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Outlawed as terrorist organizations in the UK and Ireland ... Service had no apparent connections to any terrorist groups and seems to have been targeted only because he ...

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red hand defenders

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RED HAND DEFENDERS Terrorist Group

Group Presentation:

Candace Munoz

Desiree Lampkins

Erika Ramos

Parambir Sangha


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Who Are They?

  • Extremist group

  • Formed in 1998

  • Cover name used by the banned Ulster Defense Association and Loyalist Volunteer Force

  • Red Hand of Ulster is commonly associated with Protestants; also used by unionists and loyalists to symbolize Northern Ireland


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Loyalist Volunteer Force and Ulster Defense Association

  • Loyalist paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland

  • Outlawed as terrorist organizations in the UK and Ireland

  • Groups express denounce support for the Good Friday Agreement

  • Seen to be defending the loyalist community from Irish republican terrorism

  • Their objectives being to retain British rule in Northern Ireland


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Their Philosophy

  • Red Hand Defender name is used by larger loyalist groups to conduct attacks while their organizations appear to observe cease-fires

  • Opposed to the Good Friday Agreement

  • Inspired from scripture from the Bible

    Deuteronomy 7:2

    “And the Lord thy God shall have delivered them to thee: thou shalt utterly destroy them. Thou shalt make no league with them, nor show mercy to them…neither shalt thou make marriages with them”


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Good Friday Agreement

  • Also known as the Belfast Agreement

  • Major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process

  • It was signed in Belfast on April 10th, 1998 (Good Friday) by the British and the Irish governments and endorsed by most Northern Ireland political parties

  • Some Main Provisions of the Agreement…


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ATTACKS/MEMBERS

  • 28 Attacks were done by the

    Red Hand Defenders in the

    years of 1998-2002

  • There are 20 members in this terrorist group


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Targets/Finance

  • There Targets:

    • Churches

    • Homes

    • Private businesses

  • Finances:

    • Many sources say that the RHD have no external aid


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Conflict

  • The conflict in Northern Ireland is both religious and political.

  • Ireland was divided in 1920 one half remained part of the United Kingdom and the other half became the Republic of Ireland.

  • Many of the catholic republicans have complained because they feel the government is treating them like second class citizens and want to unite Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland but most of the protestants want Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom.


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Activities

  • The UVF has been active in Belfast and the border areas of Northern Ireland

  • bombings, assassinations, kidnappings, hijackings, extortion, and robberies.

  • On occasion, it has provided advance warning to police of its attacks.

  • The Independent Monitoring Commission has said that the UVF was responsible for four killings in 2005


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THERE FIRST ATTACK!!On October 31st, 1998

RED HAND DEFENDERS (RHD) ATTACKED PRIVATE CITIZENS & PROPERTY TARGET Target: Private Citizens & Property\

Tactic: AssassinationWeapon: FirearmsFatalities: 1Injuries: UnknownAttack Claimed: YesDescription: The Red Hand Defenders claimed responsibility for killing Brian Service, a Catholic man, as he walked home on the streets of Belfast. He was shot several times in the back and head. Service had no apparent connections to any terrorist groups and seems to have been targeted only because he was Catholic.


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There Last AttackDecember 19, 2002

RED HAND DEFENDERS (RHD) ATTACKED PRIVATE CITIZENS & PROPERTY TARGET Target: Private Citizens & PropertyTactic: BombingWeapon: ExplosivesFatalities: 0Injuries: 0Attack Claimed: Yes

Description: Loyalists are being blamed for throwing a pipe bomb into a home in north Belfast. Twin boys, aged 6, who were asleep at the time of the attack were unharmed. It is believed that this home was targeted because the owner, Terri Fegan's boyfriend is a republican. The blast blew a large hole in the front door of the home. Note: The Red Hand Defenders later claimed responsibility for this attack, which was designed to make nationalists fearful during the Christmas holiday.


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References

  • Pike, J. (2003). Red hand defenders. Retrieved January 31, 2007, from http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/rhd.htm

  • Red hand defenders. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2007, from http://www.tkb.org/Group.jsp?groupID=93

  • Belfast agreement. (n.d.). Retrieved February 17, 2007, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Good_Friday_Agreement

  • Ulster defence association. (n.d). Retrieved February 10, 2007, from http://www.answers.com.topic/ulster-defence-association

  • Loyalist volunteer force. (n.d.). Retrieved February 10, 2007, from http://www.answers.com/topic/loyalist-volunteer-force


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