Although bipolar disorder is equally common in women and men, ... Bipolar disorder is more likely to affect the children of parents who have the disorder. ...
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Approximately 20.9 million American adults, or about 9.5 percent of the U.S. population age 18 and older in a given year, have a mood disorder.
The median age of onset for mood disorders is 30
Depressive disorders often co-occur with anxiety disorders and substance abuse.
Energy = fatigue
Appetite disturbance/weight gain/loss
Suicidal/thoughts of death
Plays important role as a neurotransmitter in the modulation & control of: anger, aggression, body temperature, mood, sleep, sexuality, appetite and metabolism. A hormone most commonly associated with mood. Release of the chemical by the brain linked with well-being. Found in pineal gland, blood platelets, digestive tract, brain & nerve tissue. Concentrated in certain areas of the brain: Hypothalamus and Midbrain contain large amounts Cortex and Cerebellum contain low concentrations.
Like most neurotransmitters, stored in granules inside nerve endings.
Serotonin is a chemical derived from the amino acid tryptophan.
Brain concentrations are affected by diet: Generally, carbohydrate-rich diets increase tryptophan levels, accelerating serotonin production.
Some protein-rich diets compete with tryptophan to get across the blood-brain barrier, depress tryptophan uptake into the brain, and reduce serotonin levels.
DOPAMINE Hormone-like substance, is an important neurotransmitter.
When present in normal quantities, dopamine facilitates critical brain functions
More recently, researchers have explored dopamine neurotransmission role in the abuse of drugs ranging from stimulants, such as amphetamines and cocaine, to depressants, such as morphine and other opioids, and alcohol.
Dopamine is produced in several areas of the brain: Ventral tegmental area midbrain affecting: cognition, motivation drug addiction
Substantial nigra midbrain affecting: reward, addiction, and movement
Cocaine—reuptake inhibitor Amphetamines—expulsion of large quantities
low-level state of depressed mood that lasts a long time. The depressed state of dysthymia is not as severe as with major depression, but can be just as disabling.
Symptoms: * Low self-esteem,self-confidence, feelings of inadequacy * Feelings of pessimism, despair or hopelessness * Generalized loss of interest or pleasure * Social withdrawal * Chronic fatigue or tiredness * Feelings of guilt or brooding about the past * Subjective feelings of irritability or excessive anger * Decreased activity, effectiveness or productivity * Difficulty in thinking: poor memory, poor concentration or indecisiveness
Dysthymic disorder is diagnosed when these symptoms last for more than two years in adults and a person has not been symptom-free for > two months at a time.
People with dysthymia may be unaware that they have an illness. They might be able to go to work and manage their lives to some degree.
However, they may be irritable, stressed, or sleeplessmuch of the time.
Many people with dysthymia believe their symptoms are just part of their personality. It may be more difficult for them to seek treatment.
About 3-6% of the population has dysthymic disorder. People with dysthymia often have their first symptoms earlier in life than those with major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder.
Depressed stateMood Disorders-Bipolar
PET scans show that brain energy consumption rises and falls with emotional swings
Option 1 Case Study Mood &/or Anxiety Disorders Contact Facility/Practice Receive Permission & Interview (Common Cases, Recidivism, Greatest Challenges, Trends, Pharmaceutical Views Opportunities) Respect Anonymity Post Results
Option 2: Volunteer Crisis Call Center Locate Serve Reflect Respect Anonymity Post Results
HEADING: Name of Agency/Organization Position of Contact Professional w) Phone &/or Email Time(s)/Date(s) of Interview/Service WRITE-UP:Depth: Minimum 500 words Format: Q & A or Essay Content: Intro Why you selected, what you hoped to find out Body Range of questions and responses addressing common cases, recidivism/relapse, challenges, trends, opportunities, etc.Conclusion Reflections
Remember: you may use a case study, but that will be considered supplemental (EXTRA) to the primary assignment.