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Training end users and computer programmers begins to be an issue. ... Can a computer teach how to deal with people? Should it? Computers in Education ...

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Computers in education historical overview l.jpg
Computers in EducationHistorical Overview

1950 - 1965 - CAL Systems

  • Wild optimism.

  • Lack of clear goals.

    1965 -1970 - Effective CAL/CAI systems begin to emerge.

  • Training end users and computer programmers begins to be an issue.


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Computers in EducationHistorical Overview

  • 1970 - Scholar

  • ITS starts as a discipline.

  • ITS vs. CAI.

  • -Explicit representation of knowledge.

  • 1970 - 1985 - ICAI period of wild optimism.


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Computers in EducationHistorical Overview

  • 1970 - 1985 - ICAI period of wild optimism.

  • Many problems emerge:-

  • Student knowledge is not just incomplete, it is often wrong.

  • The system needs a student or user model.

  • This turned out to be very difficult.

  • Starting point.

  • Bandwidth

  • Lack of cognitive theories.


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Computers in EducationHistorical Overview

1980 - present - Interactive technologies

  • I.V.

  • Multimedia

  • Learning Environments

  • ITV 

  • Little theory, but plenty of technology.  

  • 1985 - present - Interface improvements

  • wimps systems

  • Multimedia

  • www.

  • VR


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Computers in EducationTechnological Implications

(beware predictions)

  • Improvements in networks etc.

  • Better, faster data transfer.

  • More domestic terminals of various sorts.

  • Better access (ie software) to these networks.

  • More on-line information.

  • Books, films, etc are NOT dying out.


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Computers in EducationTechnological Implications

(beware predictions)

  • ITS/Ihelp vs. Interfaces

  • 'Information Overload'.

  • Simulation and VR.

  • More interactivity in all computer systems (eg. compilers).

  • Some things are best taught/instructed by computer.


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

What exactly is going on?

  • Replacing teachers?

  • If so, why?

  • Making systems more user-friendly?

  • Giving more people access to more knowledge?

  • NB If we had clear answers to these questions, then we might be better able to design systems. laws, and so on.


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

Both good and bad possibilities:-

  • Lack of human-human interaction.


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

Both good and bad possibilities:-

  • Lack of human-human interaction.

  • Can a computer teach how to deal with people?


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

Both good and bad possibilities:-

  • Lack of human-human interaction.

  • Can a computer teach how to deal with people?

  • Should it?


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

Both good and bad possibilities:-

  • Lack of human-human interaction.

  • Can a computer teach how to deal with people?

  • Should it?

  • More information is always beneficial.


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

Both good and bad possibilities:-

  • Lack of human-human interaction.

  • Can a computer teach how to deal with people?

  • Should it?

  • More information is always beneficial.

  • More information = more knowledge.


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

Both good and bad possibilities:-

  • Lack of human-human interaction.

  • Can a computer teach how to deal with people?

  • Should it?

  • More information is always beneficial.

  • More information = more knowledge.

  • Democracy requires people to be well-informed.


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

Both good and bad possibilities:-

  • Lack of human-human interaction.

  • Can a computer teach how to deal with people?

  • Should it?

  • More information is always beneficial.

  • More information = more knowledge.

  • Democracy requires people to be well-informed.

  • More knowledge = greater chance to pursue happiness.


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Computers in EducationSocial Implications

Both good and bad possibilities:-

  • Lack of human-human interaction.

  • Can a computer teach how to deal with people?

  • Should it?

  • More information is always beneficial.

  • More information = more knowledge.

  • Democracy requires people to be well-informed.

  • More knowledge = greater chance to pursue happiness.

  • Just because you've got a computer, it doesn't mean you have to stop talking to people!


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Computers in EducationSome Ethical Implications

  • Human replacement.

  • Concentration of power.

  • Who will keep a check on these trends?

  • How?


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