Turkey : What measures to manage conflict of interest in the public sector? ... So what are we doing to change the
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OECD-MENA GfDManaging the Performance andReinforcing the Integrity of Civil Servants
Regional High Level Capacity Building Seminar
24-25 May 2007
Rabat - Morocco
M E R H A B A interest in the public sector?
CPI 2002 3.2
CPI 2006 3.8
We are moving in the right direction but we have to accelerate...
But “where” in Turkey?
Sector ___2004__________2005 Tax Administration 4.2 4.2Private Sector / Business world 4.1 4.0 Customs 4.1 4.1 Healthcare Services 4.1 4.1 Local Services 4.1 4.0 Political Parties 4.0 4.1Police 4.0 4.0 Judicial System 3.9 4.0 Education System 3.9 4.0 Parliament, Legislative Power 3.8 3.9 Media 3.8 3.8 Licence and Permit Services 3.8 3.7Non-governmental organizations 3.5 3.6 Religious Services 3.3 3.4 Armed Forces 3.1 3.3
* (1) no corruption, (5) high level of corruption)
(Transparency International 2004 and 2005GlobalCorruption Reports)
Art. 228 – Public service should be done in line with the related legislations. If a public officer breaches this rule the punishment is up to 4.5 years of imprisonment.
Art. 235 – Public procurement related crimes – up to 12 years of imprisonment
Art. 250 – Using the influence of his position for his/her interest or a third party’s interest – up to 10 years of imprisonment.
Breaches of respect to secrecy
– for other individiuals’ secrecy – up to 3 years (art. 239)
– for secrets related to the duty – up to 4 years of imprisonment.
- Investigative powers (inspectors, prosecutors)
- Ministry of Finance
- Ethics Board for Public Service.
Relevant body should should fully cooperate with them. Failing to cooperate - up to 3 years of imprisonment
- books, cd s, calendars, etc.
- gifts or rewards of symbolic souvenir value publicly held competitions and activities,
- Advertisement and handicraft products of symbolic value which are distributed to everyone
List of the gifts should be submitted to Ethics Board for Public Service every year before the end of January.