Measures of rehabilitation of degraded lands
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Measures of rehabilitation of degraded lands

Case study from Turkmenistan


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K A Z A K H S T A N

TURKMENISTAN

U Z B E K I S T A N

CASPIAN SEA

I R A N

TOTAL AREA 49 mln hectaresPOPULATION 5 mln

RANGELAND AREA 39 mln hectares

IRRIGATED AREA 2 mln hectares

AFGANISTAN


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LAND DEGRADATION IN THE DESERT

  • UNEVEN WATER SUPPLY OF RANGELAND LEADS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF DESERTIFICATION SPOTS NEAR THE WELLS AND SETTLEMENTS

VALUABLE FODDER CROPS DISAPPEAR AS A RESULT OF FELLING OF SHRUBS FOR FIREWOOD AND OTHER DOMESTIC NEEDS WHICH LEADS TO DEGRADATION OF DESERT RANGELAND


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LAND DEGRADATION IN MOUNTAINS

MOUNTAINOUS FOREST ARE SEVERELY DEGRADED AS A RESULT OF SHRUBS FELLING FOR FIREWOOD AND CONSTRUCTION NEEDS

DURING SPRING-SUMMER RAINFALL DESTRUCTIVE LANDSLIDES OCCUR ON THE MOUNTAINOUS SLOPES WITH DEGRADED VEGETATION

THIS LEADS TO WATER EROSION OF SOIL


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LAND DEGRADATION IN IRRIGATION AREAS

UNADEQUATE IRRIGATION OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS AND LACK OF DRAINAGE NETWORK ARE THE REASON OF SECONDARY SOIL SALINIZATION

EXISTING DRAINAGE SYSTEMS ARE NOT ALWAYS MEET THE TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS


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GOVERNMENT

SCIENTIFIC SUPPORT

LAND REHABILITATION ACTIVITIES

MECHANISM OF LAND CONSERVATION

  • ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY AND REGULATION

  • ESTABLISHMENT OF STATE COMMETTEE ON UN CONVENTIONS REALIZATION

  • SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DESERTS, FLORA AND FAUNA AS FOCAL POINT OF THE UNCCD

  • DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

  • NGOs CONTRIBUTION

  • PARTICIPATION OF AFFECTED POPULATION


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NIDFF

GTZ

BMZ

COMMUNITY-BASED RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

KARAKUM DESERT

KOPETDAG MOUNTAINS

IRRIGATION AREA

PARTICIPATION OF LOCAL PEOPLE

LAND REHABILITATION MEASURES


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LAND REHABILITATION MEASURESKARAKUM DESERT

BARE SAND DUNES ARE BEING STABILIZED BY THE MEAN OF MECHANICAL PROTECTION AND PLANTING OF SHRUBS

DEGRADED RANGELAND OF SAND DESERT ARE AFFORESTED BY THE PLANTING OF SHRUBS


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LAND REHABILITATION MEASURESKOPETDAG MOUNTAINS

FOREST NURSERIES ARE ESTABLISHED WITH THE HELP OF LOCAL PEOPLE

THE NEW TECHNOLOGIES OF IRRIGATION ARE INTRODUCED BY THE PROJECT’S EFFORT IN ORDER TO DEVELOP WASTE LAND


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LAND REHABILITATION MEASURES IN FOOTHILLS

THE METHODS OF SEED SOWING OF VARIOUS SPECIES OF FODDER PLANTS IS USED FOR THE CREATION OF ALL-THE- YEAR ROUND RANGELAND IN THE FOOTHILLS OF KOPETDAG MOUNTAINS


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LAND REHABILITATION MEASURESIRRIGATION AREA

IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE PROJECT THE SALINE LAND ARE DEVELOPED FOR CROP PRODUCTION


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LAND REHABILITATION MEASURES

JOINT-STOCK COMPANY “GREEN BELT” WAS ESTABLISHED WITH A SUPPORT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF TURKMENISTAN

NEAR 25 MILLION OF SEEDLINGS OF FOREST AND HORTICULTURAL TREES HAVE BEEN PLANTED OVER LAST 5 YEARS AROUND THE CAPITAL AND OTHER BIG CITIES IN TURKMENISTAN


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UNDP/UNSO

GL/CRSP

GLOBAL

MECHANISM

GTZ

UN CCD SECRETARIAT

USAID

TACIS

CO-OPERATION OF TURKMENISTAN IN THE FIELD OF LAND REHABILITATION

TURKMENISTAN

TO REALIZE THE UN CONVENTION TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION TURKMENISTAN CO-OPERATES WITH A NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS


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WE HAVE TO TAKE MEASURES TODAY,

SO THEY COULD LIVE ON THIS LAND TOMMOROW


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