Historically, the state / governments (in tandem with economic elites and the ... East Timor Invasion by Indonesia resulted in more than 200,000 killed ...
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Week 6: Crimes by the State
“The abuse of public office for promised advantage or reward”
“The perversion or destruction of integrity in the discharge of public duties by bribery or favour.”
“Corruption is an act with intent to gain some advantage inconsistent with official duty and the rights of others. The act of an official who unlawfully and wrongfully uses his station or character to procure some benefit for himself or for another person, contrary to duty and the rights of others.”
Politicians, Organized Criminals and Corruption
The law of war is divided into two parts:
1) jus ad bellum (the right to resort to war)
2) jus in bello (the law during war)
The concept of war crimes encompasses those violations of the laws of war that involve individual criminal responsibility.
Was first addressed following WW II
Defining war-related crimes (Article 6 of the Charter for the Nuremberg Tribunal):
Genocide in the 20th Century:
Case Study: East Timor