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“The poorest man may in his cottage bid defiance to all the force of the crown.” --- William Pitt, Prime-minister of Great Britain, 1783 – 1801 and 1804- till his death in 1806.
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--- William Pitt, Prime-minister of Great Britain, 1783 – 1801 and 1804- till his death in 1806
“There’s really no way to …repress information today, and I think
that’s a wonderful advance we can all feel good about... This is a
medium of total openness and total freedom, and that’s what
makes it so special.”
-- Bill Gates, October 2005
Two newsitems of Jan 2006:
Wednesday, Jan 25, 2006
Google officially launched a new www.google.cn site that plans to filter out or block links to material likely to be considered politically sensitive by China\'s ruling Communist Party.
Experts in the field of Internet privacy: Internet privacy does not really exist.
Privacy advocates believe that it should exist.
Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_privacy as of September 18, 2007
ensuring that organizations act fairly in the way they (i) collect (ii) store (iii) use and (iv) disclose one’s personal information
Profiling can lead to a misinterpretation of accurate information
To not let governments and big corporations to have and to exercise undue power over individuals
Trust is the cornerstone of a strong relationship.
Sometimes not possible to delete:
Example: Health records wrongly state that you have diabetes. Accordingly some wrong treatment was started. If the record is deleted, the reason why the wrong treatment was given will also go and the medication history will not make sense.
The default barriers of time, distance and cost, against publication and retention of your private information, have vanished.
when he does not even know about all the places, where his information is.
Ownership may not mean
Ex: Government-owned information:
social security number, passport ( A
government can revoke a passport);
Annual Tax returns, bank balances
Ex: Reports by: physicians, laboratories
Reference: for the next set of slides: Carrie Gates, Jacob Slonim ,“ Owner-Controlled Information,” http://flame.cs.dal.ca/~gates/papers/nspw03.ps.
Example: spread of SARS
Reference: Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary
Reference:http://searchsecurity.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid14_gci837181,00.html as of September 18, 2007
that obey the secret sharing property (that any k pieces of the key can reconstruct the key, but that no t pieces provide information about the key, where t < k)
Need for an individual to carry information with him:
Ex: census information supposed to be retained for 99 years only for research; after 9/11, the president made it available to law-enforcement agencies
Ex: A bank may
1. Microsoft Passport service:
(e-Wallet: safely stores
any other information needed for purchase from e-commerce sites )
References: 1. https://www.passport.net/
MS wanted to extend Passport to XML based Hailstorm to contain
2. Liberty Alliance of 150 companies for a federated identity infrastructure:
3. Persona Project at Oregon State University
The basic premise:
Ref.: http://www.cs.pdx.edu/~ktoth/index_files/ RHASPersonaPaperTothSubramaniumV6.pdf
References: 1. Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
2 M.Fairhurst, R.Guest, F. Deravi and J. George,” Using Biometrics as an enabling technology in balancing universality and selectivity for management of information access,” Universal Access: Theoretical Perspectives, Practice and Experience: 7th ERCIM International Workshop on User Interface for All, Paris France Oct 24-25, 2002, Springer-Verlag Lecture Notes in CS 2615, pp 249-259