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A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e. Chapter 11 Notebooks, Tablet PCs, and PDAs. Objectives. Learn how to select, support, and add peripheral devices to notebooks Learn how to replace and upgrade internal notebook components Learn how to troubleshoot notebooks

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a guide to hardware 4e

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

Chapter 11

Notebooks, Tablet PCs, and PDAs

objectives
Objectives
  • Learn how to select, support, and add peripheral devices to notebooks
  • Learn how to replace and upgrade internal notebook components
  • Learn how to troubleshoot notebooks
  • Learn about technologies relating to tablet PCs
  • Learn about personal digital assistants (PDAs)

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

supporting notebooks
Supporting Notebooks
  • Notebook (laptop): a portable computer
  • Comparing notebooks to full-sized computers
    • Same internal technology, but built as a single system
    • Notebooks are smaller and portable
    • Notebooks use less power
  • Topics to cover:
    • Selecting and purchasing a notebook
    • Special considerations for servicing notebooks
    • Caring for notebooks
    • Connecting peripheral equipment to notebooks

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

tips for buying a notebook
Tips for Buying a Notebook
  • Consider a notebook if portability is important
    • Desktops are faster, cheaper, and easier to upgrade
  • Do not buy extra features unless they are needed
    • Extra features are costly and add to notebook weight
  • Purchase an extended warranty
  • Select a well regarded brand
  • Some guidelines for notebook components:
    • Choose an active matrix LCD panel (over dual scan)
    • Buy as much memory as you plan to use later
    • The best type of battery to buy is a lithium battery

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

special considerations when servicing notebooks
Special Considerations When Servicing Notebooks
  • Warranty concerns
    • Be careful not to void the warranty
    • Information needed before contacting technical support
      • Notebook model and serial number
      • Name, phone number, and address of the purchaser
  • Service manuals and other sources of information
    • Enable you to safely disassemble a notebook
    • Where to find the necessary documentation
      • Physical manual provided by the manufacturer
      • On the Internet; e.g., the manufacturer’s Web site

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

special considerations when servicing notebooks continued
Special Considerations When Servicing Notebooks (continued)
  • Diagnostic tools provided by manufacturers
    • Used to pinpoint a problem component
    • Sources: setup CD or manufacturer’s Web site
    • Example: PC-Doctor
  • The OEM operating system build
    • Notebooks are sold with the OS preinstalled
    • OEM: original equipment manufacturer
    • OS build: customized operating system build
    • Diagnostic software is customized to the notebook

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

special considerations when servicing notebooks continued7
Special Considerations When Servicing Notebooks (continued)
  • Windows notebook features
    • Channel aggregation: allows two modem connections
    • Power management features
    • Support for PC cards
    • Windows 9x/Me Briefcase
    • Windows 2000/XP Offline Files and Folders
    • Folder redirection under Windows 2000/XP
    • Hardware profiles under Windows 2000/XP
  • Sources for backup OS: recovery CD or partition

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

slide8

Figure 11-6 This notebook hard drive has a recovery partition that can be used to recover the system

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

caring for notebooks
Caring for Notebooks
  • Securing a notebook
    • When leaving work, lock notebook in a secure place
    • Use a notebook cable lock to secure it to your desk
    • Use a theft-prevention plate (with an identifying label)
  • Types of passwords
    • Supervisor, user (power-on), and hard drive
    • Check CMOS setup to see if passwords are supported
  • Data backups
    • Always back up critical data
    • Use an online backup service (good when traveling)

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

caring for notebooks continued
Caring for Notebooks (Continued)
  • Two power sources: AC adapter and DC adapter
  • Types of batteries:
    • Ni-Cad (nickel-cadmium)
    • NiMH (nickel-metal-hydride)
    • Lithium Ion
    • Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC): experimental
  • A few tips for managing power:
    • Check the manual for battery recharging instructions
    • Use power-management features of your OS
    • Use standby or hibernate mode when notebook is idle

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

caring for notebooks continued11
Caring for Notebooks (Continued)
  • Power Options Properties dialog box
    • Used to modify multiple power management schemes
    • Example: cause notebook to hibernate after set time
  • The battery meter can be added to the taskbar
  • Port replicator: interface to AC outlet and peripherals
  • Docking station: port replicator + secondary storage
  • Hardware profiles
    • Enable you to store various hardware configurations
    • Example: set up one profile to use a docking station

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

slide12

Figure 11-13 The Power Options Properties dialog box of Windows 2000/XP allows you to create and manage multiple power schemes

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

slide14

Figure 11-22 Many peripheral devices are added to a notebook using a PC Card slot; here, a modem PC Card is inserted in a PC Card slot

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

connecting peripheral devices to notebooks continued
Connecting Peripheral Devices to Notebooks (continued)
  • PCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card International Association)
    • Develops standards for PC card slots
  • PCMCIA standards related to size: Type I to Type III
  • PC cards may also provide proprietary ports/adapters
  • PC card slot technologies: 16-bit ISA and 32-bit PCI
  • Two new PCMCIA standards:
    • CardBus: increases bus width to 32 bits
    • ExpressCard: matches PCI Express and USB 2.0

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

connecting peripheral devices to notebooks continued17
Connecting Peripheral Devices to Notebooks (continued)
  • WiFi review:
    • Two connection modes: ad hoc and via access point
    • Change wireless settings in Network Connections
    • To make a connection, turn on wireless switch
    • You can choose from a list of wireless networks
  • Bluetooth review:
    • Used for short-range wireless; e.g., optical mouse
  • Some special considerations for Bluetooth:
    • Read documentation for configuration guidelines
    • If device does not function, reinstall the device driver

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

replacing and upgrading internal parts
Replacing and Upgrading Internal Parts
  • Three common maintenance tasks:
    • Upgrading memory
    • Exchanging a hard drive
    • Replacing a broken component; e.g., the LCD panel

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

upgrading memory
Upgrading Memory
  • General considerations:
    • Add memory to improve performance
    • Additional memory needed for video-editing software
    • Types of video memory: dedicated and shared
  • Types of memory modules used in notebooks:
    • SO-DIMMs (small outline DIMMs)
    • SO-RIMMs (small outline RIMMs)
    • Credit card memory
    • Proprietary memory modules
    • MicroDIMMs

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

upgrading memory continued
Upgrading Memory (continued)
  • Preparing for the upgrade
    • Make sure you are not voiding your warranty
    • Search for best buy on a suitable and authorized part
  • Upgrade process is similar to that for desktops
  • General instructions for accessing memory:
    • Turn the notebook upside down
    • Remove the screws and the panel cover
    • Locate the memory modules in expansion slots
  • Advice: check user guide for specific instructions

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

replacing a hard drive
Replacing a Hard Drive
  • General guidelines
    • Check with OEM for drive sizes and connector types
    • Be aware or voiding manufacturer’s warranty
    • A notebook drive is 2.5 inches wide
  • Other issues:
    • If old drive crashed, obtain recovery and driver CDs
    • When moving data, you may need USB-IDE converter
  • General instructions for replacing the hard drive
    • Open the case, pull old drive out of bay, and replace
    • Boot the system from a recovery CD (if drive is new)

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

slide22

Figure 11-59 Remove the top LCD cover by first removing hinge screws and disconnecting the hinges; then lift off the cover

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

replacing a mini pci card
Replacing a Mini PCI Card
  • Mini PCIspecifications
    • Define the form factor for notebook expansion cards
    • Three types: Type I, II, and III (differ by connectors)
  • Steps for removing a Mini PCI wireless network card
    • Remove the hinged cover and the keyboard
    • Disconnect the cable to the wireless antenna
    • Pull outward on the securing tabs
    • After the card pops, lift it out of the cavity
  • Replacing the Mini PCI wireless network card
    • Insert card, reconnect antenna, add keyboard and cover

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

other field replaceable units
Other Field Replaceable Units
  • A number of field replaceable units (FRUs)
    • The motherboard and CPU
    • The keyboard
    • The PC Card socket assembly
    • The optical drive (CD or DVD drive)
    • The floppy drive
    • A sound card
    • A pointing device
    • AC adapter, the battery pack and the DC controller
  • OEM must approve or make replacement parts

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

troubleshooting notebooks
Troubleshooting Notebooks
  • Software and hardware problems are covered
  • Actions that apply to all computer troubleshooting
    • Interview the user
    • Back up any important data
    • Document each step

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

problems with video
Problems with Video
  • Causes:
    • Display settings
    • The power system
    • A faulty LCD panel or inverter board
  • Table 11-4 shows troubleshooting tips
  • Advice for replacing the LCD panel or inverter board
    • Purchase the same LCD assembly originally installed

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

a notebook gets wet
A Notebook Gets Wet
  • Steps to take when a notebook gets wet:
    • Turn off the electricity at the circuit breaker
    • Turn off the computer and disconnect the AC adapter
    • Turn off any attached devices
    • Ground yourself by touching a metal unpainted part
    • Remove any PC Cards or removable drives
    • Remove the battery pack, memory, and hard drive
    • Open the notebook and elevate it on two books
    • Allow notebook to dry for 24 hours

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

slide28

Figure 11-67 Use an IDE adapter kit to install a notebook hard drive into a desktop system

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

more errors and what to do about them
More Errors and What to do About Them
  • Other sources for notebook troubleshooting tips:
    • Table 11-5
    • Troubleshooting tips for desktop computers
    • Web site of the notebook manufacturer
    • The notebook service manual
    • Other Internet sites (using general search)

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

surveying tablet pcs
Surveying Tablet PCs
  • Tablet PC: small notebook with special features
  • Forms of tablet PC
    • A convertible tablet PC
    • A slate model tablet PC
    • A tablet PC with a docking station
  • Some features:
    • Onscreen writing ability for notes and drawings
    • Voice- and handwriting-recognition software
    • Built-in support for wireless, wired, dial-up networking
    • Windows XP Tablet PC Edition operating system

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

surveying pdas
Surveying PDAs
  • PDAs (personal digital assistants)
    • Sometimes called personal PCs or handheld PCs
    • Used for smaller tasks, such as scheduling
    • Examples: Palm Pilot, Pocket PC, or BlackBerry
  • PDAs connect to desktop using Bluetooth or USB
  • A few features: GPS receiver, fold-out keyboard
  • A few questions to ask before purchase?
    • How easy is the PDA to use?
    • What operating system does the PDA use?
    • What is the price of the PDA?

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

battery life on a pda
Battery Life on a PDA
  • Battery life on a PDA varies by model
  • Some PDAs use rechargeable batteries
  • Data is lost if battery completely discharges
  • Good habit: set PDA in its cradle when not in use

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

applications on a pda
Applications on a PDA
  • Some tasks performed:
    • Store addresses and phone numbers
    • Manage a calendar
    • Run word-processing software
    • Send and receive e-mail
    • Access Web sites
    • Provide telecommunication
  • Applications may be preinstalled or downloaded
  • Web content read by PDA is limited

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

connecting a pda to a pc
Connecting a PDA to a PC
  • Use cradle with cable or Bluetooth wireless
  • Synchronization: process by which PDA and PC talk
  • Setting up communication:
    • Install synchronization software
    • Connect the PDA
    • PDA and PC will immediately synchronize
  • A few troubleshooting tips:
    • Ensure USB or serial cable is plugged in at both ends
    • Ensure USB or serial port is enabled in CMOS setup
    • Uninstall and reinstall the PDA software on the PC

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

pda manufacturers and operating systems
PDA Manufacturers and Operating Systems
  • List of operating systems used on PDAs:
    • Windows Mobile
    • BlackBerry
    • Palm OS
    • Symbian OS
  • Some manufacturers:
    • Casio
    • Compaq
    • Hewlett-Packard
    • Palm (was PalmOne)

A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e

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