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Graphic Syllabus Design - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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They are more efficient in that they require less working memory and fewer cognitive ... Graphics work so. economically because of what Larkin and Simon ...

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THE SYLLABUS

as a Learning Device


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Bloom’s Taxonomy

Evaluation

Synthesis

Analysis

Application

Comprehension

Knowledge


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Learning

How to

Learn

Foundational

Knowledge

Caring

Application

Human

Dimension

Integration

A Taxonomy of Significant Learning


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Four Elements to Learning

Situational Factors

Learning Goals

Feedback and Assessment

Teaching/Learning Activities


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Learning

Goals

Teaching & Learning

Activities

Feedback &

Assessment

Situational Factors


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We learn better from

words and pictures together than from words or pictures

alone.


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Graphic

elements

break up

blocks of

text. . . .


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“Graphics convey information more efficiently

than text. They are more efficient in that they require less working memory and fewer cognitive

transformations than text. . . .Graphics work so

economically because of what Larkin and Simon

(1987) call “perceptual enhancement,” which means they communicate information on two levels at once: through their individual elements and through the spatial arrangement of those elements.”

Nilson, The Graphic Syllabus and the Outcomes Map, 19.


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Graphics

Elements

Efficient

Memorable




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Selective perception

Pattern recognition. . .


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Learning styles:

visual, global, spatial


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Two memory systems:

semantic & episodic

verbal & visual-spatial


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Retained better and longer

Retrieved more easily


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Graphics

Elements

Efficient

Memorable


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We see

the whole

picture

at once. . .


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Learning styles. . .

Verbal & visual-spatial memory systems

Retained and retrieved,

Provide a global picture.


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