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Scholarpedia: an Open Access peer reviewed encyclopedia. Bertil F. Dorch, editor The Royal Library / Copenhagen University Library Honorary associate professor The Niels Bohr Institute Copenhagen University. Content. Introduction: Wiki culture Scholarpedia philosophy

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scholarpedia an open access peer reviewed encyclopedia

Scholarpedia: an Open Access peer reviewed encyclopedia

Bertil F. Dorch, editor

The Royal Library / Copenhagen University Library

Honorary associate professor

The Niels Bohr Institute Copenhagen University

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

content
Content
  • Introduction: Wiki culture
  • Scholarpedia philosophy
  • A working example of Open AccessThe Encyclopedia of Astrophysics

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

introduction wiki culture
Introduction: Wiki culture

We are living in a Web X culture (X ~ 2.something)

    • Web > 1 technology available to scholars (and nerds)
    • Success criteria: Easy, democratic, everything is online

It’s a wiki world

    • Wikipedia 2001 (Jimmy Wales & Larry Sanger)
      • Rival Encyclopedia Britannica (e.g. Nature, 2005)
    • Wikimedia Foundation 2003 (Florida → CA 2008)
    • MediaWiki software 2003
      • Open Source, easy to use & setup, uses PHP + MySQL
  • Wikipedia siblings: Controlled wiki encyclopedias
    • Negative spin on Wikipedia: Abuse, reliability issues
    • New wiki initiatives: Citizendium, Enzclopedia etc.

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

www scholarpedia org
www.scholarpedia.org

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

scholarpedia philosophy
Scholarpedia philosophy
  • Nobel Laureates and Fields Medalists
    • Leon Coopercontributes BCM Rule
    • Gerald Edelmancontributes Neural Darwinism
    • RiccardoGiacconicontributesCosmicX-raySources*
    • Donald A. GlasercontributesBubbleChamberwhichheinvented
    • Clive Grangerwrote the history part and reviewedGrangerCausality
    • Paul C. Lauterburcontributed MRI
    • John C. MathercontributesCosmicBackground Explorer *
    • Rita Levi-Montalcinicontributes Nerve Growth Factor
    • Erwin NehercontributesPatchClamp
    • Myron S. ScholescontributesBlack-ScholesFormula
    • Charles TownescontributedLaserwhichheinvented
    • John Milnor contributed Attractor (Fields Medalist)
    • Steve Smalecontributed Smale Horseshoe (Fields Medalist)
    • Terence Tao contributed Szemerédi\'s Theorem (Fields Medalist)
  • + and 45 articleswithtitles = the name of theirauthor

Scholarpedia idea

  • Build on successes of Wikipedia and correct problems
  • Not only controlled content, but high quality content

 high profile authors = leading experts or original authors

  • Implementing academic standards: Traditional & new
    • Peer review (by actual peers, rather than e.g. editors)
    • Invitations and elections of authors earning scholar indices
    • Short review articles (with outbound references) that are curated

Wiki environment

  • Easy for curators, editors, reviewers (referees)
  • Semi-automatic
    • Handling of invitations of authors and referees
    • Handling of the review process (editing, discussing, approving)

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

scholarpedia numbers
Scholarpedia numbers

Number of registered people: > 3,000

Number of curators: almost 1,000

Number of reserved articles: > 1,000

Number of finished articles: ~ 400

Number of editors: 23

Number of Nobel Laureate authors: 11

Number of Encyclopedias: 4

Number of Editors-in-chief: 1

Number of USD on budget: 0

… but sponsors are wanted

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

scholarpedia physically
Scholarpedia, physically

Editor-in-chief and founder: Dr. Eugene M. Izhikevich

Curriculum Vitae

  • 1967 Born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1992 M.S. in Applied Mathematics, Lomonosov Moscow State University,
  • 1996 Ph.D. in Mathematics, Michigan State University, Michigan
  • 1996-2000 postdoc and then visiting professor, Department of Mathematics, Center for Systems Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona
  • 2000-2005 Associate Fellow in Theoretical Neurobiology, The Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California
  • 2005-present Senior Fellow in Theoretical Neurobiology, The Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

encyclopedia of astrophysics
Encyclopedia_of_Astrophysics

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

the scholarpedia encyclopedia of astrophysics
The Scholarpedia Encyclopedia of Astrophysics

Working example of Open Access !

History

  • Scholarpedia began in early 2006 (Encyclopedia of Comp. Neurosci.)
  • Yours truely wrote article for The Encyclopedia of Dynamical Systems

→ Category on Fluid Dynamics branched into Computational Astrophysics (Category Editor, early 2007)

→ Encyclopedia of Computational Astrophysics? Na, better go directly to Astrophysics (+ more an more sub-categories and sub editors)

  • Overlap with Dynamical Systems (sharing articles)

Examples of how it works, looks and feels…

  • Viewing an article (as an unregistered user)
  • Registrering as a user (to contribute, not to read)
  • From the author’s point of view
  • Editor’s point of view

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

example of a finished articles short reviews
Example of a finished articles (short reviews)

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

example of a finished articles short reviews11
Example of a finished articles (short reviews)

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

example registering as a user
Example: Registering as a user

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

example of editing an articles
Example of editing an articles

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

example managing referees and inviting authors
Example: Managing referees and inviting authors

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

the end
The End

Scholarpedia articles

Dorch (2007) Magnetohydrodynamics. Scholarpedia, p.10322

Izhikevich (2006) Main Page. Scholarpedia, p.1286

  • OA peer reviewed media is easy to work with
    • The software is for free and the editorial “staff” is for free

→ Nothing comes entirely for free, though 

Looking for sponsors…

For increased computer capacity

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007

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