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Show how studying actual gambling behavior rather than self-reports provides insight into ... gambling is not as common among Internet sports bettors as the conventional wisdom ...

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Integrity internet sports gambling l.jpg

Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S.

Integrity & Internet Sports Gambling

  • European Gaming and Betting Association

  • European Parliament

  • Brussels, Belgium

February 17, 2009


Acknowledgments l.jpg
Acknowledgments

  • bwin Interactive Entertainment, AG

  • The National Center for Responsible Gaming

  • The Las Vegas Sand Corporation

  • Iowa Department of Public Health

  • Nevada Department of Public Health

  • Missouri Port Authority

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

  • National Institute on Mental Health

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse

  • Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling

  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

  • University of Nevada, Las Vegas

  • Richard LaBrie

  • Debi LaPlante

  • Sarah Nelson

  • Anja Schumann

  • Ziming Xuan

  • John Kleschinsky

  • Allyson Pellar

  • Leslie Bosworth

  • Ingrid Maurice

  • Sara Kaplan

  • Gabriel Caro

  • Chris Reilly

  • Chrissy Thurmond


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Objectives

  • Review the meaning of INTEGRITY

  • Show how studying actual gambling behavior rather than self-reports provides insight into whether Internet gambling compromises integrity

  • Consider some of the findings from our Internet-based research


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Oversimplifying Integrity:Three Primary Types

  • Self-integration - integrating parts of an individual or group into a harmonious whole

  • Individual or group identity - consistency of commitment

  • Representing personal virtue or moral purpose – holding these virtues limit the set of commitment options for an individual or group


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Integrity & the Internet

The Internet has integrity when:

  • Technological components have consistency of design & function (integration)

  • You get what you pay for without deception (honest commerce)

  • Internet use will not compromise the public health

  • What people do on the Internet reflects their individual commitments, motivations, & objectives


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Internet Gambling Might Challenge Internet Integrity

Population challenge

  • Some observers have suggested that gambling will compromise the integrity of society, in general, and families, in particular

    Individual challenge

  • Some researchers have suggested that the Internet, in general, and Internet gambling, in particular, will compromise the integrity of Internet users and Internet gamblers by encouraging disordered gambling


Population challenge speculating about exposure l.jpg

“…current data shows that when gambling activities are legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

John Warren Kindt

The Economic Aspects of Legalized Gambling Activities, Drake Law Review, 43, 1994, p.59.

Population Challenge:Speculating About Exposure


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Evidence about the Population Challenge legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

  • Prevalence of gambling disorders has been relatively stable during the past 35 years, despite dramatic increases in the growth of gambling exposure and access.

  • In the United States, the rate of serious gambling disorders was 0.7% during the middle 1970s. Today researchers estimate the rate to be about 0.6%.


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Penelope Fitzgerald legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”(British author)

“If they don’t depend on true evidence, scientists are no better than gossips.”

Herbert Flowerdew to Fred Fairly, in The Gate of Angels, ch. 3 (1990).


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Internet Gambling Evidence Before 2007: legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

No Studies of Actual Internet Gambling Behavior


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Internet Gambling Evidence After 2007: legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

Studies of Actual Internet Gambling Behavior Begin to Appear


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Internet Gambling legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

  • Division on Addictions

  • Collaborative


Bwin longitudinal cohort l.jpg

8 month data set legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

bwin Longitudinal Cohort


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Self and Corporate Deposit Limits legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

  • Corporate Deposit Limits

    • Only 0.3% attempted to exceed deposit limits

      • These subscribers evidenced higher average number of bets per active betting day and higher average size of bets

    • Notification did not curtail betting behavior

  • Self-imposed Deposit Limits

  • 1.2% exercised the self-limit option for deposits

  • These subscribers played a wider variety of games and placed more bets

  • After imposing self-limits, fixed odds gambling changed. Players

  • reduced their active betting days

  • reduced the number of bets they made per day

  • reduced the amount they wagered during specific time periods


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Account Closers Who Report Having Gambling Problems legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

  • DO INTERNET GAMBLERS REALLY CHASE THEIR LOSSES?


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Results legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”


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Results Summary legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

As gamblers approached their respective closure time, they…

  • had increasing monetary loss per bet

  • increased their stake per bet

  • bet shorter odds per bet

  • made fewer bets per day


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Caveat legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

  • We don’t know how much disposable income these bettors had available

  • Therefore, it is not possible to calibrate the social harms that these losses might have caused


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Conclusion legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

Despite the caveat about discretionary funds, the results suggest that problem gambling is not as common among Internet sports bettors as the conventional wisdom suggested before we examined actual gambling behavior.


Don t translate opinion gossip into public policy l.jpg
Don’t Translate Opinion & Gossip into Public Policy legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

  • Let Science be Your Guide


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Thanks & Internet Resources legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

www.divisiononaddictions.org

www.basisonline.org

www.thetransparencyproject.org

www.expressionsofaddiction.com


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