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Home Medical Tests. Self-Treatment of Chronic Diseases. Organizations ... Home Medical Tests. Began in early 1990s. Tests include. Hepatitis C, cholesterol, illegal ...

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Consumer Health

Self-Care


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Self-Care

  • Purposes of Self-Care

  • Health Promotion

  • Self-Diagnosis

  • Home Medical Tests

  • Self-Treatment of Chronic Diseases

  • Organizations

  • Self-Help Publications

  • Self-Help Groups


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Purposes of Self-Care

  • Improve wellness / health status

  • Reduce risk factor

  • Prevent illness or injury

  • Diagnose/assess symptoms/signs of illness

  • Reduce pain, discomfort, disability

  • Develop advocacy skills


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Purposes of Self-Care

  • For the patient, improve

    • health, satisfaction, and loyalty to health care providers and plans and, at the same time,

    • reduce use of services and lower costs


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Home Medical Tests

  • Began in early 1990s

  • Tests include

    • Hepatitis C, cholesterol, illegal drugs, and, of course, pregnancy, HIV, blood pressure

  • Benefits

    • Reduces office visits

    • Personal sense of control

  • Need FDA approval


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Organizations

  • Scope of Self-Care Instruction

    • Lifestyle modification/health promotion

    • Chronic illness conditions

    • Health-care consumer information

    • Acute illness conditions

    • Physical examination skills

    • Dental health skills

    • Alternative therapies


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Self-Help Publications

  • Report on Self-Care Manuals

  • For the patient, improve

    • health, satisfaction, and loyalty to health care providers and plans and, at the same time,

    • reduce use of services and lower costs


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Self-Help Publications

  • Assessment of Effectiveness

    • Use

    • Knowledge

    • Behavior Change

    • Health Care System Use

      • Some projects found that manual distribution reduced utilization but others did not find that


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Mental Health

Weight Loss

Addiction Recover

Bereavement

Diabetes

Cancer

Caregiver

Groups for the Elderly

Cancer

Chronic Illness

Self-Help Groups


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Self-Help Groups

  • Effectiveness

  • Finding

    • American Self-Help Clearinghouse


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Summary

  • Purposes of Self-Care

  • Health Promotion

  • Self-Diagnosis

  • Home Medical Tests

  • Self-Treatment of Chronic Diseases

  • Organizations

  • Self-Help Publications

  • Self-Help Groups


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Purposes of Self-Care

  • Control of own life

  • Realization of exposure to health risks

  • Medical costs rising

    • May lower cost with fewer MD visits

  • Advertising encourages self-care

  • Inability of health agencies to serve

  • Dissatisfaction with medical care





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