american film
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
AMERICAN FILM

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 45

AMERICAN FILM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 242 Views
  • Uploaded on

AMERICAN FILM. PERSISTANCE OF THE CHC… & SOME ALTERNATIVES. American film seems to be a monolithic entity Seems to follow a fairly rigid pattern However, room for diversity, both within & without the Hollywood industry. DIVERSITY WITHIN THE INDUSTRY.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'AMERICAN FILM' - LeeJohn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
american film

AMERICAN FILM

PERSISTANCE OF THE CHC…

& SOME ALTERNATIVES

slide2
American film seems to be a monolithic entity
  • Seems to follow a fairly rigid pattern
  • However, room for diversity, both within & without the Hollywood industry
diversity within the industry
DIVERSITY WITHIN THE INDUSTRY
  • Studio Era: musical shorts, cartoons, newsreels & short documentary pieces
  • Different genres, each with its own conventions (but always within CHC style)
  • There are influences from other film styles
    • German Expressionism
    • Italian Neorealism
    • European Art Cinema
diversity within the industry11
DIVERSITY WITHIN THE INDUSTRY
  • Combinations of animation & live action, etc.
  • Occasionally a documentary
  • Some personalities powerful enough to “go their own way”
outside of the industry
OUTSIDE OF THE INDUSTRY
  • Since silent era, individuals have made more personal films
  • Most short, avant-garde films
  • Some documentaries, ethnographic films
  • A few feature films, but usually too expensive for an individual
persistence of the mode
PERSISTENCE OF THE MODE
  • CHC persists, largely unchanged by alternatives
  • The fact that we refer to “alternative films” indicates that they are not dominant
  • Most films, made anywhere, follow the basic conventions of the CHC
    • Narrative structure (individual protagonist, cause & effect construction, goals, etc.)
    • Stylistic conventions (continuity editing, esp.)
persistence of the mode27
PERSISTENCE OF THE MODE
  • Even alternatives limit their “deviations” to specific features
      • They use CHC as a base, then deviate from it in specific, & limited, ways
      • Ensures that audience can follow the narrative
      • We all speak the language of Hollywood
what do we consider alternatives today
WHAT DO WE CONSIDER ALTERNATIVES TODAY?
  • The term “independents”, in the business sense, applies to all films made today
  • But we think of independent films based on stylistic features, not mode of production
    • Some are playful with temporal & spatial relations
    • Others are more like European Art Cinema, with a sense of ambiguity
what do we consider alternatives today29
WHAT DO WE CONSIDER ALTERNATIVES TODAY?
  • Some explore the limits of technology & aesthetics
    • A look has been accepted as “good” for Hollywood films
      • Fairly soft, warm lighting
      • A clear image
      • Fine-grained film stock
      • “Professional” acting, good-looking stars in sympathetic roles
what do we consider alternatives today30
WHAT DO WE CONSIDER ALTERNATIVES TODAY?
  • Some films challenge accepted aesthetic qualities
    • May use natural lighting, regardless of resulting clarity of image
    • May use non-professional actors, or not especially good looking
    • May use cheaper alternatives to expensive film stock & cameras (digital video)
how do alternatives fit in the hollywood system
HOW DO ALTERNATIVES FIT IN THE HOLLYWOOD SYSTEM?
  • MARKETING
    • “Independent” or alternative films share a number of conventions that signal “art” to some viewers, who then seek out movies with these conventions
    • Tend to receive awards at film festivals & approval of critics, both used in marketing
    • Add diversity of product to a studio’s offerings
how do alternatives fit in the hollywood system35
HOW DO ALTERNATIVES FIT IN THE HOLLYWOOD SYSTEM?
  • Have taken over some of the role of B movies
    • Many actors, directors & technicians begin on these low-budget movies before moving into mainstream
      • Some never do, as a matter of choice
        • Some prefer the relative freedom offered by smaller budgets
        • Some simply prefer these kinds of films
how do alternatives fit in the hollywood system36
HOW DO ALTERNATIVES FIT IN THE HOLLYWOOD SYSTEM?
  • Some well-known actors (& sometimes directors) make these movies later in their careers
    • May be trying to prove that they are real “actors”
    • May be trying to “jump start” their careers during a slump
how do alternatives fit in the hollywood system42
HOW DO ALTERNATIVES FIT IN THE HOLLYWOOD SYSTEM?
  • New technologies, especially video & digital technology, can be explored
    • Doesn’t jeopardize success of expensive movies
    • Technologies then used in more expensive movies
    • Technologies are often used as aesthetic features, usually with narrative implications
how do alternatives fit in the hollywood system43
HOW DO ALTERNATIVES FIT IN THE HOLLYWOOD SYSTEM?
  • Because they are almost always distributed by majors, will almost never deviate too much from CHC style
    • The most obviously different films tend to be made without studio financing
      • Studios would demand changes before investing &/or agreeing to distribution
      • May agree after film is made & has had some exposure; a “negative pick-up”
how do alternatives fit in the hollywood system44
HOW DO ALTERNATIVES FIT IN THE HOLLYWOOD SYSTEM?
  • Most films don’t offer extreme alternatives
    • They are just kind of “quirky”
    • Allow viewers to think of themselves as artsy & clever, without having to think too much or get too confused
ad