Smoking causes an estimated 440,000 premature deaths annually in the United States (1 in ... Smoking cessation is the most important, cost effective preventive ...
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Smoking Cessation: the pharmacotherapeutic and non-pharmacotherapeutic approaches to addictive behavior
Andrea C. McKean
February 22, 2007
Kentucky (30.6%)Kentucky (26.9%)
Indiana (29.7%) West Virginia (26%)
Alabama (29.5%) Indiana (25.1%)
Diseases/Conditions caused by Smoking
Cardiovascular Dz: stroke, HTN, CAD, Aortic aneurysms, and peripheral vascular disease
Cancer: larynx, oral cavity, esophagus, lung, stomach, cervix, pancreas, kidneys, and bladder
Respiratory Dz: chronic bronchitis, COPD, Emphysema, Pneumonia
Other: osteoporosis, cataracts, gum disease, gastric and duodenal ulcers
Compared to smokers …
Stroke risk is reduced to that of a person who never smoked after 5 to 15 years of not smoking.
Cancers of the mouth, throat, and esophagus risks are halved 5 years after quitting.
Cancer of the larynx risk is reduced after quitting.
Coronary heart disease risk is cut by half 1 year after quitting and is nearly the same as someone who never smoked 15 years after quitting.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease risk of death is reduced after you quit.
Lung cancer risk drops by as much as half 10 years after quitting.
Ulcer risk drops after quitting.
Bladder cancer risk is halved a few years after quitting.
Peripheral artery disease goes down after quitting.
Cervical cancer risk is reduced a few years after quitting.
Low birthweight baby risk drops to normal if you quit before pregnancy or during your first trimester
Non-Pharmacotherapies (Behavioral Therapies)
Brief counseling (< 3 min)
Support groups Web Sites Quit-lines
Ask (about smoking)
Advise (to stop)
Assess (will to stop)
Assist (will to stop)
Arrange (f/u visits)
Risks (of tobacco use)
Rewards (of quitting)
Roadblocks (to cessation)
Repetition (every visit)