Lottery Scholarships: Lessons Learned - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Lottery scholarships lessons learned l.jpg
Download
1 / 30

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Lottery Scholarships: Lessons Learned

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Lottery scholarships lessons learned l.jpg

Lottery Scholarships: Lessons Learned

William R. Doyle

Vanderbilt University


Lottery scholarships lessons learned2 l.jpg

Lottery Scholarships: Lessons Learned

Effect of lottery scholarships on:

  • Attendance rates

  • Student migration

  • Adult migration

  • Persistence and Completion

    Other Effects:

  • Unintended Consequences


Lottery scholarships characteristics l.jpg

Lottery Scholarships: Characteristics

Source: Heller, 2004


States with merit aid programs 1994 l.jpg

States With Merit Aid Programs, 1994


States with merit aid programs 1998 l.jpg

States With Merit Aid Programs, 1998


States with merit aid programs 2002 l.jpg

States With Merit Aid Programs, 2002


States with merit aid programs 2005 l.jpg

States With Merit Aid Programs, 2005


Shift in state based financial aid l.jpg

Shift in State-Based Financial Aid


Effect of merit scholarships on participation l.jpg

Effect of Merit Scholarships on Participation

  • Dynarski, 2000

  • Looked at attendance rates of young people in Georgia and other nearby states before and after implementation of HOPE

  • Found that HOPE increased the college participation rate of 18-19 year olds by 7.0 to 7.9 percentage points


Effect of merit scholarships on participation10 l.jpg

Effect of Merit Scholarships on Participation

Dynarski, 2000:

“Due to key differences between the federal and Georgia programs, these estimates should be treated as a generous upper bound . . .”


Effect of merit scholarships on participation11 l.jpg

Effect of Merit Scholarships on Participation

Dynarski, 2000:

“Further, the evidence suggests that Georgia’s program has widened the gap in college attendance between blacks and whites and between those from low- and high-income families.”


Effect of merit scholarships on participation12 l.jpg

Effect of Merit Scholarships on Participation

Cornwell and Mustard 2003

“We estimate that the scholarship increased the overall freshmen enrollment rate by 6.9 percentage points with the gains concentrated in 4-year schools.”


Effect of merit scholarships on participation13 l.jpg

Effect of Merit Scholarships on Participation

Binder and Ganderton 2002

“Despite its generous terms, NM Success has not increased the overall college enrollment rate among high school graduates.”


Effect of merit scholarships on participation14 l.jpg

Effect of Merit Scholarships on Participation

  • Many studies find that students are likely to shift from two-year to four-year institutions

  • Effect of lower prices, different incentives are posited to be possible causes


Effect of merit scholarships on student migration l.jpg

Effect of Merit Scholarships on Student Migration

Dynarski 2000

  • HOPE decreases the number of Georgia students attending out of state, from 5,000 to 4,500

  • Effect is particularly strong at institutions in border states with typically large freshmen enrollments from Georgia


Effect of merit scholarships on student migration16 l.jpg

Effect of Merit Scholarships on Student Migration

Cornwell and Mustard 2003

  • Utilize a slightly different methodology than Dynarski

  • Results are very similar: HOPE has encouraged more students to attend higher education in-state.


Effect of merit aid scholarships on adult migration l.jpg

Effect of Merit Aid Scholarships on Adult Migration

  • No evidence from the literature yet exists on this question

  • But:

    • More highly educated people are more mobile

    • Mobility among the educated is driven primarily by job market concerns


Effect of merit aid on persistence and completion l.jpg

Effect of Merit Aid on Persistence and Completion

Henry, Rubenstein and Bugler 2004

  • Looked at similar students above and below the “borderline” for HOPE

  • Students with HOPE:

    • Had more credit hours

    • Had higher GPA’s

    • Were more likely to graduate


Effect of merit aid on persistence and completion19 l.jpg

Effect of Merit Aid on Persistence and Completion

Binder and Ganderton 2002

  • Students with Success scholarships (NM) were more likely to drop out

  • Students with Success scholarships were also more likely to reduce credit hours and withdraw from courses


Merit aid programs unintended consequences l.jpg

Merit Aid Programs: Unintended Consequences

  • Grade Inflation: Bradbury and Campbell (2003) find that grade inflation did occur in Georgia high schools after HOPE was implemented

  • Lexus effect: Substition of scholarship dollars for consumption does occur (Cornwell and Mustard, 2002)

  • Tuition, Room and Board: Some evidence that college cost rise as a result of these scholarships (Long, 2003).


Who adopts merit aid programs l.jpg

Who Adopts Merit Aid Programs?

  • Factors associated with adoption

    • Low SAT/ACT Scores

    • Low outmigration

    • Low educational attainment

    • Higher levels of income

  • No relationship found between adoption and:

    • Political characteristics

    • Diffusion

      Source: Doyle, 2006


A decade of merit aid the summary l.jpg

A Decade of Merit Aid: The Summary

  • Participation: scholarships increase enrollment, but effect is different by state.

  • Participation: scholarships tend to shift student from two year to four year institutions

  • Migration: scholarships reduce out-of-state migration to attend college

  • Migration: no evidence on adult migration

  • Persistence: Evidence is mixed, no clear findings


Georgia hope recipients 1993 2002 l.jpg

Georgia: HOPE Recipients, 1993: 2002

Source: Georgia Student Finance Commission 2004


Georgia hope awards 1993 2002 in millions l.jpg

Georgia: HOPE Awards, 1993-2002(In Millions)

Source: Georgia Student Finance Commission 2004


Georgia lottery proceeds 1992 2002 l.jpg

Georgia: Lottery Proceeds, 1992-2002


Florida bright futures recipients l.jpg

Florida: Bright Futures Recipients

Source: CEPRI, 2003


Florida bright futures awards l.jpg

Florida: Bright Futures Awards

Source: CEPRI, 2003


Florida lottery proceeds 1992 2002 l.jpg

Florida: Lottery Proceeds, 1992-2002


West virginia lottery proceeds 1992 2002 l.jpg

West Virginia: Lottery Proceeds, 1992-2002


Issues for the future l.jpg

Issues for the Future

  • Long term academic effects:

    • Retention/completion

    • Academic major

    • High school performance

  • Effects on need based aid

    • Squeezing out of need-based programs

    • Need within merit/ Merit within need programs


  • Login