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Disciplines and laboratory methods
Prepared by: Satu Kurkela and Sabine Dittrich
And Aftab Jasir
Consensus definition for PHM laid out by the group of microbiologists representing
the member states of the EU within the ECDC National Microbiology Focal Point Network
“The two sides of the same medal”
Environmental dataEpi and lab – room for synergy?
Infecious disease epidemiology
– Hypothesis -> risk factors -> methods to make conlusions from incomplete data
– Evidence of the presence of pathogen, but not everyone can be sampled and the problems don’t stop there...
Public health microbiology
Essential functions of a PHL are not exclusive
Many public health laboratories conduct both public health and clinical diagnostic services
Many public health laboratories conduct both public health and research
Some public health laboratories produce and sell vaccines or biologicals (ex: Cantacuzino Institute, Roumania: diagnostic antisera; Pasteur Institute, Senegal: yellow fever vaccine)
…..what is the difference and who is the best contact for what…
CDC/Dr. James Feeley
Crystal violet stain
Example Salmonella and E-coli
Antibiotic susceptibility testing
DNA is usually a double-helix and has two strands running in
(There are some examples of viral DNA which are single-stranded).
Each chain is a polymer of subunits called nucleotides (hence the name
Minimum spanning tree of 240 strains Salmonella Enteritidis by MLVAGenotypic typing methods
McDougal LK et al, 2003, J Clin Microbiol 41:5113-20
Prof. Matthias Niedrig, RKI