Species at risk
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A plant or animal that is at risk of extinction because of threats ... Dromedary Jumping Slug. Seaside Centipede Lichen. Parks Canada participates on teams to ...

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What is a species at risk?

A plant or animal that is at risk of extinction because of threats caused by humans such as building golf courses and roads and cultivating native prairie.


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Some species in Canada have already disappeared

Plains Grizzly Bear Black-footed Ferret


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Levels of Risk

Special Concern - a species that may become threatened because of certain biological characteristics and identified threats

Threatened – a species that may become endangered unless actions are taken to reverse the factors leading to its extirpation

Endangered– at imminent threat of extirpation

Extirpated – gone from the wild in Canada, but not other parts of the world

Extinct – no longer exist anywhere


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Extinction

  • Natural phenomenon - continuous low rate

  • Mass extinctions have been relatively rare

  • Due to humans, the extinction rate has increased to 400 species listed

  • We could be in another mass extinction period

  • Half the species existing may be extinct by 2100


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Black-tailed Prairie Dog (special concern)

Broad flat river valleys and upland grasses:


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Burrowing Owl Habitat (endangered)

Grazed grasslands and on black-tailed prairie dog towns in Grasslands National Park of Canada:


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Western Prairie Fringed Orchid (endangered)

Wet, poorly drained, sandy to gravelly soils in the tall-grass prairie:


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Western Silvery Aster (threatened)

Well-drained soil on the prairies:


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Swift Fox (Endangered)

Open, sparsely vegetated short-grass and mixed-grass prairie, where visibility and mobility are unimpeded:


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Prairie Skink (endangered)

Sandy areas with adequate cover, such as native grasses:


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Woodland Caribou, boreal population (threatened)

Large un-fragmented, mature to old-growth forests:


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What is the Species at Risk Act?

A federal law that aims to conserve all native wildlife in Canada

A pathway to achieve conservation through protection and recovery measures

One tool available in Canada for the conservation of wildlife and the fulfillment of promises made in the ratification of the Convention on Biological Diversity


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Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD) is an internationally legally binding treaty. It's objective is to develop different kinds of strategies (on a national level) for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity (the degree of variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or even an entire planet).

The CBD goes about doing this in 3 ways:

1. The conservation of biodiversity.

2. Sustainable use of it's components.

3. Fair and equitable sharing of benefits that come from genetic resources.


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Critical Habitat:The habitat needed for the survival or recovery of endangered, threatened or extirpated species.


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Parks Canada has taken the lead on developing recovery plans for these species (and others):

(From left to Right)

Swift Fox

Greater Sage Grouse

Banff Springs Snail

Mormon Metalmark

Black-footed Ferret

American Badger

Dromedary Jumping Slug

Seaside Centipede Lichen

Parks Canada participates on teams to write plans for many other species across the country.


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Why are all species important? for these species (and others):

The disappearance of one species can have large effects on other species. They are all a part of an ecosystem.


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Solutions for these species (and others):

Responsible Forest Management, which takes into account the biological needs of wildlife and ecosystems as well as communities' needs for timber and jobs.

Making sure that parks and protected areas are large enough to maintain viable wildlife populations. Protected areas should be connected by wide corridors to allow wildlife to move around, helping preserve genetic diversity.

As consumers of wood and paper products, we can send a powerful signal in the marketplace by only buying products derived from ecologically managed forests


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