East Timor is the newest country in the world which got total independence on May 20, 2002. ... ensure that the people of East Timor have access to water for health and ...
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Gregorio de Araujo
Adao soares Barbosa
As a paper work for the First Policy Forum on Urban environmental Management in Southeast Asia, 18-19 August 2005 in Thailand
2.1. National Initiatives
a. fresh water is a finite and vulnerable resource, essential to sustain life, development and the environment;
b. water development and management should be based on a participatory approach, involving users, planners and policy-makers at all levels;
c. women play a central role in the provision, management and safeguarding of water,
d. water has an economic value in all its competing uses and should be recognized as a social and an economic good
2.2. Policy statement – Policy thrusts
Protection of water quality must be based on a master plan, include dilution water quality standard and continuous monitoring.
Scope Master Plan shall conclude the following basic requirements:
Therefore WatSan Sector in its objectives to manage the water resources of Timor – Leste in a sustainable, efficient and equitable manner to:
Gender equality : Women play a central role in the provision, management and safeguarding of water.
Gender equality refers to equal opportunities and outcomes for women and men.
3. Policy formulation process
3.1.1. Agency Coordination and Cooperation:
To ensure that the objects of this Regulation are achieved, the Director is required to regularly consult and cooperate with:
3.1.2. Customary Law and Traditions:
The principles that will apply to community managed water supply systems are founded on customary law, including:
3.2. Involvement of stakeholders
3.2.1. Public-Private Partnerships:
3.2.2. Gender Equality:
Women play a central role in the provision, management and safeguarding of water.
Gender equality refers to equal opportunities and outcomes for women and men. This involves the removal of discrimination and structural inequalities in an access to resources, opportunities and services, and the promotion of equal rights. Equality does not mean that the women should be the same as men. Promoting equality recognizes that men and women have different roles and needs, and take these into account in development planning and programming.
4. Policy Implementation tools and Instruments
The WSS has ensured that the 2005-06 programs will not significantly increase RDTL operating costs in the future years. WSS/SAS is also working closely with all WatSan stakeholders (including TFET PMU, bilateral donors and NGOs) to further minimize future operating costs by encouraging the alignment of their projects with WSS/SAS program objectives. Some activities, such as capacity building, water resource management, water demand management, and leakage control will decrease future operating costs.
Approval of legislation;
Setting and approval of tariff policy and tariff notification;
Implementation of an IEC program to inform customers of tariff & billing proposals;
Planning design and implementation of meter reading, billing and collection system including training of SAS staff (or appointment of private sector service providers).
4.3. Education and Promotion including Public Information:
Community participation in WSS/SAS program is important from a number of perspectives. WSS/SAS is a service provider and needs to respond to the needs of consumers (within a defined framework). Therefore it is essential that the community are informed about SAS program and have the opportunity to contribute to their development and implementation. This is important across all sub-sectors including urban water supply, community water supply & sanitation, and urban sanitation.
SAS also requires community support to assist in the management of assets. This is not simply the case in community water supply & sanitation where the community in fact owns the assets, but it also applies in the case of urban water supply, and urban sanitation. The community need to be informed about a wide range of water and sanitation issues in order that they will support SAS in management of its assets and the delivery of services. It is particularly important to gain community trust in order to minimise wilful damage to assets by consumers.
Community information, education and communication programs are required to inform communities about SAS activities. These programs will be generally of two types:
General IEC programs to inform communities about a range of water and sanitation issues on a regular basis;
Specific IEC programs designed to inform communities and generate feedback on specific programs and projects such as for example proposed new capital works, the introduction of tariffs, UFW programs etc.