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Peter Scott & Co Ltd. Finest Quality Knitwear Since 1878. Company History. Founded in 1878 by Peter Scott One of the oldest independent Scottish Knitwear manufacturers in operation Manufactured undergarments until late 1950`s 160 employees. Yarn.

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peter scott co ltd

Peter Scott & Co Ltd

Finest Quality Knitwear Since 1878

company history
Company History
  • Founded in 1878 by Peter Scott
  • One of the oldest independent Scottish Knitwear manufacturers in operation
  • Manufactured undergarments until late 1950`s
  • 160 employees
slide3
Yarn
  • Two types of fibre used to spin the yarn - Animal & Plant
  • Fibre: Unit of hair, whose length is 200 times greater than its width. Length of fibre very important.
  • Staple fibre: Fibre of limited length - all natural fibre
  • Fibres are drawn and twisted
  • Friction between the fibres holds the yarn together with the twist
luxury yarns cashmere
Luxury Yarns:- Cashmere
  • From the goat native to Tibet, Persia, Kashmir and China
  • Australia now supplies raw material on a commercial basis
  • The undercoat or downy is used for the manufacture of knitwear
  • Before the fibre can be spun it has to be dehaired to remove the courser hair
  • Approx 3.5 goats for 1 sweater
luxury yarns lamora
Luxury Yarns:- Lamora
  • A blend of extra fine Merino wool and Angora from the Angora rabbit farmed mainly in China
  • Angora: One of the finest of animal fibres. Selected, reared and scientifically fed.
  • Ultimately, the hair is combed out by hand, then classified for quality

The end result is a luxurious garment of extreme softness and excellence

luxury yarns lambswool
Luxury Yarns:- Lambswool
  • Mainly produced in Australia from Merino sheep
  • Taken from the first clipping of the sheep
  • Clipping causes the further fleece to toughen
knitting
Knitting
  • Yarn is delivered to machines from yarn store
  • Peter Scott use three gauges of machinery:
    • 21gg / 12ndl - for finer gauge yarns
    • 15gg / 8ndl for the “bread and butter” sweater i.e. Lambswool
    • 9gg / 5ndl - for heavier weight of yarns
  • The higher the number of gauge the finer the weight of garment
knitting8
Knitting
  • The first step is the rib, skirts and cuffs, knitted with a slack course and draw thread
  • Rib are run on to bars, one stitch to one needle. A missed stitch would cause a drop stitch where rib the joins main panel
knitting9
Knitting
  • Plain Frames, BCI Intarsia Frames and Shima Seiki machines used in production of Peter Scott knitwear
  • Computer aided knitting, with 60 million colours available, using colours for different processes.
assembly
Assembly
  • The first stage is called “Body Binding”
  • The knitting machines produce the various panels i.e. front ,back, sleeves
  • The top of the fronts and backs are binded along the shoulder in a similar fashion to the running on of the rib skirt
  • The sleeves are then attached in the same way by a fine seam so as not to irritate the shoulder of the wearer
assembly11
Assembly
  • Fronts, backs and sleeves joined, next step is to complete the side and sleeve seams, termed appropriately, seaming. Seams to be joined are fed through two cups (grooved wheels)
  • The wheels, level with each other, are used to keep the tension equal as the sweater passes through
  • The seaming mechanism adjoins the cups so the parts are seamed immediately on leaving the cups
  • The garment at this stage is still inside out
bar tacking greasy examination
Bar Tacking & Greasy Examination
  • The garment has now been assembled but before washing the ends of the seams must be tacked to prevent run back
  • This process is repeated until all the tails have been tacked and the tails removed
  • The garments are checked for flaws prior to washing
  • Flaws such as holes, knots, stains are all marked and rectified at this stage
weighing in milling
Weighing In & Milling
  • Ready for the wash the garments are sorted into bundles
  • First the neck trims are matched to the relevant bundles, then they are sorted into qualities and colours
  • The bundles are then weighed for costing purposes
  • The garments are then given an accurately controlled wash dependant on quality of yarn important for maintaining colour and handle
  • Garments are then rinsed thoroughly and tumble dried
  • Not completely dry the garments are ready to move on to the next stage
boarding turning sizing
Boarding:-Turning & Sizing
  • The term clean is given to the garments now they have been washed, from here every care is taken to ensure they remain meticulously clean
  • Received in a damp condition from milling they are turned the correct way around, tumbled to a completely dry state and sorted into their sizes
  • The garments are all knitted with a size mark or thread to differentiate their sizes
      • 36”=2 marks
      • 38”=3 marks
      • 40”=4 marks
      • 42”=1 mark
boarding paris press
Boarding:- Paris Press
  • The press can be compared to a body with two moveable arms
  • The arms are raised, the garment is pulled over the body, the arms are lowered
  • A pedal is then depressed which expands the machine to the size that coincides with that of the garment
  • The seams are then straightened and steam is blown through for a few seconds
  • A drying cycle then follows with the steam being vacuumed away
  • The garments are then removed, folded into “production fold” and sent forward with their respective trimmings
trimming
Trimming
  • There are numerous operations in this department
    • Lock stitching is used for attaching ribbon to cardigan fronts
    • Button hole machines stitch a button hole then cuts the hole through the centre of the stitching
    • Buttons are then stitched on by another machine specifically made for the job
cutting
Cutting
  • The operator places a cardboard shape on the garment, the outline of which is determined by the shape of neck required
  • The centre mark on the shape is aligned with the centre mark made at the knitting stage
  • The operator then cuts around the shape removing the piece of fabric at the neck
  • The waste move with the garment to be used for mending any holes that may occur
collar binding
Collar Binding
  • The collar is attached by the operator by running on the stitches to the points on the machine
  • The neck are of the garment is then run on, and for a second time the collar, creating a sandwich with the sweater in the middle
  • The parts are then linked together by the looper/needle mechanism
  • The next stage is to remove the “hold on” courses
  • The neck at this point are still unfinished and are forwarded to the hand sew department where the two ends of the collar are stitched together
looking examination
Looking (Examination)
  • Garments are given a thorough examination for flaws, using a magnifying glass
  • Types of flaws that can be found at this stage are
    • knots
    • thick or thin rows of knitting
    • foreign hairs, either spun in the yarn or picked up during manufacture
    • dirty marks or stains
  • Garments found to have any of the flaws above are rectified by the menders prior to being sent forward
  • Garments may be rejected as a “second” if the flaw was excessive
pressing
Pressing
  • The garments are placed on the bottom of two beds, the upper being moveable
  • When the operator is happy the side seams and sleeves are straight and the collar pinned to shape the top bed is lowered
  • Steam is then passed through the garment for a few seconds
  • The top bed is lifted and the residual water is vacuumed away
  • Shirt collars are all individually hand ironed
final examination
Final Examination
  • Final examination for any flaws that have gone unnoticed or occurred since the last check
  • The garments are all measured to ensure the article lies within the permissible dimensions, any discrepancies are adjusted in accordingly
        • This department is to ensure the garment is in perfect condition prior to despatch
tabbing and stock department
Tabbing and Stock Department
  • Once the garments are checked they are then ticketed, folded and inserted into polythene bags prior to being stored in the stockroom
  • The garments are now ready to tab, barcode where required, and ship
  • When the despatch dates arrive the order is checked against the original order, packed, invoiced and shipped to their destination
embroidery
Embroidery
  • Designs are sent in for logos, which can be anything from letterheads to other embroidered goods
  • Designs are scanned & transferred into instructions the embroidery computer will understand
  • Machines can embroider up to 12 garments at once
  • Almost any type of badge can be made from the simplest script to the more complex appliqué
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