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Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan. Thinley Namgyel National Environment Commission Royal Government of Bhutan. Bhutan. Located in Eastern Himalayas Area : 38,394 km2 Population: 800,000 (2002 estimate). Bhutan Vulnerability.

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Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan

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Local Coping Strategies and Technologies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Bhutan

Thinley Namgyel

National Environment Commission

Royal Government of Bhutan


Bhutan

  • Located in Eastern Himalayas

  • Area : 38,394 km2

  • Population: 800,000 (2002 estimate)

Bhutan Coping Strategies


Bhutan Vulnerability

  • Agrarian population

    • 80% of population

    • 32.9 of GDP

  • Water Resources

    • 10% of GDP

    • 30,000 MW potential power generation

Bhutan Coping Strategies


Bhutan Vulnerability

  • Forests and Biodiversity

    • 70% forest

    • high diversity - Eastern Himalayan hotspot

  • Natural Disasters

    • Glacial Lake Outbursts Floods

    • Landslides

  • Human Health

    • Increase in tropical diseases and heat stress

Bhutan Coping Strategies


Impacts and Measures

  • Agriculture:

    • Migration of agro-ecological zones to north and higher altitude

    • Vulnerability to increase in pests and erratic precipitation

    • Research centers and farmer collaboration for developing and testing new varieties

      • Eg. High altitude rice

    • Forecasting and early warning for local weather

Bhutan Coping Strategies


Impacts and Measures

  • Water Resources & Forests

    • Streams and small rivers are sources for irrigation, drinking water, hydroelectricity

    • Rivers and streams charged by monsoon rains, winter snows and glaciers.

    • Strong policy of forest protection

    • Community awareness and participation in watershed management

      • Eg protection of communal springs and watersheds

Bhutan Coping Strategies


Impacts and Measures

  • Glacial Lake Outburst Floods

    • 24 potentially dangerous lakes

    • Last flood in 1994

    • Lowering lake levels

    • Early warning systems

    • Risk assessment & mapping

Bhutan Coping Strategies


Conclusion

  • Use and support existing mechanisms

    • Farmer - researcher cooperation

    • Adopting new techniques/technologies

  • Improved technologies to support existing mechanisms

    • Research funds, new techniques

    • Early warning technologies

  • Awareness and ownership important for community participation

    • Forest and watershed protection

Bhutan Coping Strategies


Tashi Delek

www.nec.gov.bt

Bhutan Coping Strategies


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