The financing of the vocational education.
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The Primary and the Secondary education received in the vocational schools and lyceum in Bulgaria are regulated by the Law for the popular education, the Law for the level of education, the general educational minimum and the school planning and the state educational demands as well as by the Law for the vocational education. The system of the vocational education includes the vocational orientation and the vocational education.
The vocational education aims: the receiving of the professional
It is made on the basis of Frame Programs in order to achieve vocational qualification.
For the students the programs are as followed:
The general theoretical education are followed by a practical education and professional qualification which must be at least 40% of the whole education. The vocational education is made in a educational-center of practice in the schools, in centers for vocational education and in the enterprises.
The bodies of the National Agency for vocational education and orientation are:
The regional inspectorates for education belonging to the Ministry of education and science make the state policy in the field of vocational education in the region.
The Ministry of labour and social affairs defines the conditions for the development of the vocational education in connection with the development of the labourmarket.
The Ministry of health participates in the making of the List of professions and defines the chronicaldeseases and physical disabilities which are not in accordance with the vocational education. It regulates the conditions for the education and practice through the State Health control. The ministries in the different branches participate in the elaboration of the list of professions and the state standards for the different professions.
The municipalities participate in the elaboration of the policy in the field of the vocational education in the regions concerning :
The union branch organizations;
Financing of the vocational education and orientation is done as follows:
The subsidies from the state budget and the budget of the municipalities assure the financial possibilities for:
The state and municipal institutions in the system of the vocational education make a separate budget.
The National agency for vocational education is financed with the resources from the state budget, by own resources,sponsors,donations,testaments and others.The National Agency for vocational education gathers taxes for giving licenses for the vocational education and orientation, on the basis of regulations given by the Council of ministers.
The financing of the vocational education out of the state, professional standards as well as the practice organized in the state and municipal schools and centers for vocational education is done with finances paid by physical individuals on the basis of contracts.
The reforms in our country in this field are very slow and not always in the good direction.We need a national debate for defining a whole strategy about the vocational education and its better adaptation to the labor market which is one of the main objectives of this kind of education.