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AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS ERITREA. Contents. Country Background Agricultural Statistics in Eritrea Farming Systems. Country Background. Eritrea is an East-African country Total area of 124,000 km2 Population estimate of 3.8 million Bordered by:- The Red sea:- Northeast and East

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Contents

  • Country Background

  • Agricultural Statistics in Eritrea

  • Farming Systems


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Country Background

  • Eritrea is an East-African country

  • Total area of 124,000 km2

  • Population estimate of 3.8 million

  • Bordered by:-

    • The Red sea:- Northeast and East

    • Djibouti:- Southeast

    • Ethiopia:- South

    • Sudan:- West and Northwest


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Main Agro-Ecological Zones

  • Central Highland (>1,500 m.a.s.l)

  • Western Escarpment (600-1,500 m.a.s.l)

  • Southwestern Lowland (600-750 m.a.s.l)

  • Northwestern Lowland (400-1,500 m.a.s.l)

  • Green Belt (750-2,000 m.a.s.l)

  • Costal Plain (0-600 m.a.s.l)



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Administrative Regions (Zobas)

NRS

Anseba

SRS

Gash-Barka

Debub

Maekel

NRS

Debub

Debub


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Mixed Cereal/Pulse System

  • In the Green Belt zone

  • Mixed system including permanent tree crops

  • This zone used as seasonal transhumance for agro-pastoralists

  • Average annual rainfall 700-1000mm

  • Dense coniferous dorest


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Rainfall

  • Two Precipitations

    • June – September

      • Western Lowlands and Highlands

    • October –March

      • Eastern Lowlands

  • Range varies

    • 200 mm in the Coastal plains

    • 1000 mm in the Eastern Escarpment

  • Generally rainfall in Eritrea is torrential and erratic


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Agricultural Statistics

  • Agricultural data collection is weak

  • Inadequate technical expertise

    • absence of Sampling Frame

    • Shortage of financial resources

    • Inadequate trained manpower for collection, analysis and interpretation

  • Currently agri-data are organized by the MOA and Zobas


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Crop Data

  • Crop Assessment Survey (main source)

    • Conducted every year starting 1992

    • Quantitative forecast of crop production

    • tentative and not very accurate

      • Crop in the field

      • Rapid and subjective methods

      • Based on interview of sample of farmers

      • No objective measurement used

  • According the crop assessment survey Eritrea is a “food deficit” country




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Livestock Data

  • Most livestock producers –Subsistence

  • 50% of cattle herd found in Gash-Barka Region

  • Livestock Census conducted – 1997


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Livestock Population (MOA Livestock Population Census 1997)


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Market Data

  • Market prices are collected by different institutions

  • Agricultural Marketing Can be Classified as

    • Livestock Marketing

    • Dairy Marketing

    • Poultry and Egg Marketing

    • Horticulture Marketing

    • Field Crop Marketing


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Livestock Marketing

  • Long and complex channels

  • Poor trekking routes

  • MOA promoting transport by vehicles

  • Poor market facilities

  • Poor Handling of Hides & Skins

  • Inaccuracy in price collection

    • Animal quality

    • Time


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Dairy Marketing

  • About 10,000 dairies

  • Rise steadily be/n 1991 and 1997 but fallen back

  • High demand for milk & milk products

  • High price of milk

  • Asmara dairy factory


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Poultry and Egg Marketing

  • Divided into two sectors

    • Backyard

    • Commercial

  • Marketed through urban retail markets

    • Farmers

    • Traders

  • Chickens are sold live

  • No grading for eggs


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Horticulture Marketing

  • Marketing channels vary according to crop and Region

  • Mostly delivered directly to markets by farmers

  • 37% of banana products sold to traders at farm gate

  • Fruit trade is dominated by wholesalers

  • Good market facilities


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Field Crop Marketing

  • Subsistence farmers

  • Marketing channels

    • Farmer to consumer

    • Farmer to trader/village collectors

    • Farmer to Eritrean Grain Board

  • Import of field crops is common

  • Prices rises from time to time


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Main Farming Systems

  • Sedentary rain fed cereal/pulses system

  • Mixed cereal/pulse system

  • Agro-pastoralism

  • Nomadic pastoralist system

  • Spate irrigation farming system

  • Commercial farming system



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