Baseline assessment for maternal and newborn care in Timor Leste. MCH in Developing Countries January 12, 2010. Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor). A brief history of East Timor. Colonized by the Portuguese 1515-1974 Illegally invaded and brutally occupied by Indonesia 1975-1999
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MCH in Developing Countries
January 12, 2010
Timorese suffered untold abuses of human rights at the hands of the Indonesian military during 24 years of illegal occupation
An estimated 1/3 of the Timorese population died as a result of the Indonesian occupation
Violence against women, including rape and sexual slavery, was widespread and systematic
After the 1999 referendum, the military and their militias carried out a campaign of violence that destroyed 75-80% of the country’s infrastructure.
Many of the destroyed buildings are yet to be rebuilt carried out a campaign of violence that destroyed 75-80% of the country’s infrastructure.
After 3 weeks, the violence was ended by an international peace keeping force led by the UN in September 1999. In 2002 the UN transferred government functions to the Timorese.
Timor-Leste in 2004: situation analysis peace keeping force led by the UN in September 1999. In 2002 the UN transferred government functions to the Timorese.
The Timorese culture is strong, complex, and family/clan-centered
A subsistence agriculture economy, with family/clan-centered
very high urban unemployment
Timor-Leste is the
in Asia: 40% of
living under the
Basic Health Statistics family/clan-centered
† Data Source: Health Profile: Democratic Republic of Timor Leste
†† Data Source: TL DHS 2003
†††Data Source: The World Bank Group, Timor Leste Data Profile
Maternal Mortality Ratio: a country comparison family/clan-centered
Data Source: United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic, Social and Housing Statistics
The total fertility in 2003 was the highest recorded family/clan-centered
in the world – 7.8 (post-conflict “rebound” fertility)
96-98% of Timorese reported they were Catholic family/clan-centered
percent fluent (2003):
Portuguese 1.2% 2.3%
Indonesian 22% 32%
English 0.2% 0.2%
Health facilities access -- Rural populations have moved back to their ancestral homes, and so health services were less accessible than previously
Delivery practices system still under development