The somali and makua
Download
1 / 21

The Somali and Makua - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 213 Views
  • Uploaded on

Dominate in Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya. Image 1-

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Somali and Makua' - Kelvin_Ajay


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The somali and makua l.jpg

The Somali and Makua

Taytra Todd

March 14 2006


Outline summary l.jpg

Makua

Location & Population

History

Economic

Language

Political System

Culture

Art

Somali

Location & Population

History

Economic

Political System

Culture

Art

Outline Summary


Location and population l.jpg
Location and Population

  • Eastern Africa

  • Official name: Somali

  • Independent in 1960

    • Before then United Kingdom ruled North and Italy ruled South

  • 10 million residents

  • Dominate in Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya

Image 1- “horn” slightly smaller than Texas


History l.jpg
History

  • Emerged as Arab settlement in 10th century

  • United Kingdom ruled northern part

  • Italy ruled southern part

  • Bought by Italy in 1905

  • Portuguese influence

  • Gain independence July 1 1960

    • when Somalia was created

Image 2: men on horses


Economy l.jpg
Economy

  • Agrarian

    • Herding camel, cattle, goat, sheep

  • Bananas- along the Shabelle and Jubba Rivers-export

  • Fishing

  • Import- food, petroleum, textiles

  • Sugar, sorghum, corn, qat-imports

  • Export- Hides, fish, charcoal, bananas

  • Few light industries

    • Meat and fish processing

3 Image Bushel of Bananas


Language l.jpg
Language

  • Somali (official) also called “Af-Mahaa”

  • Arabic, Italian, and English also spoken

  • Guddiga Laan Qeyrta Cas ee caalamiga ah waxay bilaabeen gurmad cunto inay gaarsiiyaan nus malyuun qof oo ku nool Koonfurta Somalia, halkaasoo ay sheegeen in abaarto ay durbadiiba ka abuurtay xaalad bani'aadanimo oo aad u xun.

Image 4: Somali written language


Political l.jpg
Political

  • No permanent national government - Transitional government

  • Somali Republic

    • Executive branch, legislative, judicial,

  • Numerous clans are vying for power

  • Interim government created in 2004

  • Clan system


Culture l.jpg
Culture

  • Nomadic Society

  • Live in small shelters

  • No railroads

    • Less than 1% own a car

  • Matrilineal society

Image 5: Somali family


Entertainment l.jpg
Entertainment

  • Reciting poetry

  • Chanting

  • Soccer & sports games

  • Loved death war prizes possessions

    • Horse, and camel

Image 6: Festival taking place


Clothing l.jpg
Clothing

  • Brightly colored cloth

    • Draped over body like a toga

  • Men- war kilt garment called “lungi” or a “maowey”

  • Cities and towns- dress is as modern as U.S.

Image 7: Little girls in school


Slide11 l.jpg

Image 7: Outside view of huts

Image 8: Inside view of huts


Location and population12 l.jpg
Location and Population

  • Southern part of Africa bordering Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania

  • Makua are spread throughout central Mozambique- largest ethnic group making up 25% of the population-dominating southern provinces

11 Image- map of Mozambique


History13 l.jpg
History

  • Late 15th Century- Portuguese influence

    • Wanted a point between Europe and the East and to control the gold trade

  • Mid 16th Century- Ivory replaces gold

  • 18th century- huge slave trade- hundred thousands (possibly 1 million)

  • Colonial period- 1891 British-Portuguese treaty signed- split of south v. north and central

  • Independent in 1975 from Portuguese


Economic l.jpg
Economic

  • Mainly built on the natural resources

  • Export copra, fish, cashews, nuts, seafood

  • Agrarian society


Culture15 l.jpg
Culture

  • Dance accompanies ever major occasion

    • Tell a story

    • Costumes

    • Rattles tied to legs

  • Makwaela- a cappella singing by foot percussion

5 Image straw top huts


Culture continued l.jpg
Culture continued

  • Matrilineal society

  • Live based on community values

    • Live facing the lion


Political system l.jpg
Political System

  • One really isn’t established, they are in economic decline

  • Many are illiterate- over 95% of the population was in 1975

  • They need help from already established powers like Europe and North America


Slide18 l.jpg
Art

Image 11: wood carving

Image 12: wood carving


Comparison l.jpg

Eastern Africa

Matrilineal

Agrarian society

Somali Republic

Portuguese influence

Independence in 1962

Muslim

Southern Africa

Patrilineal

Agrarian society

No political system

Portuguese influence

Independence in 1975

Muslim

Comparison


Image bibliography l.jpg
Image Bibliography

  • Image 1: “Somalia.” 3 March 2005. 13 March 2006. <http://homepage.hispeed.ch/somalia/>

  • Image 2: “History of Somalia.” Somali Peninsula on the Eve of Imperial Partition.

  • 07 November 2002. 10 March 2006. <http://www.hamarey.com/index.php/article/articleview/772/1/9/>

  • Image 3: Sharrock, Suzanne. INIBAP13 March 2006.<http://www.futureharvest.org/news/banana_popups/banana_1.html>

  • Image 4: “History of Somalia.” Geeska Africa oo Abaartu ku sooo badanaysa. 15 March 2006. 15 March 2006. < http://www.hamarey.com/index.php/article/archive/8/>.

  • Image 5: Save the Children. “Where we work/East & Central Africa/Somalia.” 15 March 2006. <http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/scuk/jsp/wherewework/country.jsp>

  • Image 6: “Welcome to see my collections of Somali items and images!” No title.No date. 15 March 2006. <http://www.uwasa.fi/~f76941/Culture.htm>

  • Image 7: “Welcome to see my collections of Somali items and images!” No title.No date. 15 March 2006. <http://www.uwasa.fi/~f76941/Culture.htm>

  • Image 8: “Welcome to see my collections of Somali items and images!” No title.No date. 15 March 2006. <http://www.uwasa.fi/~f76941/Culture.htm>

  • Image 9: “Welcome to see my collections of Somali items and images!” No title.No date. 15 March 2006. <http://www.uwasa.fi/~f76941/Culture.htm>

  • Image 10:UNICEF. “Mozambique.” <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/mozambique.html> 13 March 2006.


Bibliography l.jpg
Bibliography

  • Fitzpatrick, Mary. Mozambique. London: Lonely Planet Publications, 2000.

  • Gunther, John. Inside Africa. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1953.

  • Else, David, Kevin Anglin, Becca Blond. Africa on a Shoestring. Oakland: Lonely Planet Publications Pty Ltd, 2004.

  • “Somalia.” Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition. 12 Mar. 2006. <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9074997>.

  • “Mozambique.” Encyclopedia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Online School Edition. 12 Mar. 2006. <http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9074997>.

  • “Mozambique.” CIA- The World Factbook—Mozambique. 10 January 2006. 14 March 2006. <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/mz.html>.

  • “Somalia.” CIA- The World Factbook—Mozambique. 10 January 2006. 14 March 2006. <http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/print/mz.html>.


ad