology standards development:

  • Identifying standardization priorities?

    • There are multiple standards needs roadmaps

    • There are competing priorities between fundamental characterization standards, standards to enable trade, standards in support of potential technical regulations


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Pulling It All Together

Pressing questions about nanotechnology standards development:

  • What is the impact of competition amongst SSOs?

    • There is enough work to go around for everyone

    • There are limited numbers of technical experts- time and resource issues

    • Competition may impact the lead time for standards development

      • ensuring that there is no overlap, duplication

      • limited available expertise

      • cross-referencing

      • administrative and legal issues

  • Multiple venues for standards development - requires careful coordination of USG participation to ensure greatest impact


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What Does This Mean- The Big Picture?

Pressing questions about nanotechnology standards development:

  • Uncoordinated standards development could potentially lead to incompatible standards

  • Global relevance

  • Adequate fundamental knowledge to develop standards in some areas?


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What Does This Mean- Questions For USG Agencies

  • USG agency priorities

  • Where do USG agencies participate

  • Resources to support participation

  • Proactive positions vs. reactive realities

  • Consumer demands


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Contact Information & Resources

Ajit Jillavenkatesa: [email protected]

Mary Saunders:[email protected]

Weblinks of interest

NNI: www.nano.gov

ISOTC229:http://www.iso.org/iso/standards_development/technical_committees/list_of_iso_technical_committees/iso_technical_committee.htm?commid=381983

ASTM E56: http://www.astm.org/COMMIT/COMMITTEE/E56.htm

NIST-ISO-IEC-OECD workshop: http://www.standardsinfo.net/info/livelink/fetch/2000/148478/7746082/index.html

OECD-WPMN: http://www.oecd.org/department/0,3355,en_2649_37015404_1_1_1_1_1,00.html


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