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High visibility events that demonstrate technical advances to the public including motorsports campaigns. e.g., Audi R10 first diesel vehicle ...

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Top Performers in 2006

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Top Performers in 2006


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New Technologies

Ed Wall, Program Manager

DOE Vehicle Technologies Program

September 25, 2007


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The latest on emerging technologies including:

New light-duty diesel product plans

Vehicle conversion kits

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles

E85 engine optimization

NEW TECHNOLOGIES


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2007 Models

Jeep

Grand Cherokee CRD

Mercedes-Benz

E320 BLUETEC Sedan

GL-Class (320/420) CDI

ML320 CDI

R320 CDI

Volkswagen

Touareg V10 TDI

Future Models

Jeep

Grand Cherokee with new Clean Diesel Engine

Audi

2008 Q7 SUV

BMW

2008

DaimlerChrysler

2009 Dodge

Ford

2008 F-Series

Honda

2010 4 cyl. engine

Hyundai

Nissan

2010 Maxima

Volkswagen

2008 Jetta TDI

Current & Future LD Diesel Vehicle Availability


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MotorWeek Clip


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Addressing Diesel’s Image Deficit

  • Initiate campaign to educate opinion makers and policymakers about the advances in diesel technology and the benefits that advanced diesels can provide for the economy, the environment, and for consumers.

  • High visibility events that demonstrate technical advances to the public including motorsports campaigns.

    • e.g., Audi R10 first diesel vehicle wins Le Mans and Sebring, (using DOE/Dow DPF).

  • Marketing: Promoting diesel sales through advertising and through promotion of alternative fuel strategies that relate to diesels.

    • Biodiesel projects to address customer interest in renewable fuel capability.

  • Customer experience: The biggest gains in diesel acceptance will come through successful customer experience as more diesel vehicle models appear in the United States in 2008.

  • EPA has a website: http://www.clean-diesel.org/ to educate and inform the public about diesel vehicles.


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E85 Engine Optimization Efforts

  • Today’s FFVs are closer to “ethanol tolerant” than to “ethanol optimized”

  • E85 FFVs have reduced fuel economy using E85 due to lower energy content of the fuel (relative to gasoline)

  • Fuel economy penalty can be reduced due to ethanol’s properties (mainly high octane)

  • DOE recently made seven awards to develop a production-intended, ethanol optimized engine for FFVs

    • Production-intended

    • Projects will run approximately 3 years

    • Each has at least 50% cost share


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Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle

  • Background

    • What is a PHEV? A hybrid vehicle with batteries that can be recharged by connecting a plug to an electrical power source.

    • Benefits include: improved fuel economy, electric utility power operating efficiency, and reduced greenhouse gases

    • Barriers include battery cost and abuse tolerance, battery life, and uncertain consumer behavior

  • DOE Efforts:

    • DOE PHEV R&D Plan published

    • DOE performing test/evaluation of Li-ion batteries and PHEV conversions

    • $28M Li-ion Battery Solicitation issued through USABC

    • 5 Power Electronics and Electric Machines projects selected in FY07

    • Analytic Studies (Vehicle modeling & simulation; National benefits & impacts)

    • DOE continues to coordinate this work with National labs, Federal agencies, electric utilities, and other stakeholders.

  • Industry Status:

    • No OEM vehicles available today

    • No EPA approved plug-in conversions currently available


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Vehicle Conversions

  • Uncertainty with E85 & Plug-In Hybrid conversions

  • The Department does not support or encourage the use of non-certified conversion kits

    • An AFV needs to be engineered to be an AFV!!!

  • Conversions are much more difficult and complex than most people realize

  • Also, all systems must have EPA certification – and there are no certified FFV or PHEV kits at this time

    • Despite this, pirate kits are now available over the internet


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MotorWeek Clip


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What you can do to help Vehicle Technologies

  • We have expanded the range of technologies to be deployed under the Department’s purview

    • Includes the traditional petroleum replacement by alternative fuels

    • Expanded to include the broad range of efficiency-enhancing technologies within the VT portfolio, e.g.,

      • Light-duty diesel: potentially the most effective tool in our arsenal

      • Idle Reduction Technologies for heavy-duty

      • Advanced Hybrids & Plug-In Hybrids, as they become available

      • Combination technologies: Ford Escape FFV Hybrid


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UltraLight Electric Transit Bus

  • Challenge: Conventional transit buses use too much fuel and are not environmentally friendly - 81,000 buses use 550 million gallons of fuel/year (2004), capital equipment is $3.7 billion

  • Description: Autokinetics has developed a bus that is 50% lighter but more durable than a conventional bus and is powered by batteries and will achieve a 3X improvement in fuel economy with a 150 mile range

  • Impact: Significantly reduce fuel consumption for transit agencies while improving reliability and life, and reducing emissions and operating costs.

  • IP: Autokinetics holds US patent no. 6,685,254

  • Status: Looking to build 5 buses for on-road testing with a transit agency and FTA Altoona Test certification. Will need full-scale structural test for certification. Eventually will develop and install small diesel engine for a hybrid system to extend range

    • Available for commercial licensing by manufacturer

    • Seeking partner to develop production ready bus

Design and fabricate lightweight frame, all electrical components, and use sodium nickel chloride batteries (high energy density, long cycle life, large % discharge) for power.

50% lighter, stronger, 3X fuel economy, no emissions


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