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Scholarpedia: an Open Access peer reviewed encyclopedia. Bertil F. Dorch, editor The Royal Library / Copenhagen University Library Honorary associate professor The Niels Bohr Institute Copenhagen University. Content. Introduction: Wiki culture Scholarpedia philosophy

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Scholarpedia an open access peer reviewed encyclopedia l.jpg

Scholarpedia: an Open Access peer reviewed encyclopedia

Bertil F. Dorch, editor

The Royal Library / Copenhagen University Library

Honorary associate professor

The Niels Bohr Institute Copenhagen University

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007


Content l.jpg
Content

  • Introduction: Wiki culture

  • Scholarpedia philosophy

  • A working example of Open AccessThe Encyclopedia of Astrophysics

Copenhagen University Library

Seminar on Open Access 2007


Introduction wiki culture l.jpg
Introduction: Wiki culture

We are living in a Web X culture (X ~ 2.something)

  • Web > 1 technology available to scholars (and nerds)

  • Success criteria: Easy, democratic, everything is online

    It’s a wiki world

  • Wikipedia 2001 (Jimmy Wales & Larry Sanger)

    • Rival Encyclopedia Britannica (e.g. Nature, 2005)

  • Wikimedia Foundation 2003 (Florida → CA 2008)

  • MediaWiki software 2003

    • Open Source, easy to use & setup, uses PHP + MySQL

  • Wikipedia siblings: Controlled wiki encyclopedias

    • Negative spin on Wikipedia: Abuse, reliability issues

    • New wiki initiatives: Citizendium, Enzclopedia etc.

  • Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


    Www scholarpedia org l.jpg
    www.scholarpedia.org

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


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    Scholarpedia philosophy

    • Nobel Laureates and Fields Medalists

      • Leon Coopercontributes BCM Rule

      • Gerald Edelmancontributes Neural Darwinism

      • RiccardoGiacconicontributesCosmicX-raySources*

      • Donald A. GlasercontributesBubbleChamberwhichheinvented

      • Clive Grangerwrote the history part and reviewedGrangerCausality

      • Paul C. Lauterburcontributed MRI

      • John C. MathercontributesCosmicBackground Explorer *

      • Rita Levi-Montalcinicontributes Nerve Growth Factor

      • Erwin NehercontributesPatchClamp

      • Myron S. ScholescontributesBlack-ScholesFormula

      • Charles TownescontributedLaserwhichheinvented

      • John Milnor contributed Attractor (Fields Medalist)

      • Steve Smalecontributed Smale Horseshoe (Fields Medalist)

      • Terence Tao contributed Szemerédi's Theorem (Fields Medalist)

    • + and 45 articleswithtitles = the name of theirauthor

    Scholarpedia idea

    • Build on successes of Wikipedia and correct problems

    • Not only controlled content, but high quality content

       high profile authors = leading experts or original authors

    • Implementing academic standards: Traditional & new

      • Peer review (by actual peers, rather than e.g. editors)

      • Invitations and elections of authors earning scholar indices

      • Short review articles (with outbound references) that are curated

        Wiki environment

    • Easy for curators, editors, reviewers (referees)

    • Semi-automatic

      • Handling of invitations of authors and referees

      • Handling of the review process (editing, discussing, approving)

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


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    Scholarpedia numbers

    Number of registered people: > 3,000

    Number of curators: almost 1,000

    Number of reserved articles: > 1,000

    Number of finished articles: ~ 400

    Number of editors: 23

    Number of Nobel Laureate authors: 11

    Number of Encyclopedias: 4

    Number of Editors-in-chief: 1

    Number of USD on budget: 0

    … but sponsors are wanted

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


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    Scholarpedia, physically

    Editor-in-chief and founder: Dr. Eugene M. Izhikevich

    Curriculum Vitae

    • 1967 Born in Moscow, Russia

    • 1992 M.S. in Applied Mathematics, Lomonosov Moscow State University,

    • 1996 Ph.D. in Mathematics, Michigan State University, Michigan

    • 1996-2000 postdoc and then visiting professor, Department of Mathematics, Center for Systems Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona

    • 2000-2005 Associate Fellow in Theoretical Neurobiology, The Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California

    • 2005-present Senior Fellow in Theoretical Neurobiology, The Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, California

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


    Encyclopedia of astrophysics l.jpg
    Encyclopedia_of_Astrophysics

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


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    The Scholarpedia Encyclopedia of Astrophysics

    Working example of Open Access !

    History

    • Scholarpedia began in early 2006 (Encyclopedia of Comp. Neurosci.)

    • Yours truely wrote article for The Encyclopedia of Dynamical Systems

      → Category on Fluid Dynamics branched into Computational Astrophysics (Category Editor, early 2007)

      → Encyclopedia of Computational Astrophysics? Na, better go directly to Astrophysics (+ more an more sub-categories and sub editors)

    • Overlap with Dynamical Systems (sharing articles)

      Examples of how it works, looks and feels…

    • Viewing an article (as an unregistered user)

    • Registrering as a user (to contribute, not to read)

    • From the author’s point of view

    • Editor’s point of view

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


    Example of a finished articles short reviews l.jpg
    Example of a finished articles (short reviews)

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


    Example of a finished articles short reviews11 l.jpg
    Example of a finished articles (short reviews)

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


    Example registering as a user l.jpg
    Example: Registering as a user

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


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    Example of editing an articles

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


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    Example: Managing referees and inviting authors

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


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    The End

    Scholarpedia articles

    Dorch (2007) Magnetohydrodynamics. Scholarpedia, p.10322

    Izhikevich (2006) Main Page. Scholarpedia, p.1286

    • OA peer reviewed media is easy to work with

      • The software is for free and the editorial “staff” is for free

        → Nothing comes entirely for free, though 

        Looking for sponsors…

        For increased computer capacity

    Copenhagen University Library

    Seminar on Open Access 2007


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