1. The story of Christmas. Almost 2,000 year ago there was a great taxation in Judea and ... Christmas cookies. P.22. Other Food. P.23. Hong Kong Celebration. In Hong Kong, Chinese ...
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Silent Night The words of Silent Night were written by a Priest called Fr. Joseph Mohr in Mariapfarr, Austria, in 1816. Fr. Mohr asked Franz Gruber to compose the melody with a guitar arrangement. It was several years later that Franz Gruber wrote an arrangement for the organ. Historians who have conducted research in recent years believe that Fr. Mohr wanted a new carol that he could play on his guitar. The carol to be sung by the children of the village at the midnight Christmas Eve service, as a surprise for their parents. But in the middle of practicing, the organ broke and not a note would come from it! So the children had to learn the carol only accompanied by a guitar. They learnt the carol so well that they could sing it on its own without accompaniment. However, there are no records to indicate that a children’s choir was involved. At Midnight Mass in 1818, Fr. Mohr and Franz Gruber sang each of the six verses with the church choir repeating the last two lines of each verse. Mohr set down the guitar arrangement on paper around 1820 and that is the earliest manuscript that still exists, it is displayed in the Carolino Augusteum Museum in Salzburg. http://001material.cjb.net/ Boxing Day takes place on December 26 and is only celebrated in few countries. It was started in the UK about 800 years ago in the middle Ages. It was the day when the alms box (collection boxes for the power opened in Parish Churches so that the contents could be distributed to poor people. A lot of Churches still have these boxes and open them on Boxing Day. It might have been the Romans that first brought this type of collecting box to the UK, but they used them to collect money for the betting games which they played during their winter celebrations! It was also traditional that servants got the day off to celebrate Christmas with their families on Boxing Day. Boxing Day has now become another public holiday in countries such as the U.K., Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It is also the traditional day that Pantomimes started to play. There are also often sports played on Boxing Day in the UK, especially horse racing and football matches! The Carol, Good King Wencelas , is set on Boxing Day and is about a King in the middle Ages who brings food to a poor family. The nature of his thorough involvement with American Christmas scene has turned this mythical creation into a living Christmas icon. And at the same time it has almost forced us to imagine him landing with a group of Dutch and English settlers who are attributed to be the initiators of this tradition in America. Much of the present form of the Santa story is undoubtedly due to the works of Clement Clark Moore and the cartoons of Thomas Nast. In 1822, Dr. Moore from New York wrote a Christmas poem, "A visit from St. Nicholas" to read out to his children on X'mas Eve. Once on a cold Christmas Eve night, a forester and his family were in their cottage gathered round the fire to keep warm. Suddenly there was a knock on the door. When the forester opened the door, he found a poor little boy standing on the door step, lost and alone. The forester welcomed him into his house and the family fed and washed him and put him to bed in the youngest sons own bed (he had to share with his brother that night!). The next morning, Christmas Morning, the family were woken up by a choir of angels, and the poor little boy had turned into Jesus, the Christ C hild. The Christ child, went into the front garden of the cottage and broke a branch off a Fir tree and gave it to the family as a present to say thank you for looking after him. So ever since them, people have remembered that night by bringing a Christmas Tree into their homes! Candles It might have been because the Jewish Festival of light called Hanukkah, is celebrated during winter and the early Christians might of taken the custom of burning candles fro m the Jews and put it to Christmas. One of the earliest records of candles being used at Christmas is from the middle ages where a large candle was used to represent the star of Bethlehem and also that Jesus is sometimes called ‘ the Light of the World' by Christians. This might have started the custom of the Advent Crown. In some parts of Ireland, it was traditional to have a Yule candle instead of a Yule Log. Mince Pies Mince Pies, like Christmas Pudding, were originally filled with meat such as lamb rather than a dried fruit mix as they are today. They were also first made in an oval shape to represent the manger that Jesus slept in as a baby, with the top representing his swaddling clothes. Now they are normally made in a round shape and are eaten hot or cold. I like mine hot with some ice cream! On Christmas Eve, children in the U.K. often leave out mince pies with brandy or some similar drink for Father Christmas, and a carrot for the reindeer. Bells Bells, Especially Church Bells, have been associated with Christmas for a long time. In the Anglican and Catholic churches, the church day starts at sunset, so any service after that is the first service of the day. So a service on Christmas Eve after sunset is traditionally the first service of Christmas day! ! In churches that have a Bell or Bells .They are often rung to signal the start of this service. Chris tingles Chris tingle actually means ‘Christ Light’ and celebrates the light of Jesus coming into the world: but no one is really sure how the Chris tingles came into being. Many years ago, children were asked to take a gift to put beside the crib in church. One family had no money for gifts but was determined to take something. They found an orange which they felt would be okay, but were disappointed to find it was going moldy at the top. However, they thought they would scoop out the bad bits and put a candle in the top and turn it into a lantern. Thinking that it looked a bit ordinary, one of the girls took a red ribbon from her hair and tied it around the middle. They had difficulty getting it to stay in place, so fastened it with four small sticks, on the ends of which they put a few raisins.They took their lantern to church and were afraid of the reactions of the other children. Some children in the U.K. make their own Chris tingles and gather together to light them in a Church Services that raise money for children’s charities. Christmas Crackers Christmas crackers are a Christmas favourite in the U.K..They were first made in 1850 by a London sweet maker called Tom Smith. One night, while he was sitting in front of his log fire, he became very interested by the sparks and cracks coming from the flames. Suddenly, he thought what a fun idea it would be, if his sweets and toys could be opened with a crack when their fancy wrappers were pulled in half. The Crackers that are used today are short cardboard tubes wrapped in colourful paper. There is normally a Cracker next to each plate on the Christmas dinner table. When the crackers are pulled — with a bang! — a colourful party hat, a toy or gift and a festive joke falls out! The party hats look like crowns and it is thought that they symbolise the crowns worn that might have been worn by the Wise Men. Presents All over the world, families and friends give presents to each other. Most children around the world believe St. Nicholas, Santa Claus or Father Christmas brings them presents. These presents are also left in different places! In most of Europe, the presents are left in shoes or boots put out by the children. In Italy, the U.K. and U.S.A. presents are left in stockings, often left hanging by a fire place. In many countries, presents for friends and family may be left under the Christmas tree. In the UK, they are often opened on Christmas day morning with all the family together. Poinsettias There was once a poor Mexican girl called Pepita who had no present to give the the baby Jesus at the Christmas Eve Services. As Pepita walked to the chapel, sadly, her cousin Pedro tried to cheer her up .‘ Pepita’, he said ‘I’m sure that even the smallest gift, given by someone who loves him will make Jesus Happy. Pepita didn’t know what she could give, so she pick a small handful of weeds from the roadside made them into a a small bouquet. She felt embarrassed because she could only give this small present to Jesus. As she walked thought the chapel to the altar, she Pedro had said.She began to feel better and knelt down and put the bouquet at the bottom of the nativity scene. Suddenly, the bouquet of weeds burst into bright red flowers, and everyone who saw them were sure they had seen a miracle. From that day on, the bright red flowers were known as the ‘Flores de Noche Buena’, or ‘Flowers of the Holy Night’. The shape of the ponsettia flower and leaves are sometimes thought as a symbol of the Star of Bethlehem which led the Wise Men to Jesus. The red colored leaves symbolize the blood of Christ. The white leaves represent his purity. The Glastonbury thorn legend ties in Christ's death as well as the celebration of his birth. The legend goes that soon after the death of Christ, Joseph of Arimathea came to Britain to spread the message of Christianity. When he traveled there from the Holy Land he brought with him his staff. Being tired from his journey, he lay down to rest. In doing so, he pushed his staff into the ground beside him. When he awoke, he found that the staff had taken root and begun to grow and blossom. It is said he left it there and it has flowered every Christmas and every spring . It is also said that a puritan trying to cut down the tree was blinded by a splinter of the wood before he could do so. The original thorn did eventually die but not before many cuttings had been taken. It is one of these very cuttings which is in the grounds of Glastonbury Abbey today. The Glastonbury Thorn Christmas Pudding Christmas (or Plum) Pudding is the the traditional end to the British Christmas dinner. Christmas pudding originated as a 14th century porridge called ‘frumenty’ that was made of beef and mutton with raisins, currants, prunes, wines and spices. This would often be more like soup and was eaten as a fasting meal in preparation for the Christmas festivities. By 1595, frumenty was slowly changing into a plum pudding, having been thickened with eggs, breadcrumbs, dried fruit and given more flavors with the addition of beer and spirits. It became the customary Christmas dessert around 1650, but in 1664 the Puritans banned it as a bad custom.
Slide 25:Hong Kong Celebration
In Hong Kong, Chinese Christians celebrate Christmas with church services in Chinese. At the Anglican Cathedral, some are held in English, because Europeans who live and work in Hong Kong attend them as well as people from Hong Kong. In Hong Kong, people also send Christmas cards, many of which are home made using Chinese craft techniques. Poinsettias flowers and Nativity scenes decorate homes, churches and public places, as well as big red and gold letters from the Chinese alphabet decorated streamers and paper chains. Father Christmas, is known as Lan Khoong (Nice Old Father) or Dun Che Lao Ren (Christmas Old Man) in Hong Kong.Christmas music concerts Christmas ballet Big Top
Slide 28:Christmas films
Ocean Park Christmas square mealcelebration in Lan Kwai Fong enjoy in cafe firework display carol square meal at home barter Christmas presents celebration at the party Candy Wreath You will need: Green poster board Red yarn Yellow poster board Double sided tape Glue Assorted colored paper Scissors Small sprigs of spruce 2 different size plates Yarn needle Wide red ribbon 13 Individually wrapped candies 1 Medium cup 1 Large cup Christmas is the one festival that I like most. It is because Christmas can make me feels happy. In this project , I have learnt what is cooperation and I can know more about Christmas information. I enjoyed this project very much , I have spend much time to do this project . Hope you will like it . By:Carmel Christmas Day is the one festival that I like most because I can receive many present. This one project I do that diligently. I spent much time to do that. This project make me know more anything about Christmas Day, such as Hong Kong people in Christmas Cultures and all together. Group members are all easy to cooperate too. I am very enjoy this project. I hope we can get a high marks. By:Yoshimi I like Christmas, because l can get presents and have a big meal. Therefore I choose this caption for my project. In the process I learn to division of labour in squad .This project is significant , so I hope do more again . By:Wing When I do this project, i felt so easy! Because Christmas it my favourite festival. Every year I will celebrated it with my friends. And i think everyone will like this festival too. Because so many people will celebrated it! I known eveything about Christmas, so this project is so easy to me. In this project ,I be very nice with my group members. So, hope you can enjoy it! By:Kathy Before I did the project , I didn't know the originate of the Christmas. But after the project ,I find that the originate of the Christmas is very marelous and funny !And I also know a lot of the western people how to celebrate the Christmas! during I did the project, I had a good teamwork with my team members . This help me to improve my friendship with my team members . Also, this project help my English improve a lot! Dico