Disparities decrease between major urban centres and their rural hinterland in Portugal, Germany, Belgium and Austria. Disparities increase mainly ...
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15 December 2010 in Luxembourg
Rural Regions in Europe:
Potential and Challenges
Aims of workshop
Understanding the Diversity of European Rural Areas
Approaching corresponding Potentials for Development
Structural types of Rural Areas, 2006
Territories and places all have development potentials:
Diversity is a strength if used effectively
Many smart rural territories show the way
Good governance and tailored responsesneeded
Place based policy and governance important for success
Promotion of territorial competitiveness and cohesion:
A place based approach integrating sectors
Larger territorial context important
Cooperation in larger territories at all scales
Europe’s cooperation of territories must increase:
Cooperation create larger markets and critical mass
Entails a great potential for added value
Supports territorial balance at all scales
Navigating Europe in a challenging, changing World
Rural areas as global players:
Rural innovation regions worldwide trading and collaboration links: Examples from Finland, Norway but also southern Germany
Worldwide trade with natural resources:There are cases where the companies in the rural areas interact directly with their clients around the world
Worldwide branded agricultural products:Rioja, Tokaji, Champagne, Gruyère cheese, Scotch whisky, etc…
Rural tourist destinations known worldwide:The castle of Neuschwanstein in Germany, Kleinwalsertal in Austria, the Icehotel in Sweden or the Blue Lagoon on Iceland.
Dark-blue = Euro standardclose to the overall average of the ESPON space. A stagnating natural population balance, but a positive net migration rate is prevalent.
Dark purple = challenge of labourforcehigh share of population in young working ages and a slight population decline, driven by a negative natural population development.
Light blue = family potentialsslightly younger than average age structure, high natural population increase, positive migration rate.
Green = challenge of ageingolder population and natural population decreases; overall population size is increasing due to migration.
Light purple = challenge of declinenegative natural population balance, as well as a negative migratory balance depopulation accompanied by demographic aging.
Yellow = young potentialsyoung age structure, positive natural population increase, strong migratory balance.
Brown = overseashigh proportions of young people natural population increase counterbalances the negative migratory balance.
Change in working age population, 2000-2007
Areas with the highest decreases in Bulgaria and East Germany
Areas with the strongest increase in Spain, Ireland, Iceland, some regions in western France, and single regions in Portugal, Poland, Switzerland, the Benelux countries, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Scotland and Norway.
Expected territorial migration effects 2050
Most regions gain population due to immigration.
In 24% of the regions the 2050 population would be higher by 30% or more compared to a non-migration scenario.
EU15 regions mainly winners with some exceptions
Most profound gains in Italy north of Naples, some south-eastern regions of Spain, southern France, and the east and west England.
Emigration regions in the east, especially Romania and Poland.
Rural areas and their urban links, 1995-2004
Disparities decrease between major urban centres and their rural hinterland in Portugal, Germany, Belgium and Austria
Disparities increase mainly in the Eastern European countries, the UK and Nordic countries
Rural regions shall contribute to smart, sustainable and inclusive growth
Smart connected places are not only urban
Intelligent use of unique endogenous development potentials
New and innovative profiling of local assets for development a necessary challenge
Accessibility to areas and services of general interest
Strengthened partnership and cooperation between urban and rural territories conceived as new functional geographies
Inclusion of rural diversity in more strategic programming in Structural Funds post 2013
Methods and Typologies: Understanding the Diversity of Rural Areas
10.15-10.45Typologies of Rural Areas in ESPON, Andrew Copus, ESPON EDORA Project
10.45-11.15Rural-Urban Typologies from OECD, DG Regio, Sandra Di Biaggio, ESPON CU
11.15-11.30Open discussion and questions
Trends and Future of Rural Areas: Research Progress on the Table
11:30-12:00The Future for Rural Areas of Europe, Andrew Copus, ESPON EDORA Project
12.00-12.30 Open discussion and questions
Concrete examples: Rural territories in the ESPON PURR project
13.30-14.00Potentials of rural regions: Notodden municipality, Cēsis District, North Yorkshire County Council, Wales and Dumfries and Galloway
Marjan van Herwijnen, ESPON CU
14.00-14.30 Discussion on interrelations: typology-trends-cases
Expectations and Use in Policy
14.30-15.45Policy Expectation Statements
Kamila Matouskova, Czech Republic, ESPON MC
Daniela Toccaceli, University of Florence, Rurality-Environment-Development
Peter Mehlbye, ESPON Coordination Unit
Follow-Up and Conclusions
15.45-16.00Peter Mehlbye, ESPON Coordination Unit
Coffee – Tea
Thank you for your attention!