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President of Conference of NGOs (CONGO) http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/cs-congo/1.pdf ... Cuba http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/g-cuba/1.pdf ...

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Key Statements

On NGOs/multistakeholders in UN proceedings:

PrepCom chair http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/prepcom-opening/1.doc

President of Conference of NGOs (CONGO) http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/cs-congo/1.pdf

Vivendi http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/ps-vivendi/1.doc

World Bank http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/io-world-bank/1.doc

Civil Society Orgs in West Asia & Middle East/ IRAN http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/cs-ictrc/1.doc

International Federation of Journalists: http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/cs-ifj/1.doc


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Key Statements on IG

India http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/g-india/1.doc

Cuba http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/g-cuba/1.pdf

China http://www.itu.int/wsis/tunis/statements/docs/g-china/1.doc


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Internet Governance

Claudia Rosett, Journalist, Foundation for the Defense of Democracies

http://osm.org/site/articles/20051130rosettinternet/

Ang Peng Hwa, WGIG member, Singapore

http://osm.org/site/articles/20051204angpenghwa


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Review of Wilson’s Aims in IRDC

  • To develop the strategic restructuring framework

  • To explain interactions between structure & agency in the information revolution in developing countries through comparative analysis of 3 cases


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Strategic Restructuring Model

Questions @ technology diffusion involve multiple factors:

  • What is the main cause of global diffusion patterns– economic structure, govt policies, or tech?

  • What mechanisms allow these technologies to diffuse?

  • Do diffusion dynamics portend greater equality or inequality?

  • Why do countries with similar structural and economic features have divergent patterns of ICT distribution? (p. 37)


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Strategic Restructuring Model

  • Dependent variable: technology diffusion

  • Independent variables:

    • Structures (social, political, economic)

    • Institutions (persistent patterns of roles and incentives)

    • Politics (esp. elite individual’s strategic behaviors)

    • Govt. Policies (a mix of 4 policy balances: priv-pub initiative, competition-monopoly, foreign-domestic, centralized-decentralized)


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Key Findings on ICT Diffusionsolicit examples for each finding from Wilson & WSIS countries

  • Remarkable similarities across countries

  • Individual ICT champions: major influence

  • MNCs: modest influence on ICTD

  • Structures & their links to institutions play a determining role in ICTD

    • Social networks determine technical networks

    • ICTD: a global process of sequential local innovation and restructuring


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Key Findings on ICT Diffusion(Cont.)

  • Effective access to ICTs is more difficult than formal access

    • International Computer Driving License

  • ICTD requires leadership, policies, and $$

  • ICTs’ effects to date

    • On LDCs as a whole: limited

    • On small cadres of national elites: very significant

  • LDCs vary widely in capacity to create an indigenous culture of knowledge innovation


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Key Finding on SRS Framework

The strategic restructuring model is a robust characterization of the complex causal processes of political, institutional, and policy changes that have occurred across the ICT sectors.

  • It works empirically

    as Wilson theorized it would


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Manuel Castells’ “Making Sense of Our World”

  • Castells: a leading theorist of globalization http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Communication_Theory/Network_Society

  • Published in 1998 as the concluding chapter to a 3 volume (1000 page) trilogy on globalization, ICTs, and identity

  • Touches on many of the course topics and themes

  • Addresses social, economic, and political shifts in the “Information Age”


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Castells’ concept of Informationalism

  • Definition:

    • “a technological paradigm based on the augmentation of the human capacity of information processing and communication made possible by the revolutions in microelectronics, software, and genetic engineering”

  • Informationalism has become the material foundation of core-zone society

    • Generation of wealth

    • Exercise of power

    • Creation of cultural codes

      ->now depend on ICT capacity


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Sites of Change inthe Information Society

  • Relationships of production

  • Social class relationships

    ->Who are the producers now, and who appropriates the products of their labor?

  • Power relations

    • Crisis of the nation-state as sovereign entity

    • Crisis of political democracy


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Sites of Change (cont.)

  • Globalization of capital

  • Multilateralization of power institutions

  • Decentralization of authority to regional and local governments

     induce a new geometry of power, and perhaps a new form of state: the “network state”


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Sites of Change (cont.)

  • “Cultural battles are the power battles of the Information Age”

  • Fought primarily in and by the media

  • Power lies in networks of information exchange & symbolic manipulation

  • Network society: the new social structure of the Info Age


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